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Daniel Morgan Middle School

General school information

Category: Middle (07-08) School
Phone: 540-667-7171
Address: 48 S Purcell Ave Winchester, VA 22601
Principal: Jennifer Buckely
Superintendent: Dr. Jason Van Heukelum
Region: 4
Division: Winchester City Public Schools
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Performance Snapshot

Accountability

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

State Accreditation Status

Accredited

Reward School Status


ACCREDITATION

Accreditation Status This Year: Accredited

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel Two
MathematicsLevel Two

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One

Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level Two Level Two
Economically Disadvantaged Level One Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level Three Level Three
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading

Reading Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view the results for a specific reading test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 16 68 52 32 14 66 52 34 13 73 60 27
Female 17 72 55 28 15 70 55 30 14 75 61 25
Male 15 64 50 36 12 62 50 38 11 71 60 29
American Indian 9 64 55 36 18 55 36 45 < 100 < 0
Asian 42 87 45 13 33 87 53 13 28 78 50 22
Black 6 50 44 50 6 49 43 51 7 53 46 47
Hispanic 8 58 50 42 4 54 50 46 2 62 61 38
White 22 79 57 21 21 78 57 22 21 85 64 15
Two or more races 20 69 49 31 13 64 51 36 11 70 59 30
Students with Disabilities 8 27 19 73 4 27 23 73 5 36 31 64
Economically Disadvantaged 8 55 47 45 6 54 48 46 5 63 58 37
English Learners 11 40 29 60 4 39 35 61 3 38 35 62
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 15 67 52 33 11 68 57 32 16 76 60 24
Female 16 69 52 31 15 77 62 23 19 74 55 26
Male 14 66 52 34 7 59 52 41 12 78 65 22
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < < < < 20 70 50 30
Black 8 33 25 68 8 54 46 46 12 59 47 41
Hispanic 7 61 53 39 4 51 48 49 1 68 67 32
White 22 81 58 19 16 83 67 17 25 85 60 15
Two or more races 17 78 61 22 10 60 50 40 15 74 59 26
Students with Disabilities 8 36 28 64 2 25 23 75 9 44 36 56
Economically Disadvantaged 8 52 45 48 7 57 50 43 6 67 61 33
English Learners 7 47 40 53 4 26 22 74 4 48 43 52
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 14 73 58 27 13 63 50 37 9 70 60 30
Female 12 79 66 21 15 66 51 34 9 76 67 24
Male 16 68 51 32 12 61 49 39 10 64 54 36
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 5 63 58 38 2 43 40 57 3 47 45 53
Hispanic 11 63 52 37 5 56 51 44 2 58 56 42
White 20 83 63 17 20 73 53 27 16 85 69 15
Two or more races 11 68 58 32 17 74 57 26 5 63 58 37
Students with Disabilities 5 24 18 76 6 29 24 71 2 29 27 71
Economically Disadvantaged 7 61 54 39 6 48 43 52 4 60 56 40
English Learners 16 43 27 57 3 41 38 59 2 29 27 71
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Writing

Writing Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in high school with an end-of-course writing test. Prior to 2014, students also took a writing test in grade 5. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific writing test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Writing Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 21 66 45 34 14 57 44 43 15 65 49 35
Female 26 74 48 26 13 63 50 37 18 76 57 24
Male 16 59 42 41 15 52 38 48 12 54 42 46
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < < <
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 11 55 45 45 2 36 33 64 8 54 46 46
Hispanic 11 63 52 37 8 51 43 49 11 51 40 49
White 29 72 43 28 21 64 43 36 21 78 57 22
Two or more races 15 55 40 45 5 73 68 27 5 58 53 42
Students with Disabilities 5 15 10 85 8 21 13 79 2 11 9 89
Economically Disadvantaged 9 52 43 48 6 41 34 59 11 55 43 45
English Learners 3 38 35 63 3 32 29 68 8 20 13 80
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 21 66 45 34 14 57 44 43 15 65 49 35
Female 26 74 48 26 13 63 50 37 18 76 57 24
Male 16 59 42 41 15 52 38 48 12 54 42 46
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < < <
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 11 55 45 45 2 36 33 64 8 54 46 46
Hispanic 11 63 52 37 8 51 43 49 11 51 40 49
White 29 72 43 28 21 64 43 36 21 78 57 22
Two or more races 15 55 40 45 5 73 68 27 5 58 53 42
Students with Disabilities 5 15 10 85 8 21 13 79 2 11 9 89
Economically Disadvantaged 9 52 43 48 6 41 34 59 11 55 43 45
English Learners 3 38 35 63 3 32 29 68 8 20 13 80
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Math

Math Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of the following secondary mathematics courses: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific mathematics test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

The content of the Standards of Learning for mathematics supports the following five goals for students: becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections, and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

Throughout a student’s mathematics schooling from kindergarten through grade eight, specific content strands or topics are included. These content strands are Number and Number Sense; Computation and Estimation; Measurement; Geometry; Probability and Statistics; and Patterns, Functions, and Algebra. The Standards of Learning for each strand progress in complexity at each grade level and throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Math Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 18 77 59 23 16 74 58 26 12 76 64 24
Female 18 80 62 20 16 77 61 23 14 77 63 23
Male 18 75 57 25 17 72 55 28 10 75 65 25
American Indian 18 73 55 27 27 64 36 36 < 100 < 0
Asian 66 97 31 3 40 97 57 3 35 88 53 12
Black 3 61 58 39 5 54 49 46 4 51 47 49
Hispanic 9 73 64 27 9 71 62 29 6 72 66 28
White 26 84 57 16 25 81 56 19 18 85 68 15
Two or more races 15 79 64 21 9 72 63 28 11 70 59 30
Students with Disabilities 6 41 35 59 4 35 31 65 4 38 34 62
Economically Disadvantaged 9 68 60 32 8 66 58 34 7 68 61 32
English Learners 5 60 55 40 6 62 56 38 2 53 51 47
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 13 69 56 31 20 67 47 33 3 68 64 32
Female 11 71 60 29 25 70 46 30 5 65 60 35
Male 15 66 51 34 16 64 48 36 2 70 68 30
American Indian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Black - 45 45 55 5 49 44 51 6 45 39 55
Hispanic 6 65 59 35 10 57 46 43 1 69 67 31
White 20 78 59 22 29 77 49 23 6 74 69 26
Two or more races 14 77 64 23 18 64 45 36 - 62 62 38
Students with Disabilities 6 33 27 67 - 22 22 78 7 40 33 60
Economically Disadvantaged 6 56 49 44 8 58 50 42 3 63 59 38
English Learners 9 58 49 42 2 34 32 66 - 50 50 50
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 4 72 68 28 6 68 62 32 8 73 65 27
Female 5 79 74 21 4 80 76 20 10 76 66 24
Male 4 66 62 34 8 56 48 44 6 70 64 30
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black - 76 76 24 3 53 50 47 3 51 49 49
Hispanic 3 74 71 26 6 71 65 29 5 70 65 30
White 5 68 63 32 6 71 65 29 12 82 71 18
Two or more races - 71 71 29 - 69 69 31 5 71 67 29
Students with Disabilities 5 32 26 68 6 37 31 63 2 37 35 63
Economically Disadvantaged 3 69 66 31 3 59 56 41 7 68 61 32
English Learners 2 73 71 27 5 63 57 38 2 53 51 47
Algebra I Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 21 98 76 2 20 95 76 5 38 100 62 0
Female 29 100 71 0 19 94 75 6 36 100 64 0
Male 16 96 80 4 20 96 76 4 40 100 60 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Hispanic 13 100 87 0 6 94 88 6 38 100 62 0
White 27 100 73 0 28 96 68 4 35 100 65 0
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Economically Disadvantaged 13 94 81 6 12 92 80 8 31 100 69 0
English Learners < 100 < 0 < < < < < 100 < 0
Geometry Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 69 100 31 0 57 100 43 0 47 100 53 0
Female 69 100 31 0 73 100 27 0 < 100 < 0
Male 69 100 31 0 45 100 55 0 36 100 64 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Hispanic < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
White 76 100 24 0 58 100 42 0 41 100 59 0
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Algebra II Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 68 100 32 0 < 100 < 0
Female < 100 < 0
Male 76 100 24 0 < 100 < 0
Black < 100 < 0
Hispanic < 100 < 0
White 73 100 27 0 < 100 < 0
Two or more races < 100 < 0
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Science

Science Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of the following secondary courses: Earth Science, Biology, and Chemistry. Before 2014, students also were assessed in science in grade 4. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select results for a specific science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s Science Standards of Learning identify academic content for essential components of the science curriculum at different grade levels. Standards are identified for kindergarten through grade five, for middle school, and for a core set of high school courses — Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Throughout a student’s science schooling from kindergarten through grade six, content strands, or topics are included. The Standards of Learning in each strand progress in complexity as they are studied at various grade levels in grades K-6, and are represented indirectly throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 17 73 56 27 9 63 55 37 10 77 67 23
Female 14 70 56 30 7 61 54 39 7 79 72 21
Male 19 75 56 25 10 65 56 35 13 75 63 25
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian 13 93 80 7 38 100 62 0 36 82 45 18
Black 8 63 55 37 1 36 35 64 2 53 51 47
Hispanic 8 64 55 36 2 56 54 44 1 60 59 40
White 25 81 56 19 15 76 61 24 16 91 76 9
Two or more races 17 67 50 33 5 58 53 42 8 77 69 23
Students with Disabilities 5 35 30 65 2 28 26 72 2 35 33 65
Economically Disadvantaged 7 60 54 40 3 49 46 51 4 64 61 36
English Learners - 46 46 54 1 45 44 55 - 41 41 59
Grade 8 Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 11 73 62 27 7 67 59 33 10 77 67 23
Female 6 72 66 28 6 66 61 34 7 79 72 21
Male 16 74 58 26 9 67 59 33 13 75 63 25
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 36 82 45 18
Black 3 67 64 33 2 39 37 61 2 53 51 47
Hispanic 4 63 58 37 4 63 58 37 1 60 59 40
White 19 83 64 17 10 75 65 25 16 91 76 9
Two or more races 11 58 47 42 5 81 76 19 8 77 69 23
Students with Disabilities 3 30 27 70 4 28 24 72 2 35 33 65
Economically Disadvantaged 4 62 58 38 4 52 48 48 4 64 61 36
English Learners - 47 47 53 3 49 46 51 - 41 41 59
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

History

History Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in history and social science following instruction in Virginia Studies in elementary school, Civics and Economics in middle school, and at the conclusion of the following secondary courses: World History and Geography to 1500, World History and Geography 1500 to the Present, World Geography, and Virginia and U.S. History. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific history or social science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s History and Social Science Standards of Learning are designed to

  • develop the knowledge and skills of history, geography, civics, and economics that enable students to place the people, ideas, and events that have shaped our state and our nation in perspective;
  • instill in students a thoughtful pride in the history of America through an understanding that what “We the People of the United States” launched more than two centuries ago was not a perfect union, but a continual effort to build a “more perfect” union, one which has become the world’s most successful example of constitutional self-government;
  • enable students to understand the basic values, principles, and operation of American constitutional democracy;
  • prepare students for informed, responsible, and participatory citizenship;
  • develop students’ skills in debate, discussion, and writing; and
  • provide students with a framework for continuing education in history and the social sciences.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: History Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 28 78 50 22 26 76 49 24 23 84 60 16
Female 26 80 54 20 23 75 52 25 21 85 64 15
Male 30 76 46 24 29 77 47 23 25 82 57 18
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 15 76 61 24 12 57 45 43 8 63 55 37
Hispanic 14 71 57 29 16 75 59 25 17 79 63 21
White 44 85 41 15 38 82 45 18 31 90 60 10
Two or more races 16 58 42 42 24 71 48 29 11 95 84 5
Students with Disabilities 5 36 31 64 12 40 28 60 4 43 39 57
Economically Disadvantaged 11 68 57 32 13 65 52 35 18 77 59 23
English Learners 4 57 53 43 13 66 53 34 10 65 55 35
Civics & Econ Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 28 78 50 22 26 76 50 24 23 84 61 16
Female 26 80 54 20 23 75 52 25 21 85 64 15
Male 30 76 46 24 28 76 48 24 25 82 58 18
American Indian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Black 15 76 61 24 12 57 45 43 8 63 55 37
Hispanic 14 71 57 29 14 75 61 25 17 79 63 21
White 43 85 42 15 38 82 45 18 30 90 60 10
Two or more races 16 58 42 42 24 71 48 29 11 95 84 5
Students with Disabilities 3 32 30 68 8 38 29 63 2 42 40 58
Economically Disadvantaged 11 68 57 32 12 65 53 35 18 77 59 23
English Learners 4 57 53 43 10 65 55 35 10 65 55 35
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

2015-20162016-20172017-2018
State3,4624,2272,762
Division10253
School7212
Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Grade 53203400
Grade 63293280
Grade 7346339316
Grade 8311342316
Total Students1,3061,349632
Fall Membership by Grade
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2017 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status.

The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports.

A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:

  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.

.

Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2015-20162016-20172017-2018
All Students13061349632
Female625651305
Male681698327
American Indian11123
Asian333118
Black16415576
Hispanic432437200
White578602286
Two or more races8811249
Students with Disabilities219228105
Not Students with Disabilities10871121527
Economically Disadvantaged61720403
Not Economically Disadvantaged1245629229
English Learners238269109
Not English Learners10681080523
Homeless323713
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Multiple factors should be considered when comparing the level of school division expenditures for instruction and expenditures for non-instructional costs, such as administration, health services and pupil transportation. These factors include economies of scale, geographic size, and the number of students requiring special services. For example:

  • Smaller school divisions may have similar administrative and support costs as larger divisions but these non-instructional costs are spread over a smaller expenditure base.
  • Geographically large but sparsely populated school divisions may have higher per-pupil transportation costs because of travel distances and mountainous topography.
  • Divisions with large populations of at-risk or special needs students must provide support services that are required or that raise student achievement.
School Division - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year division
operating expenditures for instructional costs
68.1 68.1 67

Statewide Expenditures

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves.

Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.

School State - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
67.1 66.9 67.2

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances.

Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates.

The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.

School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20156,698.005,082.00806.00
2015-20166,567.005,091.001,066.00
2016-20176,595.005,409.001,054.00

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth’s public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources.

Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality’s share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth’s Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. .

While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.

 

State - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20155,950.004,802.00771.00
2015-20166,101.004,831.00812.00
2016-20176,268.005,033.00871.00

Learning Climate

Percent of Students Absent

Percent of Students Absent 2017-2018 School Year:

NOTE TO USERS: THIS DATA AND PRESENTATION ABOVE DO NOT REFLECT THE FORMULA USED TO CALCULATE CHRONIC ABSENTEEISM INDICATORS FOR STATE ACCREDITATION AND ESSA. THIS PRESENTATION WILL BE REVISED WITH THE ADDITION OF ESSA INDICATORS ON DECEMBER 31, 2018.

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:

  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can’t read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Subgroup 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%
All Students12141033318124585383612411024251608371519
Female59057151159646151960445222229814109
Male6244618764939231763757202931023510
American Indian1310011000111000000
Asian25001322003110119000
Black15014621531175136169670812
Hispanic409233242521664461576205452
Native Hawaiian0000
White53657211154047221952647223126719813
Two or more races798328443691224744612
Students with Disabilities18727173193221110191241216941254
Economically Disadvantaged674762515120181220790823641380321315
English Learners28017122448212821022111231
Homeless3415344911914461351118435
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2017-2018 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Offenses Against Staff <
Weapons Offenses <
Property Offenses <
All Other Offenses <
Other Offenses Against Persons 33
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses 45
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses 10
Offenses Against Student 10
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Short Term Suspensions

Short Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Short Term Suspensions
  2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions
American Indian0.8421.440.890.70.475
Asian2.5272.2982.8481.56
Black12.55735.2511.4926.0612.02521.88
Hispanic33.07819.4232.39419.0131.64631.25
Native Hawaiian
White44.25731.6544.62638.0345.25334.38
Two or more races6.73812.238.30216.27.75310.94
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Long Term Suspensions

Long Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Long Term Suspensions
  2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions
American Indian0.8420.890.475
Asian2.5272.2982.848
Black12.55711.4912.025
Hispanic33.07832.39431.646
Native Hawaiian
White44.25710044.62666.6745.253
Two or more races6.7388.30233.337.753
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Expulsions
  2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.8420.890.475
Asian2.5272.2982.848
Black12.55711.4912.025
Hispanic33.07832.39431.646
Native Hawaiian
White44.25744.62645.253
Two or more races6.7388.3027.753
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.

 

At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division.

Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals.

See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 60.9360.760.77
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level.

Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health.

Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children.

The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 33.6736.8532.84
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program.

School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children.

Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 87.2480.9480.12
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Teacher Quality

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  2016-20172017-2018
Provisional Special Education0%3%
Provisional6%6%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentage of teachers teaching with provisional or provisional special education credentials.

This table provides data on the percentage of classes not taught by teachers meeting the federal definition of highly qualified.

Federal education law defines a highly qualified teacher as a teacher who is fully licensed by the state, has at least a bachelor’s degree, has demonstrated competency in each subject taught, and is teaching in his or her area of endorsement.

Virginia’s licensure regulations – which emphasize content knowledge as well as pedagogy – require new teachers to far exceed the federal highly qualified standard.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2017-2018

The Virginia Department of Education reports annually on the percentage of teachers with bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate degrees in schools, school divisions, and the state by highest degree earned.

Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2015-201636%63%1%0%
2016-201738%61%1%0%
2017-201834%62%2%2%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
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