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Admiral Richard E. Byrd Middle

General school information

Category: Middle (06-08) School
Phone: 540-662-0500
Address: 134 Rosa Lane Winchester, VA 22602
Principal: Dr. Jessica Nail
Superintendent: Dr. David T. Sovine
Region: 4
Division: Frederick County Public Schools
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Performance Snapshot

Accountability

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

State Accreditation Status

Accredited

Reward School Status


ACCREDITATION

Accreditation Status This Year: Accredited
Annual Waiver: 2016 through 2018

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel Two
MathematicsLevel One

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One

Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level Two Level One
Economically Disadvantaged Level Two Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level Three Level Two
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading

Reading Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view the results for a specific reading test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 18 81 63 19 19 80 61 20 15 79 64 21
Female 21 84 64 16 21 84 63 16 18 85 67 15
Male 15 77 62 23 17 76 59 24 13 74 62 26
Asian 39 91 52 9 37 95 58 5 27 91 64 9
Black 14 65 51 35 14 62 48 38 7 60 53 40
Hispanic 9 67 57 33 14 69 55 31 7 72 65 28
White 20 85 65 15 20 84 64 16 18 83 65 17
Two or more races 12 82 70 18 15 74 59 26 10 74 64 26
Students with Disabilities 18 47 29 53 18 42 24 58 14 47 33 53
Economically Disadvantaged 10 68 58 32 12 65 52 35 8 64 56 36
English Learners 5 40 35 60 8 57 49 43 2 57 55 43
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 21 82 61 18 20 79 58 21 17 84 67 16
Female 22 87 65 13 21 82 61 18 19 89 69 11
Male 20 77 57 23 19 75 56 25 14 79 65 21
Asian < 100 < 0 < < < < 36 91 55 9
Black < < < < 18 64 45 36 4 54 50 46
Hispanic 8 65 56 35 11 71 60 29 5 79 73 21
White 24 88 64 12 23 82 60 18 20 88 67 12
Two or more races 18 91 73 9 14 71 57 29 16 84 68 16
Students with Disabilities 14 43 29 57 17 37 19 63 8 56 47 44
Economically Disadvantaged 14 71 57 29 11 66 55 34 4 72 68 28
English Learners 6 44 39 56 6 64 58 36 - 63 63 37
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 20 84 64 16 21 84 63 16 15 79 64 21
Female 23 87 64 13 25 89 64 11 20 86 66 14
Male 17 81 64 19 17 78 61 22 11 72 61 28
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black 9 73 64 27 < < < < 15 70 55 30
Hispanic 12 69 57 31 17 76 59 24 7 68 61 32
White 22 88 66 12 22 88 66 12 18 82 64 18
Two or more races 18 82 64 18 20 73 53 27 7 73 67 27
Students with Disabilities 23 63 40 37 16 46 30 54 15 45 30 55
Economically Disadvantaged 8 71 63 29 14 66 52 34 9 62 53 38
English Learners 6 35 29 65 11 62 51 38 3 61 58 39
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 13 76 64 24 15 77 62 23 13 75 62 25
Female 17 79 62 21 17 80 63 20 14 80 66 20
Male 9 75 65 25 14 74 60 26 13 71 58 29
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 12 65 53 35 8 67 58 33 - 54 54 46
Hispanic 7 67 60 33 12 58 46 42 9 70 61 30
White 14 79 65 21 16 81 65 19 16 79 63 21
Two or more races - 73 73 27 10 80 70 20 6 63 56 38
Students with Disabilities 15 32 18 68 19 45 26 55 18 43 25 57
Economically Disadvantaged 6 61 54 39 12 63 51 37 10 57 47 43
English Learners < < < < 6 33 28 67 5 41 36 59
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Writing

Writing Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in high school with an end-of-course writing test. Prior to 2014, students also took a writing test in grade 5. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific writing test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Writing Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 29 81 52 19 28 76 48 24 21 76 55 24
Female 36 85 49 15 32 83 51 17 24 83 59 17
Male 23 77 54 23 25 69 44 31 18 69 50 31
Asian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Black 24 71 47 29 8 67 58 33 7 64 57 36
Hispanic 17 83 66 17 9 53 44 47 20 75 55 25
White 32 80 48 20 33 81 48 19 23 79 56 21
Two or more races 27 100 73 0 40 80 40 20 19 44 25 56
Students with Disabilities 15 44 29 56 15 39 24 61 11 36 25 64
Economically Disadvantaged 17 77 60 23 12 57 45 43 11 59 48 41
English Learners < < < < 6 22 17 78 6 65 59 35
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 29 81 52 19 28 76 48 24 21 76 55 24
Female 36 85 49 15 32 83 51 17 24 83 59 17
Male 23 77 54 23 25 69 44 31 18 69 50 31
Asian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Black 24 71 47 29 8 67 58 33 7 64 57 36
Hispanic 17 83 66 17 9 53 44 47 20 75 55 25
White 32 80 48 20 33 81 48 19 23 79 56 21
Two or more races 27 100 73 0 40 80 40 20 19 44 25 56
Students with Disabilities 15 44 29 56 15 39 24 61 11 36 25 64
Economically Disadvantaged 17 77 60 23 12 57 45 43 11 59 48 41
English Learners < < < < 6 22 17 78 6 65 59 35
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Math

Math Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of the following secondary mathematics courses: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific mathematics test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

The content of the Standards of Learning for mathematics supports the following five goals for students: becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections, and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

Throughout a student’s mathematics schooling from kindergarten through grade eight, specific content strands or topics are included. These content strands are Number and Number Sense; Computation and Estimation; Measurement; Geometry; Probability and Statistics; and Patterns, Functions, and Algebra. The Standards of Learning for each strand progress in complexity at each grade level and throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Math Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 16 84 68 16 15 81 66 19 11 77 66 23
Female 16 85 69 15 16 83 67 17 10 82 72 18
Male 16 82 66 18 14 78 65 22 11 72 61 28
Asian 50 82 32 18 33 100 67 0 18 95 77 5
Black 19 78 58 22 12 67 55 33 9 61 52 39
Hispanic 9 81 72 19 8 71 63 29 4 72 68 28
White 16 85 69 15 17 84 67 16 13 80 67 20
Two or more races 12 79 67 21 5 77 72 23 10 68 58 32
Students with Disabilities 19 56 36 44 16 51 35 49 13 44 31 56
Economically Disadvantaged 11 75 64 25 8 69 61 31 8 65 57 35
English Learners 10 65 55 35 4 59 54 41 3 63 59 38
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 13 94 81 6 7 83 77 17 8 83 75 17
Female 13 97 84 3 6 85 79 15 8 85 77 15
Male 14 91 77 9 8 82 74 18 8 81 73 19
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black < < < < 16 74 58 26 14 77 64 23
Hispanic 6 94 88 6 7 76 69 24 5 77 72 23
White 15 94 79 6 6 86 80 14 9 86 77 14
Two or more races < 100 < 0 - 91 91 9 6 81 75 19
Students with Disabilities 14 78 64 22 15 63 48 38 6 58 52 42
Economically Disadvantaged 11 92 81 8 8 76 68 24 7 72 65 28
English Learners 11 94 83 6 4 71 68 29 - 66 66 34
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 16 73 58 27 17 71 53 29 13 65 52 35
Female 15 73 59 27 19 74 55 26 11 69 59 31
Male 16 73 57 27 15 67 52 33 15 60 46 40
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black < < < < 10 50 40 50 11 44 33 56
Hispanic 8 68 60 32 10 59 49 41 5 57 52 43
White 17 75 59 25 21 76 55 24 14 68 53 32
Two or more races 15 69 54 31 - 54 54 46 20 60 40 40
Students with Disabilities 20 46 27 54 15 33 18 68 16 29 13 71
Economically Disadvantaged 9 59 49 41 8 54 47 46 7 54 46 46
English Learners 12 41 29 59 5 45 40 55 6 55 48 45
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 8 81 73 19 6 81 75 19 5 74 69 26
Female 9 83 74 17 5 83 78 17 4 82 78 18
Male 8 79 72 21 8 80 72 20 5 65 60 35
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black 7 71 64 29 9 64 55 36 - 46 46 54
Hispanic 11 82 71 18 5 75 70 25 3 76 73 24
White 8 83 76 17 5 84 78 16 5 76 71 24
Two or more races 10 70 60 30 10 80 70 20 7 50 43 50
Students with Disabilities 21 39 18 61 18 53 36 47 17 49 32 51
Economically Disadvantaged 13 72 60 28 8 73 65 28 7 67 60 33
English Learners < < < < 5 68 63 32 4 67 63 33
Algebra I Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 23 97 74 3 25 99 74 1 13 99 86 1
Female 29 100 71 0 30 100 70 0 16 100 84 0
Male 16 93 77 7 19 98 79 2 10 98 88 2
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Hispanic < < < < 18 100 82 0 - 100 100 0
White 22 99 77 1 25 99 74 1 15 99 84 1
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Students with Disabilities < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Economically Disadvantaged 9 91 82 9 8 100 92 0 < 100 < 0
Geometry Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 88 100 12 0 84 100 16 0 51 100 49 0
Female < 100 < 0 84 100 16 0 56 100 44 0
Male 81 100 19 0 85 100 15 0 47 100 53 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Hispanic < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
White 94 100 6 0 89 100 11 0 59 100 41 0
Students with Disabilities < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Algebra II Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students < 100 < 0
Male < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Science

Science Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of the following secondary courses: Earth Science, Biology, and Chemistry. Before 2014, students also were assessed in science in grade 4. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select results for a specific science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s Science Standards of Learning identify academic content for essential components of the science curriculum at different grade levels. Standards are identified for kindergarten through grade five, for middle school, and for a core set of high school courses — Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Throughout a student’s science schooling from kindergarten through grade six, content strands, or topics are included. The Standards of Learning in each strand progress in complexity as they are studied at various grade levels in grades K-6, and are represented indirectly throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 15 85 70 15 18 85 68 15 10 79 68 21
Female 12 81 69 19 16 86 70 14 9 82 73 18
Male 17 88 71 12 19 85 66 15 12 76 64 24
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 24 76 53 24 17 67 50 33 - 62 62 38
Hispanic 5 79 74 21 9 77 68 23 4 73 69 27
White 16 87 72 13 19 88 69 12 13 83 70 17
Two or more races 9 91 82 9 10 80 70 20 6 56 50 44
Students with Disabilities 14 49 34 51 19 57 38 43 2 41 39 59
Economically Disadvantaged 5 74 69 26 13 77 64 23 2 58 56 42
English Learners < < < < - 61 61 39 - 39 39 61
Grade 8 Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 15 85 70 15 17 85 68 15 10 79 68 21
Female 12 81 69 19 16 86 70 14 9 82 73 18
Male 17 88 71 12 19 85 66 15 12 76 64 24
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 24 76 53 24 17 67 50 33 - 62 62 38
Hispanic 5 79 74 21 9 77 68 23 4 73 69 27
White 16 87 72 13 19 88 69 12 13 83 70 17
Two or more races 9 91 82 9 10 80 70 20 6 56 50 44
Students with Disabilities 14 49 34 51 19 57 38 43 2 41 39 59
Economically Disadvantaged 5 74 69 26 13 77 64 23 2 58 56 42
English Learners < < < < - 61 61 39 - 39 39 61
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

History

History Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in history and social science following instruction in Virginia Studies in elementary school, Civics and Economics in middle school, and at the conclusion of the following secondary courses: World History and Geography to 1500, World History and Geography 1500 to the Present, World Geography, and Virginia and U.S. History. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific history or social science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s History and Social Science Standards of Learning are designed to

  • develop the knowledge and skills of history, geography, civics, and economics that enable students to place the people, ideas, and events that have shaped our state and our nation in perspective;
  • instill in students a thoughtful pride in the history of America through an understanding that what “We the People of the United States” launched more than two centuries ago was not a perfect union, but a continual effort to build a “more perfect” union, one which has become the world’s most successful example of constitutional self-government;
  • enable students to understand the basic values, principles, and operation of American constitutional democracy;
  • prepare students for informed, responsible, and participatory citizenship;
  • develop students’ skills in debate, discussion, and writing; and
  • provide students with a framework for continuing education in history and the social sciences.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: History Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 40 92 52 8 45 94 49 6 32 91 60 9
Female 41 91 50 9 44 92 48 8 32 94 62 6
Male 39 93 54 7 46 95 50 5 31 89 57 11
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black 37 79 42 21 55 73 18 27 8 85 77 15
Hispanic 36 89 53 11 24 85 61 15 19 91 72 9
White 41 94 53 6 48 97 48 3 37 92 55 8
Two or more races 25 92 67 8 < < < < 31 81 50 19
Students with Disabilities 11 58 47 42 15 76 61 24 7 70 63 30
Economically Disadvantaged 22 84 62 16 23 88 65 12 8 80 72 20
English Learners < 100 < 0 5 79 74 21 5 75 70 25
Civics & Econ Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 41 93 52 7 45 93 49 7 32 91 59 9
Female 42 91 50 9 45 92 47 8 33 94 61 6
Male 39 94 54 6 45 95 50 5 31 89 57 11
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black 39 83 44 17 50 70 20 30 8 85 77 15
Hispanic 36 89 52 11 23 85 62 15 20 91 71 9
White 42 94 52 6 49 97 48 3 38 93 55 7
Two or more races 27 100 73 0 < < < < 31 81 50 19
Students with Disabilities 13 57 43 43 8 71 63 29 3 66 63 34
Economically Disadvantaged 23 86 62 14 21 87 66 13 6 79 73 21
English Learners < 100 < 0 5 79 74 21 5 74 68 26
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

2015-20162016-20172017-2018
State3,4624,2272,762
Division132520
School055
Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Grade 6324311328
Grade 7298323315
Grade 8314308323
Total Students936942966
Fall Membership by Grade
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2018 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status.

The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports.

A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:

  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.

.

Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
All Students936942966
Female468458477
Male468484489
Asian192122
Black435357
Hispanic186186174
White647625654
Two or more races415556
Students with Disabilities139130137
Not Students with Disabilities797812829
Economically Disadvantaged223241311
Not Economically Disadvantaged713701655
English Learners899295
Not English Learners847850871
Homeless676
Foster Care221
Military Connected14
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Multiple factors should be considered when comparing the level of school division expenditures for instruction and expenditures for non-instructional costs, such as administration, health services and pupil transportation. These factors include economies of scale, geographic size, and the number of students requiring special services. For example:

  • Smaller school divisions may have similar administrative and support costs as larger divisions but these non-instructional costs are spread over a smaller expenditure base.
  • Geographically large but sparsely populated school divisions may have higher per-pupil transportation costs because of travel distances and mountainous topography.
  • Divisions with large populations of at-risk or special needs students must provide support services that are required or that raise student achievement.
School Division - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year division
operating expenditures for instructional costs
68 67.4 66.6

Statewide Expenditures

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves.

Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.

School State - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
67.1 66.9 67.2

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances.

Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates.

The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.

School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20155,245.005,220.00543.00
2015-20165,607.005,263.00531.00
2016-20175,858.005,406.00560.00

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth’s public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources.

Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality’s share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth’s Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. .

While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.

 

State - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20155,950.004,802.00771.00
2015-20166,101.004,831.00812.00
2016-20176,268.005,033.00871.00

Learning Climate

Percent of Students Absent

Percent of Students Absent 2017-2018 School Year:

NOTE TO USERS: THIS DATA AND PRESENTATION ABOVE DO NOT REFLECT THE FORMULA USED TO CALCULATE CHRONIC ABSENTEEISM INDICATORS FOR STATE ACCREDITATION AND ESSA. THIS PRESENTATION WILL BE REVISED WITH THE ADDITION OF ESSA INDICATORS ON DECEMBER 31, 2018.

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:

  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can’t read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Subgroup 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%
All Students855671715834541822876622420887532122
Female4003968407241011444241374422878
Male4552811742730811432381113445251414
American Indian00000000
Asian19110230001900021100
Black44401374234240453711
Hispanic123621167512182754183564
White637521410577411514594461811578361216
Two or more races31403303023851150421
Students with Disabilities11275211082412812471171284
Economically Disadvantaged223338824724813245261212244241213
English Learners40100431009052193431
Homeless63110000832210224
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2017-2018 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses <
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses 12
Other Offenses Against Persons 14
Weapons Offenses <
Offenses Against Staff <
Offenses Against Student <
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Short Term Suspensions

Short Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Short Term Suspensions
  2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions
American Indian0.11113.04
Asian2.4532.032.2293.23
Black4.79421.744.59413.045.62619.35
Hispanic18.72913.0419.87217.3919.7456.45
Native Hawaiian0.212
White70.01152.1769.12456.5266.34845.16
Two or more races3.9024.3813.045.83925.81
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Long Term Suspensions

Long Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Long Term Suspensions
  2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions
American Indian0.111
Asian2.4532.032.229
Black4.7944.5941005.626100
Hispanic18.72919.87219.745
Native Hawaiian0.212
White70.01169.12466.348
Two or more races3.9024.385.839
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Expulsions
  2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.111
Asian2.4532.032.229
Black4.7944.5945.626
Hispanic18.72919.87219.745
Native Hawaiian0.212
White70.01169.12466.348
Two or more races3.9024.385.839
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.

 

At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division.

Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals.

See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 24.9726.4725.64
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level.

Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health.

Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children.

The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 9.4610.2612.13
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program.

School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children.

Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 78.3876.0773.22
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Teacher Quality

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  2016-20172017-2018
Provisional Special Education4%5%
Provisional3%1%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentage of teachers teaching with provisional or provisional special education credentials.

This table provides data on the percentage of classes not taught by teachers meeting the federal definition of highly qualified.

Federal education law defines a highly qualified teacher as a teacher who is fully licensed by the state, has at least a bachelor’s degree, has demonstrated competency in each subject taught, and is teaching in his or her area of endorsement.

Virginia’s licensure regulations – which emphasize content knowledge as well as pedagogy – require new teachers to far exceed the federal highly qualified standard.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2017-2018

The Virginia Department of Education reports annually on the percentage of teachers with bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate degrees in schools, school divisions, and the state by highest degree earned.

Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2015-201644%54%1%1%
2016-201751%48%1%0%
2017-201849%50%1%0%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
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