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Armel Elementary

General school information

Category: Elementary (KG-05) School
Phone: 540-869-1657
Address: 2239 Front Royal Pike Winchester, VA 22602
Principal: Mrs. Heather Miller
Superintendent: Dr. David T. Sovine
School Number: 320
Region: 4
Division: Frederick County Public Schools
Division Number: 34
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Accreditation

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

School Readiness

School Readiness

ACCREDITATION

2019 Accreditation Status: Accredited
Accreditation Status Last Year: Accredited
Annual Waiver: 2019 through 2021

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel One
MathematicsLevel Two

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One
  • Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
  • Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
  • Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level One Level Three
Economically Disadvantaged Level One Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level Two Level One
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state reading tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course (EOC) reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 21 54 75 25 19 59 78 22 16 57 73 27
Female 22 58 80 20 21 64 85 15 21 61 82 18
Male 20 51 71 29 17 54 70 30 12 53 65 35
Asian 9 73 82 18 < < < < 27 64 91 9
Black - 60 60 40 < < < < 6 50 56 44
Hispanic 6 46 52 48 7 52 60 40 6 47 53 47
White 28 54 82 18 22 60 83 17 20 59 79 21
Two or more races 12 59 71 29 18 64 82 18 16 63 79 21
Students with Disabilities 11 29 39 61 8 28 36 64 5 36 41 59
Students without Disabilities 23 58 81 19 20 63 83 17 18 60 78 22
Economically Disadvantaged 5 53 58 42 8 53 61 39 8 44 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 27 55 81 19 23 61 84 16 19 61 80 20
English Learners 4 40 45 55 - 45 45 55 - 35 35 65
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 55 71 29 16 65 81 19 18 45 63 37
Female 20 66 86 14 17 68 85 15 20 46 66 34
Male 12 45 57 43 15 60 75 25 17 44 61 39
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Hispanic - 52 52 48 - 74 74 26 6 17 22 78
White 23 51 74 26 21 61 82 18 21 53 74 26
Two or more races < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 6 19 25 75 8 42 50 50 7 27 33 67
Students without Disabilities 17 61 78 22 17 67 84 16 20 49 69 31
Economically Disadvantaged - 50 50 50 7 67 73 27 4 22 26 74
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 57 77 23 19 64 83 17 24 54 78 22
English Learners - 47 47 53 - 64 64 36 - 30 30 70
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 26 48 75 25 23 54 77 23 17 64 81 19
Female 30 46 76 24 28 61 89 11 21 68 89 11
Male 23 50 73 27 18 48 66 34 12 60 72 28
Asian < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
Hispanic 6 33 39 61 21 38 58 42 7 63 70 30
White 32 52 84 16 25 58 83 17 20 64 84 16
Two or more races < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities 23 - 23 77 - 25 25 75 6 56 63 38
Students without Disabilities 27 55 82 18 25 58 83 17 18 66 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 6 48 55 45 15 48 63 37 9 66 75 25
Not Economically Disadvantaged 35 48 83 17 25 56 81 19 19 64 83 17
English Learners 5 32 37 63 - 43 43 57 - 62 62 38
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 60 83 17 18 58 75 25 15 58 73 27
Female 16 60 77 23 19 63 81 19 21 64 85 15
Male 29 60 89 11 17 53 70 30 9 53 62 38
Asian < < < < < < < < < < < <
Black < < < < < < < < < < < <
Hispanic 15 54 69 31 - 38 38 63 4 52 56 44
White 27 62 89 11 20 63 83 17 20 59 79 21
Two or more races < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities < < < < 13 20 33 67 - 23 23 77
Students without Disabilities 25 57 82 18 18 64 82 18 17 62 79 21
Economically Disadvantaged 11 67 78 22 3 46 49 51 10 42 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 26 59 84 16 24 63 87 13 17 63 80 20
English Learners < < < < < < < < - 9 9 91
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
EOC English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Writing Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state writing tests. Virginia students are assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in most high schools with a state end-of-course (EOC) writing test. If a high school administers a locally developed writing assessment, results are not included in this chart as scores on locally developed writing assessments are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
EOC Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Math Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state mathematics tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of secondary courses (Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 58 77 23 21 58 79 21 14 65 79 21
Female 16 62 78 22 22 59 81 19 14 66 80 20
Male 22 54 76 24 20 57 77 23 14 63 77 23
Asian 27 64 91 9 < < 100 0 18 82 100 0
Black - 50 50 50 < < < < - 44 44 56
Hispanic 9 50 59 41 4 57 61 39 8 58 66 34
White 24 59 82 18 26 57 84 16 17 67 83 17
Two or more races - 71 71 29 14 73 86 14 16 74 89 11
Students with Disabilities 8 39 47 53 8 31 38 62 5 43 48 52
Students without Disabilities 21 60 81 19 23 62 84 16 15 68 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 9 53 62 38 4 61 65 35 9 52 60 40
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 59 82 18 27 57 84 16 16 69 85 15
English Learners 6 47 53 47 3 48 52 48 6 49 54 46
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 61 71 29 15 58 73 27 9 67 76 24
Female 9 65 75 25 13 62 75 25 7 63 71 29
Male 12 57 68 32 17 55 72 28 11 69 80 20
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < < <
Hispanic - 52 52 48 - 63 63 37 5 58 63 37
White 16 61 76 24 20 57 76 24 10 73 82 18
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities 6 38 44 56 17 25 42 58 7 33 40 60
Students without Disabilities 11 65 76 24 15 62 77 23 10 73 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged - 50 50 50 7 63 70 30 4 54 57 43
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 64 78 22 18 57 75 25 12 72 84 16
English Learners - 53 53 47 - 43 43 57 9 55 64 36
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 60 76 24 21 65 86 14 20 66 86 14
Female 14 66 80 20 20 69 89 11 14 75 89 11
Male 18 55 73 27 23 61 84 16 26 57 83 17
Asian < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
Hispanic - 50 50 50 13 58 71 29 7 74 81 19
White 21 63 84 16 24 65 89 11 25 63 88 12
Two or more races < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities 8 23 31 69 - 42 42 58 6 56 63 38
Students without Disabilities 17 65 83 17 23 68 91 9 22 68 90 10
Economically Disadvantaged 7 53 60 40 4 74 78 22 16 56 72 28
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 63 83 17 26 63 89 11 22 70 92 8
English Learners - 42 42 58 7 57 64 36 8 69 77 23
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 33 52 85 15 26 51 77 23 12 62 74 26
Female 28 53 81 19 33 46 80 20 18 61 79 21
Male 39 50 89 11 20 55 75 25 6 63 69 31
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < < < < < < < < < < <
Hispanic 38 46 85 15 - 44 44 56 11 41 52 48
White 35 52 87 13 35 50 85 15 14 66 80 20
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities < < < < 7 27 33 67 - 38 38 62
Students without Disabilities 36 50 86 14 29 55 84 16 13 64 78 22
Economically Disadvantaged 28 56 83 17 3 49 51 49 6 45 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 35 51 86 14 37 52 89 11 14 67 81 19
English Learners < < < < < < < < - 18 18 82
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Algebra I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Geometry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Algebra II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Science Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state science tests. Virginia students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of secondary courses (Earth Science, Biology and Chemistry) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 56 80 20 17 60 76 24 16 58 75 25
Female 16 56 72 28 15 65 80 20 23 56 79 21
Male 31 56 87 13 18 55 73 27 10 60 71 29
Asian < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < < < < < < < < < < <
Hispanic - 62 62 38 - 44 44 56 11 63 74 26
White 29 59 87 13 21 62 83 17 19 59 78 22
Two or more races < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities < < < < 13 13 27 73 - 23 23 77
Students without Disabilities 27 53 80 20 17 67 84 16 18 62 80 20
Economically Disadvantaged 17 50 67 33 - 49 49 51 10 61 71 29
Not Economically Disadvantaged 26 57 83 17 24 65 89 11 18 57 76 24
English Learners < < < < < < < < - 45 45 55
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 5 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 56 80 20 17 60 76 24 16 58 75 25
Female 16 56 72 28 15 65 80 20 23 56 79 21
Male 31 56 87 13 18 55 73 27 10 60 71 29
Asian < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < < < < < < < < < < <
Hispanic - 62 62 38 - 44 44 56 11 63 74 26
White 29 59 87 13 21 62 83 17 19 59 78 22
Two or more races < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities < < < < 13 13 27 73 - 23 23 77
Students without Disabilities 27 53 80 20 17 67 84 16 18 62 80 20
Economically Disadvantaged 17 50 67 33 - 49 49 51 10 61 71 29
Not Economically Disadvantaged 26 57 83 17 24 65 89 11 18 57 76 24
English Learners < < < < < < < < - 45 45 55
Military Connected < < 100 0
Grade 8 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Biology Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Chemistry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Earth Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

History Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state tests in history/social science. Virginia students are assessed in history/social science once in elementary school (Virginia Studies), once in middle school (Civics and Economics) and at the end of secondary courses (Geography, World History I, World History II and Virginia and United States History) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 57 32 89 11 33 50 84 16 18 55 74 26
Female 44 39 83 17 35 52 87 13 25 53 78 22
Male 71 24 95 5 32 49 81 19 12 58 70 30
Asian < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Hispanic 55 36 91 9 6 63 69 31 8 58 65 35
White 62 28 90 10 37 52 89 11 25 51 76 24
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities < < 100 0 13 27 40 60 8 15 23 77
Students without Disabilities 58 30 88 12 36 54 91 9 20 60 79 21
Economically Disadvantaged 56 31 88 13 11 60 71 29 7 55 62 38
Not Economically Disadvantaged 58 32 89 11 43 46 89 11 22 55 77 23
English Learners < < < < < < < < - 40 40 60
Military Connected < < 100 0
VA Studies Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 57 32 89 11 33 50 84 16 18 55 74 26
Female 44 39 83 17 35 52 87 13 25 53 78 22
Male 71 24 95 5 32 49 81 19 12 58 70 30
Asian < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Hispanic 55 36 91 9 6 63 69 31 8 58 65 35
White 62 28 90 10 37 52 89 11 25 51 76 24
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities < < 100 0 13 27 40 60 8 15 23 77
Students without Disabilities 58 30 88 12 36 54 91 9 20 60 79 21
Economically Disadvantaged 56 31 88 13 11 60 71 29 7 55 62 38
Not Economically Disadvantaged 58 32 89 11 43 46 89 11 22 55 77 23
English Learners < < < < < < < < - 40 40 60
Military Connected < < 100 0
VA & US History Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
World History I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
World History II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Civics & Econ Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Geography Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

2016-20172017-20182018-2019
School2-3
Division252019
State4,2272,7623,719
Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

Virginia Alternate Assessment Program Participation Rates

Reading
Subject Area Number of Students Taking VAAP Tests Total Number of Students Percent of Students Taking VAAP Tests
Number and percentage of students participating in the Virginia Alternate Assessment Program.

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2017-20182018-20192019-2020
Pre-kindergarten699
Kindergarten9994108
Grade 193107107
Grade 29393117
Grade 311590103
Grade 412511395
Grade 5113129116
Total Students644635655

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2019 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status. The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:
  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.
.
Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2017-20182018-20192019-2020
All Students644635655
Female298292303
Male346343352
American Indian1--
Asian161715
Black212225
Hispanic121121130
White454446462
Two or more races312822
Students with Disabilities777388
Students without Disabilities567562567
Economically Disadvantaged156140142
Not Economically Disadvantaged488495513
English Learners958675
Not English Learners549549580
Homeless3-4
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Statewide Expenditures

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances. Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates. The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.
School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Type Local Funding State Federal
2015-2016Division5,607.005,263.00531.00
State6,084.004,849.00812.00
2016-2017Division5,858.005,406.00560.00
State6,248.005,052.00871.00
2017-2018Division6,253.005,544.00611.00
State6,462.005,219.00867.00

Learning Climate

Chronic Absenteeism

Chronic Absenteeism 2018-2019 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:
  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can't read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Subgroup Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above
All Students571336023560036
Female272112831427812
Male299223192132224
American Indian<<<<--
Asian143150162
Black220190241
Hispanic1076111611110
Native Hawaiian----<<
White398234272842122
Two or more races291291271
Students with Disabilities7276857611
Economically Disadvantaged15391511712918
English Learners893933767
Homeless<<<<--
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2018-2019 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses <

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Short-Term Suspensions

Short-Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Short-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.20.2--
Asian3.12.52.7
Black3.63.33.5100
Hispanic18.518.819.1
Native Hawaiian----0.2
White69.570.510070.2
Two or more races5.14.84.4
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Long-Term Suspensions

Long-Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Long-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Long-Term Suspensions% Population% Long-Term Suspensions% Population% Long-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.20.2
Asian3.12.52.7
Black3.63.33.5
Hispanic18.518.819.1
Native Hawaiian0.2
White69.570.570.2
Two or more races5.14.84.4
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Expulsions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.20.2--
Asian3.12.52.7
Black3.63.33.5
Hispanic18.518.819.1
Native Hawaiian----0.2
White69.570.570.2
Two or more races5.14.84.4
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.   At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division. Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals. See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.
Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 23.824.921.9
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level. Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health. Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.  
Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 32.331.839.7
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program. School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.  
Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 75.667.372.8
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Civil Rights Data Collection

The Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) is a survey of all public schools and school districts in the United States. The CRDC includes data on student access to courses, programs, staff, and resources relevant to educational equity and opportunity for students.​

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights reports information collected through the CRDC in carrying out its mission “to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights.”​

More information about the Civil Rights Data Collection is available on the Virginia Department of Education website.

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality All Schools
Poverty Level Out-of-Field Teachers Inexperienced Teachers Out-of-Field and Inexperienced Teachers

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentages of teachers who are teaching out of field (not fully endorsed for the content they are teaching) or who are inexperienced (less than one year of classroom experience). Percentages are reported for Title I schools, non-Title I schools, all schools and for high-poverty and low-poverty schools.

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  All Teachers Special Education Teachers
This School3.8%1.9%
Division6.3%1.8%
State7.3%1.8%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentages of all teachers and special education teachers who are teaching with a provisional license.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2018-2019

No additional explanation available.
Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2016-201745%55%0%0%
2017-201849%51%0%0%
2018-201949%49%2%0%
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Every Student Succeeds Act

2019 ESSA Status: Not Identified for Support and Improvement
2019 Accreditation Status: Accredited

ESSA School Quality Indicators Summary

Student GroupEnglish Reading PerformanceMathematics PerformanceEnglish Learner ProgressChronic AbsenteeismFederal Graduation Indicator
All StudentsYesYes-Yes-
AsianYesYes-Yes-
BlackTSTS-Yes-
HispanicNoYes-Yes-
WhiteYesYes-Yes-
Economically DisadvantagedNoYes-Yes-
English LearnersNoYesYesYes-
Students with DisabilitiesNoYes-Yes-

Yes = Annual target met
Yes - CP = Annual target met and improved from previous year
Yes - No CP = Annual target met and did not improve from previous year
No = Annual target not met
TS = Too few students to evaluate
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) requires states to set annual and long-term targets for raising the achievement of all students. Virginia schools are focused on the following school quality indicators in meeting the objectives of the federal law:
  • Reading performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in reading
  • Mathematics performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in mathematics
  • Growth in reading and mathematics — percentage of students in the school either passing state tests in reading and mathematics or making significant progress toward passing
  • English learner progress — percentage of English learners making progress toward English-language proficiency
  • Chronic absenteeism — percentage of students missing 10 percent or more of the school year, regardless of reason (students receiving homebound and home-based instruction excluded)
  • Federal Graduation Indicator — percentage of students graduating within four years of entering the ninth grade with a Standard Diploma or Advanced Studies Diploma
More information about ESSA implementation in Virginia is available on the Virginia Department of Education website. Detailed state assessment results — including results by test type and student groups — are available on VDOE’s Test Results Build-A-Table data tool.

ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Reading

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students74%75%73%75%
Asian91%87%87%75%
Black63%60%60%75%
Hispanic53%55%63%75%
White80%81%81%75%
Economically Disadvantaged54%58%62%75%
English Learners47%49%53%75%
Students with Disabilities41%38%39%75%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in reading in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 75 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state reading tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance as compared to the previous year. Note: Reading pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.

ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Mathematics

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students79%78%74%70%
Asian100%97%89%70%
Black50%53%60%70%
Hispanic66%62%64%70%
White84%83%81%70%
Economically Disadvantaged63%63%63%70%
English Learners63%58%57%70%
Students with Disabilities48%44%42%70%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in mathematics in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 70 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state mathematics tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance during the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance compared to the previous year. Note: Mathematics pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time on one of the following state tests: Algebra I, Geometry or Algebra II.

ESSA Pass Rates: Science

Student GroupCurrent Rate
All Students75%
Asian<
Black<
Hispanic74%
White78%
Economically Disadvantaged73%
English Learners70%
Students with Disabilities23%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires that students take state tests in science at least once during elementary school, once during middle school and once during high school. Note: Science pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance on the state Biology test of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.

Growth in Reading and Mathematics

Student GroupGrowth English ReadingGrowth Mathematics
All Students77%81%
Asian91%100%
Black63%50%
Hispanic57%68%
White83%85%
Economically Disadvantaged58%64%
English Learners53%67%
Students with Disabilities57%55%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015, growth in reading and mathematics is a factor in identifying elementary and middle schools for improvement and increased state support. The percentage of students showing growth in reading and mathematics includes students passing state tests and non-passing students who are making significant progress toward passing.

Chronic Absenteeism

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students6%6%9%10%
Asian11%10%5%10%
Black4%2%9%10%
Hispanic8%6%9%10%
White5%6%9%10%
Economically Disadvantaged12%9%13%10%
English Learners8%5%8%10%
Students with Disabilities13%10%14%10%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual and long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, no more than 10 percent of all students, and of students in the student groups listed in this table, will be chronically absent. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line data from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism must improve performance compared to the previous year.

English Learner Progress and Proficiency

English LearnersPercentAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
English Learner Progress75%46%58%
English Learner Proficiency23%--

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual targets and long-term goals for increasing the percentage of English learners making progress toward attaining English-language proficiency. Virginia also reports on the percentage of English learners who attain proficiency.
English LearnersNumeratorDenominatorRate
English Learner Progress466175%
English Learner Proficiency177323%

ESSA Participation Rates

Student GroupEnglish Reading ParticipationMathematics ParticipationScience Participation
All Students100%100%100%
Asian100%100%<
Black100%100%<
Hispanic100%100%100%
White100%100%100%
Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
Not Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
English Learners100%100%100%
Students with Disabilities100%100%100%
Students without Disabilities100%100%100%
Female100%100%100%
Male100%100%100%
Migrant---

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to assess at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics in grades 3-8, and to test at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics at least once during their high school careers. States also report on the percentage of students assessed in science in elementary school, middle school and in high school (Biology).

School Readiness

Kindergarten Students' Public Preschool Experience

This chart displays the percentage of kindergarten students who were previously enrolled in a public preschool within a Virginia school division. Students who were enrolled in a public preschool program administered by a non-governmental agency — such as a Head Start program administered by a local nonprofit organization — are not included.
Percent of Kindergarten Students With Public Preschool Experience
Public Preschool​
School 6%
Division 11%
State 33%

Kindergarten Students Meeting Fall Literacy Benchmarks

This chart presents the percentage of kindergarten students scoring at or above the benchmark on the fall Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) assessment. Note: Fairfax County Public Schools administers an alternate literacy assessment and school-level results for Fairfax County kindergarten students are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education.
Percent of Kindergarten Students Meeting Fall Literacy Benchmarks​​​
School 84%
Division 84%
State 81%
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