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Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state reading tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course (EOC) reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 61 80 20 17 62 79 21 16 62 78 22
Female 21 62 83 17 19 63 82 18 18 63 80 20
Male 16 60 77 23 15 61 76 24 14 60 75 25
American Indian 15 62 77 23 14 63 77 23 12 64 76 24
Asian 32 59 91 9 29 60 90 10 28 61 89 11
Black 9 58 67 33 8 59 67 33 8 57 65 35
Hispanic 13 58 71 29 10 58 67 33 9 57 66 34
Native Hawaiian 20 65 84 16 17 66 83 17 15 65 80 20
White 23 63 86 14 21 65 86 14 20 65 85 15
Two or more races 21 62 83 17 20 63 83 17 18 63 81 19
Students with Disabilities 11 37 47 53 11 38 48 52 11 36 47 53
Students without Disabilities 20 65 85 15 18 66 84 16 17 66 82 18
Economically Disadvantaged 10 57 67 33 8 58 66 34 8 57 65 35
Not Economically Disadvantaged 24 63 88 12 23 65 88 12 22 65 87 13
English Learners 11 53 64 36 3 33 36 64 3 32 35 65
Migrant 13 46 59 41 7 40 46 54 4 39 44 56
Homeless 8 50 58 42 6 48 54 46 5 47 52 48
Military Connected 23 66 88 12 21 66 87 13
Foster Care 15 52 67 33 16 55 71 29
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 56 75 25 18 54 72 28 17 54 71 29
Female 21 57 78 22 20 55 75 25 19 55 74 26
Male 17 55 72 28 16 54 70 30 15 52 68 32
American Indian 15 55 70 30 18 50 68 32 12 55 66 34
Asian 30 58 87 13 28 56 84 16 25 57 82 18
Black 10 51 61 39 10 50 60 40 9 48 57 43
Hispanic 16 50 66 34 10 49 59 41 9 46 55 45
Native Hawaiian 20 62 82 18 16 63 78 22 15 54 69 31
White 23 59 81 19 23 58 81 19 22 58 80 20
Two or more races 19 58 78 22 20 57 77 23 19 57 76 24
Students with Disabilities 14 35 49 51 12 34 46 54 12 32 44 56
Students without Disabilities 20 59 78 22 19 57 77 23 18 57 75 25
Economically Disadvantaged 12 51 62 38 10 50 59 41 9 48 57 43
Not Economically Disadvantaged 24 59 84 16 25 58 83 17 23 58 81 19
English Learners 16 48 64 36 4 41 45 55 3 38 41 59
Migrant 11 59 70 30 14 32 45 55 - 29 29 71
Homeless 11 44 55 45 7 41 48 52 6 38 44 56
Military Connected 25 59 84 16 23 59 82 18
Foster Care 23 42 65 35 20 47 67 33
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 22 57 79 21 19 57 76 24 18 58 75 25
Female 24 57 81 19 21 58 79 21 20 58 78 22
Male 20 56 76 24 17 56 74 26 16 57 73 27
American Indian 18 56 73 27 17 59 76 24 15 58 74 26
Asian 34 56 89 11 31 57 88 12 28 58 87 13
Black 11 55 67 33 10 54 64 36 9 53 62 38
Hispanic 15 55 70 30 11 53 64 36 10 54 64 36
Native Hawaiian 21 59 81 19 18 59 77 23 14 63 76 24
White 27 58 86 14 24 60 84 16 23 60 83 17
Two or more races 24 58 82 18 21 58 80 20 20 60 80 20
Students with Disabilities 13 38 50 50 12 36 48 52 12 35 47 53
Students without Disabilities 24 60 83 17 20 61 81 19 19 61 80 20
Economically Disadvantaged 12 55 67 33 10 54 64 36 9 54 63 37
Not Economically Disadvantaged 29 58 87 13 27 60 86 14 25 60 85 15
English Learners 14 53 67 33 3 43 45 55 3 42 45 55
Migrant 15 42 58 42 - 52 52 48 17 33 50 50
Homeless 10 49 59 41 6 44 50 50 6 44 50 50
Military Connected 25 62 87 13 23 63 86 14
Foster Care 19 50 69 31 24 51 75 25
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 26 56 81 19 24 56 80 20 23 55 78 22
Female 28 56 84 16 26 56 82 18 25 56 81 19
Male 23 56 79 21 22 55 78 22 21 55 76 24
American Indian 20 58 79 21 22 55 77 23 18 62 80 20
Asian 41 51 91 9 39 51 90 10 38 52 90 10
Black 14 57 71 29 13 56 69 31 11 55 66 34
Hispanic 16 57 73 27 15 54 69 31 13 54 67 33
Native Hawaiian 24 62 85 15 23 62 86 14 29 53 82 18
White 32 56 87 13 30 57 87 13 29 57 86 14
Two or more races 28 57 84 16 27 56 83 17 26 56 82 18
Students with Disabilities 13 39 51 49 12 38 50 50 12 36 49 51
Students without Disabilities 28 59 86 14 26 58 85 15 25 58 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 14 57 70 30 13 56 68 32 12 54 66 34
Not Economically Disadvantaged 34 55 89 11 33 56 89 11 32 56 87 13
English Learners 14 55 69 31 3 29 32 68 3 32 35 65
Migrant 6 39 44 56 13 39 52 48 3 39 42 58
Homeless 11 50 61 39 9 49 58 42 7 46 53 47
Military Connected 31 58 88 12 30 58 88 12
Foster Care 22 49 70 30 24 46 70 30
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 22 56 78 22 18 62 80 20 17 61 77 23
Female 24 57 81 19 20 63 83 17 18 62 81 19
Male 20 55 75 25 16 61 77 23 15 59 75 25
American Indian 14 61 76 24 15 66 81 19 13 60 73 27
Asian 40 52 92 8 33 58 91 9 31 60 91 9
Black 10 53 63 37 8 59 67 33 8 57 64 36
Hispanic 12 56 69 31 10 60 70 30 9 57 66 34
Native Hawaiian 22 62 84 16 17 72 89 11 13 69 82 18
White 28 58 85 15 23 64 87 13 21 64 85 15
Two or more races 25 57 81 19 21 63 84 16 19 62 80 20
Students with Disabilities 10 32 42 58 10 38 48 52 10 35 45 55
Students without Disabilities 24 60 84 16 20 66 85 15 18 65 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 10 54 64 36 8 60 68 32 8 57 65 35
Not Economically Disadvantaged 31 57 88 12 26 63 89 11 24 63 87 13
English Learners 11 55 66 34 2 22 25 75 3 21 24 76
Migrant 25 44 69 31 - 41 41 59 4 57 61 39
Homeless 7 48 55 45 4 51 56 44 5 50 55 45
Military Connected 23 66 90 10 21 66 87 13
Foster Care 16 53 69 31 15 56 72 28
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 18 64 82 18 18 63 81 19 17 63 79 21
Female 22 64 86 14 21 64 84 16 19 64 83 17
Male 14 65 78 22 16 62 78 22 15 62 76 24
American Indian 16 65 81 19 13 65 78 22 15 63 78 22
Asian 31 62 93 7 34 59 93 7 32 60 92 8
Black 9 61 69 31 9 60 69 31 7 59 67 33
Hispanic 11 62 73 27 10 60 70 30 9 60 69 31
Native Hawaiian 22 67 89 11 24 60 84 16 16 71 86 14
White 21 67 88 12 23 65 88 12 21 65 87 13
Two or more races 20 66 86 14 21 63 85 15 18 65 83 17
Students with Disabilities 9 38 47 53 10 39 49 51 9 38 47 53
Students without Disabilities 19 68 87 13 20 67 86 14 18 67 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 8 61 69 31 8 60 69 31 8 60 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 23 66 90 10 25 64 90 10 23 65 88 12
English Learners 7 60 67 33 2 24 27 73 3 23 26 74
Migrant 12 41 53 47 11 33 44 56 - 30 30 70
Homeless 6 54 61 39 5 49 54 46 5 49 54 46
Military Connected 24 67 91 9 22 68 89 11
Foster Care 14 47 61 39 15 56 71 29
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 60 76 24 13 64 77 23 12 64 76 24
Female 18 61 80 20 15 66 81 19 13 66 80 20
Male 13 59 72 28 12 63 74 26 10 62 73 27
American Indian 11 60 71 29 10 69 79 21 9 66 74 26
Asian 29 61 90 10 26 64 90 10 24 66 90 10
Black 7 52 59 41 6 57 63 37 5 57 62 38
Hispanic 10 55 65 35 7 58 65 35 6 59 65 35
Native Hawaiian 17 64 81 19 12 69 81 19 12 66 78 22
White 19 65 84 16 16 69 85 15 15 69 83 17
Two or more races 17 63 81 19 15 68 83 17 13 67 80 20
Students with Disabilities 8 29 37 63 9 33 42 58 9 32 42 58
Students without Disabilities 17 65 82 18 14 69 83 17 12 69 82 18
Economically Disadvantaged 6 53 59 41 6 57 62 38 5 57 62 38
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 64 85 15 18 69 87 13 16 69 86 14
English Learners 5 42 48 52 2 18 20 80 3 17 21 79
Migrant 17 25 42 58 11 33 44 56 6 35 41 59
Homeless 5 46 51 49 5 43 48 52 3 45 48 52
Military Connected 16 71 87 13 16 71 86 14
Foster Care 8 49 57 43 9 48 57 43
EOC English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 79 87 13 8 79 87 13 8 78 86 14
Female 9 80 89 11 8 80 89 11 9 79 88 12
Male 7 78 85 15 7 78 85 15 7 76 83 17
American Indian 10 79 89 11 4 79 83 17 3 82 85 15
Asian 15 78 93 7 12 79 91 9 15 77 91 9
Black 3 74 77 23 3 74 77 23 4 73 76 24
Hispanic 4 76 80 20 4 73 77 23 4 71 75 25
Native Hawaiian 11 76 87 13 10 79 89 11 8 82 89 11
White 10 82 92 8 10 82 92 8 10 82 92 8
Two or more races 10 82 91 9 9 82 90 10 9 80 90 10
Students with Disabilities 7 49 56 44 9 48 57 43 9 47 57 43
Students without Disabilities 8 83 91 9 7 83 90 10 8 82 89 11
Economically Disadvantaged 3 73 76 24 4 73 76 24 4 71 75 25
Not Economically Disadvantaged 10 82 92 8 10 82 92 8 11 81 91 9
English Learners 1 58 59 41 2 25 27 73 2 23 25 75
Migrant < < < < - 41 41 59 - 44 44 56
Homeless 2 67 69 31 3 64 67 33 3 60 63 37
Military Connected 8 85 93 7 9 83 93 7
Foster Care 5 69 74 26 7 72 79 21
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Writing Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state writing tests. Virginia students are assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in most high schools with a state end-of-course (EOC) writing test. If a high school administers a locally developed writing assessment, results are not included in this chart as scores on locally developed writing assessments are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 25 54 79 21 24 54 78 22 24 51 76 24
Female 30 54 84 16 29 54 84 16 29 52 81 19
Male 20 54 74 26 19 54 73 27 20 51 70 30
American Indian 23 57 79 21 17 60 77 23 18 54 72 28
Asian 48 43 92 8 48 44 91 9 48 44 91 9
Black 11 54 65 35 11 53 64 36 10 50 61 39
Hispanic 15 55 70 30 15 56 70 30 15 52 67 33
Native Hawaiian 25 58 83 17 25 60 85 15 31 49 80 20
White 30 55 85 15 29 55 84 16 30 53 83 17
Two or more races 28 54 82 18 27 54 81 19 27 52 79 21
Students with Disabilities 9 33 42 58 10 32 42 58 10 29 39 61
Students without Disabilities 27 57 84 16 26 57 83 17 26 54 81 19
Economically Disadvantaged 11 53 64 36 11 53 64 36 11 50 61 39
Not Economically Disadvantaged 32 54 86 14 32 54 86 14 32 52 84 16
English Learners 6 47 52 48 3 24 27 73 4 19 23 77
Migrant - 65 65 35 8 46 54 46 13 26 39 61
Homeless 7 48 55 45 8 45 53 47 7 39 46 54
Military Connected 29 57 86 14 30 54 84 16
Foster Care 10 50 61 39 18 43 62 38
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 50 73 27 22 51 73 27 22 49 70 30
Female 29 51 80 20 28 52 80 20 27 51 77 23
Male 17 50 67 33 17 49 66 34 17 47 64 36
American Indian 16 53 69 31 14 57 71 29 14 52 66 34
Asian 48 42 90 10 48 43 91 9 48 44 92 8
Black 10 47 57 43 10 46 56 44 9 43 53 47
Hispanic 14 50 64 36 14 52 66 34 14 49 63 37
Native Hawaiian 22 59 81 19 20 61 82 18 28 46 74 26
White 27 53 80 20 25 53 78 22 25 52 77 23
Two or more races 26 52 77 23 25 51 75 25 24 49 73 27
Students with Disabilities 8 25 34 66 8 25 33 67 8 23 31 69
Students without Disabilities 25 54 80 20 24 54 79 21 24 53 76 24
Economically Disadvantaged 10 47 57 43 10 47 57 43 10 45 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 31 52 83 17 29 52 82 18 29 51 80 20
English Learners 6 41 47 53 4 22 26 74 7 18 25 75
Migrant - 64 64 36 17 33 50 50 < < < <
Homeless 7 41 48 52 8 38 46 54 5 35 40 60
Military Connected 27 55 82 18 28 53 81 19
Foster Care 9 45 54 46 11 36 47 53
EOC Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 27 57 84 16 26 58 84 16 27 54 81 19
Female 31 57 88 12 31 57 87 13 32 53 85 15
Male 23 58 81 19 22 58 80 20 23 55 78 22
American Indian 28 60 88 12 20 63 82 18 22 56 78 22
Asian 49 44 93 7 47 44 92 8 47 44 91 9
Black 11 61 72 28 11 61 72 28 12 58 69 31
Hispanic 17 60 77 23 15 60 74 26 16 55 71 29
Native Hawaiian 27 58 85 15 30 59 88 12 35 53 88 12
White 33 56 90 10 33 57 90 10 36 53 89 11
Two or more races 31 57 88 12 29 59 88 12 30 55 86 14
Students with Disabilities 11 41 52 48 12 40 52 48 13 37 50 50
Students without Disabilities 29 59 88 12 28 60 88 12 29 56 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 11 60 72 28 12 60 72 28 13 56 69 31
Not Economically Disadvantaged 34 56 90 10 34 56 90 10 36 53 88 12
English Learners 5 53 58 42 2 26 28 72 3 20 22 78
Migrant < < < < - 58 58 42 14 36 50 50
Homeless 8 54 62 38 8 53 60 40 9 45 54 46
Military Connected 31 59 91 9 33 56 89 11
Foster Care 12 56 67 33 24 50 74 26
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Math Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state mathematics tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of secondary courses (Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 62 79 21 17 61 77 23 16 66 82 18
Female 17 64 81 19 16 63 79 21 16 68 84 16
Male 17 60 77 23 17 58 75 25 16 64 80 20
American Indian 13 63 77 23 13 60 73 27 13 66 79 21
Asian 39 54 93 7 39 52 92 8 38 56 94 6
Black 7 59 66 34 7 57 64 36 7 63 70 30
Hispanic 10 61 71 29 10 58 68 32 9 65 74 26
Native Hawaiian 19 67 86 14 19 64 83 17 18 69 87 13
White 21 65 86 14 20 64 84 16 19 69 88 12
Two or more races 19 63 82 18 18 62 80 20 17 67 85 15
Students with Disabilities 9 39 48 52 10 37 47 53 10 45 55 45
Students without Disabilities 18 65 84 16 18 64 82 18 17 69 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 8 59 68 32 8 57 66 34 8 64 72 28
Not Economically Disadvantaged 23 64 87 13 23 63 86 14 22 67 89 11
English Learners 11 57 68 32 5 44 49 51 5 54 59 41
Migrant 9 56 65 35 6 54 61 39 7 57 64 36
Homeless 5 51 57 43 5 46 51 49 5 54 58 42
Military Connected 21 65 86 14 20 70 90 10
Foster Care 15 49 64 36 15 59 75 25
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 18 57 75 25 18 55 73 27 19 63 82 18
Female 17 58 75 25 16 57 73 27 17 65 82 18
Male 19 56 75 25 19 54 73 27 21 62 83 17
American Indian 19 52 70 30 15 56 70 30 17 66 83 17
Asian 35 55 90 10 33 54 87 13 36 57 93 7
Black 8 53 61 39 8 50 58 42 9 61 70 30
Hispanic 11 54 65 35 11 52 63 37 11 63 74 26
Native Hawaiian 16 63 79 21 18 62 80 20 19 65 83 17
White 22 60 82 18 22 59 81 19 24 65 89 11
Two or more races 20 58 77 23 19 58 77 23 21 64 85 15
Students with Disabilities 12 34 46 54 12 33 45 55 13 44 57 43
Students without Disabilities 19 61 79 21 18 59 77 23 20 66 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 9 54 62 38 9 51 61 39 10 63 73 27
Not Economically Disadvantaged 25 60 84 16 24 59 83 17 26 63 90 10
English Learners 11 54 64 36 7 47 54 46 7 61 68 32
Migrant 7 53 60 40 9 27 36 64 - 53 53 47
Homeless 5 45 51 49 5 39 44 56 6 52 58 42
Military Connected 24 60 84 16 26 65 91 9
Foster Care 21 44 65 35 17 62 79 21
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 27 54 81 19 26 53 79 21 20 63 83 17
Female 24 57 82 18 23 56 80 20 18 66 84 16
Male 30 51 81 19 28 51 79 21 22 61 83 17
American Indian 21 53 74 26 24 51 75 25 20 64 83 17
Asian 50 43 93 7 50 43 92 8 41 53 94 6
Black 13 56 69 31 12 55 66 34 9 62 71 29
Hispanic 17 56 73 27 15 55 70 30 12 65 77 23
Native Hawaiian 29 58 87 13 32 47 79 21 22 64 86 14
White 33 54 88 12 32 54 86 14 25 64 89 11
Two or more races 30 53 83 17 28 54 82 18 22 64 86 14
Students with Disabilities 13 38 51 49 15 36 51 49 13 44 57 43
Students without Disabilities 29 57 86 14 28 56 84 16 22 66 88 12
Economically Disadvantaged 14 57 71 29 14 55 69 31 10 65 74 26
Not Economically Disadvantaged 36 53 89 11 36 52 88 12 28 62 90 10
English Learners 17 55 72 28 8 51 59 41 6 62 68 32
Migrant 16 52 68 32 6 55 61 39 16 48 64 36
Homeless 9 51 60 40 7 45 52 48 6 55 61 39
Military Connected 32 54 87 13 25 66 91 9
Foster Care 27 40 68 32 22 57 79 21
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 55 79 21 24 53 77 23 17 64 81 19
Female 25 56 81 19 24 54 78 22 17 66 82 18
Male 24 54 78 22 24 51 75 25 18 62 80 20
American Indian 20 59 80 20 18 49 67 33 16 63 79 21
Asian 45 46 91 9 46 44 90 10 37 56 93 7
Black 12 55 67 33 11 52 63 37 8 62 70 30
Hispanic 16 57 72 28 15 53 69 31 10 64 74 26
Native Hawaiian 27 62 89 11 24 56 81 19 26 57 83 17
White 30 55 86 14 31 54 84 16 22 66 88 12
Two or more races 25 56 81 19 25 53 79 21 18 65 84 16
Students with Disabilities 11 37 48 52 12 34 46 54 10 44 54 46
Students without Disabilities 27 58 85 15 26 56 82 18 18 68 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 13 56 69 31 14 52 66 34 9 63 72 28
Not Economically Disadvantaged 33 54 87 13 33 53 86 14 24 65 89 11
English Learners 15 56 71 29 5 38 43 57 4 50 54 46
Migrant - 47 47 53 22 35 57 43 9 48 58 42
Homeless 9 50 60 40 8 43 51 49 6 52 58 42
Military Connected 32 53 85 15 23 67 89 11
Foster Care 23 42 65 35 23 55 78 22
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 15 67 82 18 13 66 79 21 14 63 78 22
Female 14 70 84 16 13 69 81 19 14 66 80 20
Male 15 65 80 20 13 64 77 23 14 61 76 24
American Indian 11 69 80 20 7 72 79 21 9 65 74 26
Asian 34 60 95 5 29 63 93 7 35 58 92 8
Black 6 63 70 30 6 60 66 34 6 57 64 36
Hispanic 9 67 76 24 7 64 72 28 9 62 71 29
Native Hawaiian 15 74 89 11 17 68 85 15 16 73 89 11
White 18 70 88 12 16 70 86 14 18 68 85 15
Two or more races 15 69 84 16 13 68 82 18 14 65 80 20
Students with Disabilities 9 44 53 47 10 41 51 49 10 39 49 51
Students without Disabilities 16 72 87 13 13 71 84 16 15 68 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 7 65 72 28 6 63 69 31 8 60 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 69 90 10 18 69 88 12 20 67 87 13
English Learners 10 66 76 24 4 40 44 56 5 39 43 57
Migrant 15 70 85 15 - 59 59 41 14 59 72 28
Homeless 4 56 60 40 3 48 52 48 5 47 52 48
Military Connected 16 73 88 12 17 70 87 13
Foster Care 20 51 71 29 23 47 70 30
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 15 56 71 29 14 55 69 31 15 63 78 22
Female 16 59 74 26 14 58 72 28 14 67 81 19
Male 15 53 68 32 14 52 66 34 15 60 75 25
American Indian 9 60 70 30 10 52 62 38 14 64 77 23
Asian 41 50 91 9 40 52 91 9 40 53 93 7
Black 6 46 52 48 5 44 49 51 5 57 63 37
Hispanic 7 53 60 40 7 50 57 43 8 62 69 31
Native Hawaiian 18 67 85 15 15 61 76 24 12 75 87 13
White 18 61 79 21 16 61 77 23 17 68 85 15
Two or more races 16 58 75 25 15 56 71 29 15 65 81 19
Students with Disabilities 10 29 39 61 11 27 38 62 11 39 49 51
Students without Disabilities 16 61 77 23 15 60 74 26 15 68 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 6 49 55 45 6 47 53 47 6 60 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 60 82 18 20 60 80 20 21 66 87 13
English Learners 9 50 59 41 4 26 30 70 5 39 44 56
Migrant 6 31 38 63 - 50 50 50 - 48 48 52
Homeless 4 39 43 57 4 34 38 62 4 48 52 48
Military Connected 15 65 80 20 15 72 87 13
Foster Care 6 35 41 59 10 62 71 29
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 64 74 26 9 62 71 29 11 65 77 23
Female 10 67 77 23 9 66 76 24 12 68 80 20
Male 9 61 70 30 9 59 67 33 11 63 74 26
American Indian 11 63 74 26 3 64 67 33 8 68 75 25
Asian 27 64 91 9 26 62 88 12 31 61 92 8
Black 4 56 60 40 4 54 59 41 5 59 65 35
Hispanic 6 61 67 33 6 58 63 37 7 63 70 30
Native Hawaiian 11 69 79 21 11 73 85 15 15 69 84 16
White 12 69 81 19 11 68 79 21 14 69 83 17
Two or more races 11 68 78 22 10 66 76 24 13 67 80 20
Students with Disabilities 8 34 42 58 10 31 41 59 10 38 48 52
Students without Disabilities 10 70 80 20 9 69 78 22 12 70 82 18
Economically Disadvantaged 4 58 63 37 5 56 61 39 6 61 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 69 83 17 13 68 81 19 16 69 85 15
English Learners 6 56 63 37 3 33 36 64 6 39 45 55
Migrant - 75 75 25 6 61 67 33 7 57 64 36
Homeless 2 49 51 49 4 40 44 56 4 49 53 47
Military Connected 11 72 83 17 15 74 89 11
Foster Care 9 49 59 41 16 50 66 34
Algebra I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 9 73 82 18 10 70 81 19 13 73 86 14
Female 10 76 86 14 12 73 84 16 15 74 89 11
Male 8 71 79 21 9 68 77 23 11 72 83 17
American Indian 6 73 79 21 7 69 77 23 11 71 82 18
Asian 31 64 95 5 34 59 94 6 40 56 96 4
Black 2 70 73 27 3 67 70 30 5 75 79 21
Hispanic 4 70 75 25 5 66 71 29 7 72 79 21
Native Hawaiian 12 79 91 9 12 78 89 11 15 80 95 5
White 11 76 88 12 12 74 86 14 15 74 90 10
Two or more races 10 75 85 15 12 72 84 16 14 74 88 12
Students with Disabilities 1 52 54 46 2 50 52 48 2 64 66 34
Students without Disabilities 10 76 86 14 12 73 84 16 15 74 89 11
Economically Disadvantaged 3 70 73 27 4 67 71 29 6 74 79 21
Not Economically Disadvantaged 13 75 89 11 15 72 87 13 18 72 90 10
English Learners 4 66 70 30 1 54 55 45 3 65 67 33
Migrant 6 59 65 35 3 76 79 21 - 71 71 29
Homeless 1 62 63 37 1 58 59 41 2 66 68 32
Military Connected 12 76 87 13 17 75 92 8
Foster Care 2 62 64 36 6 68 74 26
Geometry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 13 65 78 22 13 65 77 23 14 69 83 17
Female 13 67 80 20 13 66 79 21 14 71 85 15
Male 12 64 77 23 13 63 76 24 14 68 82 18
American Indian 8 70 78 22 7 66 73 27 9 67 76 24
Asian 37 56 93 7 38 54 92 8 37 57 95 5
Black 3 59 62 38 3 58 61 39 4 66 69 31
Hispanic 7 62 69 31 7 60 67 33 7 66 73 27
Native Hawaiian 16 62 79 21 13 71 84 16 16 72 87 13
White 15 71 85 15 14 70 85 15 16 74 90 10
Two or more races 15 67 82 18 14 67 81 19 15 71 87 13
Students with Disabilities 2 42 44 56 2 42 44 56 3 49 52 48
Students without Disabilities 14 68 82 18 14 67 81 19 15 71 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 4 60 64 36 4 60 64 36 5 66 71 29
Not Economically Disadvantaged 17 68 85 15 17 68 85 15 18 71 89 11
English Learners 5 51 56 44 2 40 42 58 1 42 44 56
Migrant - 75 75 25 - 55 55 45 5 63 68 32
Homeless 4 49 53 47 2 49 51 49 3 55 58 42
Military Connected 15 71 86 14 16 73 90 10
Foster Care 5 53 57 43 8 68 76 24
Algebra II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 66 90 10 23 65 89 11 19 72 91 9
Female 23 67 90 10 23 66 89 11 18 73 91 9
Male 24 64 89 11 24 64 88 12 20 71 91 9
American Indian 14 70 84 16 20 69 89 11 15 73 88 12
Asian 50 46 96 4 50 45 95 5 42 54 97 3
Black 10 73 83 17 10 73 82 18 8 77 85 15
Hispanic 15 68 83 17 16 66 81 19 12 72 85 15
Native Hawaiian 25 67 92 8 27 62 89 11 14 74 88 13
White 26 66 92 8 25 66 91 9 19 74 94 6
Two or more races 25 66 91 9 24 64 88 12 18 74 92 8
Students with Disabilities 9 60 69 31 8 60 69 31 7 64 71 29
Students without Disabilities 25 66 91 9 24 65 90 10 20 72 92 8
Economically Disadvantaged 13 71 84 16 13 70 82 18 10 75 85 15
Not Economically Disadvantaged 28 64 92 8 28 63 91 9 22 71 93 7
English Learners 13 63 76 24 8 55 63 37 4 55 59 41
Migrant < < < < 6 67 72 28 < < 100 0
Homeless 8 66 74 26 9 62 71 29 8 61 68 32
Military Connected 27 65 92 8 18 76 94 6
Foster Care 12 71 83 17 7 72 78 22
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Science Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state science tests. Virginia students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of secondary courses (Earth Science, Biology and Chemistry) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 15 67 82 18 15 66 81 19 17 64 81 19
Female 14 68 82 18 14 68 82 18 15 66 81 19
Male 16 65 82 18 16 65 81 19 18 63 81 19
American Indian 11 70 81 19 11 68 79 21 13 65 78 22
Asian 31 61 92 8 31 61 92 8 35 58 93 7
Black 5 63 68 32 5 62 67 33 6 61 67 33
Hispanic 8 63 71 29 8 63 70 30 9 61 70 30
Native Hawaiian 15 73 88 12 14 73 86 14 17 69 86 14
White 19 70 89 11 19 70 89 11 21 68 89 11
Two or more races 17 69 86 14 17 68 85 15 18 66 84 16
Students with Disabilities 7 44 52 48 7 44 50 50 8 43 51 49
Students without Disabilities 16 70 86 14 16 69 86 14 18 67 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 6 62 69 31 6 62 69 31 7 61 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 69 90 10 20 69 89 11 22 67 89 11
English Learners 6 53 58 42 1 35 36 64 2 36 38 62
Migrant - 57 57 43 4 46 50 50 5 45 51 49
Homeless 4 52 57 43 4 50 54 46 4 49 53 47
Military Connected 19 71 90 10 21 69 90 10
Foster Care 9 58 67 33 12 59 71 29
Grade 5 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 55 79 21 21 59 79 21 23 56 79 21
Female 22 56 78 22 19 60 79 21 21 58 79 21
Male 25 54 79 21 22 57 80 20 25 55 79 21
American Indian 16 63 78 22 15 59 73 27 25 54 80 20
Asian 40 50 90 10 37 54 91 9 41 51 92 8
Black 11 54 65 35 9 56 66 34 10 55 65 35
Hispanic 12 55 67 33 11 58 70 30 13 56 69 31
Native Hawaiian 23 64 88 12 23 59 82 18 24 57 80 20
White 30 57 86 14 27 60 87 13 29 57 87 13
Two or more races 25 57 82 18 23 60 82 18 24 58 83 17
Students with Disabilities 11 38 48 52 10 39 49 51 11 38 50 50
Students without Disabilities 25 58 83 17 23 62 84 16 25 59 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 11 54 66 34 11 57 68 32 12 55 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 32 56 88 12 29 60 88 12 31 57 88 12
English Learners 11 52 64 36 2 36 39 61 4 40 44 56
Migrant - 40 40 60 13 48 61 39 12 39 52 48
Homeless 9 45 54 46 6 46 52 48 8 45 53 47
Military Connected 26 62 88 12 30 59 88 12
Foster Care 18 51 69 31 28 45 74 26
Grade 8 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 12 67 79 21 11 67 78 22 15 63 78 22
Female 11 69 79 21 9 69 78 22 13 65 78 22
Male 14 66 79 21 13 65 77 23 17 62 78 22
American Indian 11 69 80 20 7 67 75 25 9 66 75 25
Asian 28 65 92 8 24 68 92 8 32 60 92 8
Black 4 59 63 37 4 58 61 39 5 58 62 38
Hispanic 6 61 67 33 6 60 65 35 7 59 66 34
Native Hawaiian 9 77 86 14 10 74 84 16 17 67 83 17
White 15 72 87 13 14 72 86 14 19 68 87 13
Two or more races 14 70 84 16 12 70 82 18 16 65 82 18
Students with Disabilities 8 41 48 52 7 37 44 56 8 38 46 54
Students without Disabilities 13 71 84 16 12 71 83 17 16 67 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 4 59 64 36 4 58 62 38 6 59 64 36
Not Economically Disadvantaged 17 72 88 12 16 72 87 13 21 67 88 12
English Learners 3 48 50 50 1 23 24 76 3 24 27 73
Migrant - 43 43 57 - 38 38 63 7 27 33 67
Homeless 3 49 52 48 3 45 48 52 3 45 48 52
Military Connected 14 74 88 12 19 71 89 11
Foster Care 7 49 56 44 7 49 56 44
Biology Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 68 82 18 15 67 82 18 15 68 83 17
Female 13 71 84 16 15 69 84 16 15 70 85 15
Male 15 66 81 19 16 64 80 20 16 65 81 19
American Indian 10 71 81 19 10 73 83 17 11 70 80 20
Asian 29 65 93 7 33 60 93 7 32 62 94 6
Black 4 65 69 31 4 64 68 32 4 65 69 31
Hispanic 7 64 71 29 7 63 70 30 7 64 71 29
Native Hawaiian 15 72 87 13 13 77 90 10 13 79 92 8
White 19 71 90 10 20 70 90 10 20 71 91 9
Two or more races 16 71 87 13 18 70 87 13 17 70 87 13
Students with Disabilities 3 47 50 50 3 46 49 51 3 47 50 50
Students without Disabilities 16 71 87 13 17 69 86 14 17 70 87 13
Economically Disadvantaged 4 65 69 31 5 63 69 31 5 65 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 70 90 10 21 69 90 10 21 69 90 10
English Learners 2 51 53 47 - 35 36 64 - 35 35 65
Migrant - 60 60 40 - 39 39 61 - 56 56 44
Homeless 2 53 56 44 2 53 55 45 3 51 54 46
Military Connected 20 71 91 9 19 72 92 8
Foster Care 6 60 66 34 9 65 74 26
Chemistry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 18 71 89 11 19 70 89 11 23 65 88 12
Female 17 73 89 11 17 72 89 11 21 67 88 12
Male 20 70 90 10 21 68 89 11 26 63 89 11
American Indian 8 77 85 15 12 72 84 16 12 60 72 28
Asian 37 58 95 5 38 57 95 5 43 53 96 4
Black 7 73 80 20 7 74 80 20 8 70 78 22
Hispanic 10 70 80 20 10 69 80 20 11 67 78 22
Native Hawaiian 19 74 93 7 15 73 88 12 22 72 94 6
White 20 73 93 7 21 71 92 8 26 66 92 8
Two or more races 18 72 91 9 20 70 90 10 25 65 90 10
Students with Disabilities 8 57 65 35 7 58 66 34 8 58 66 34
Students without Disabilities 19 72 91 9 19 70 90 10 24 65 89 11
Economically Disadvantaged 8 72 80 20 8 72 80 20 10 67 77 23
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 71 92 8 23 69 92 8 28 64 92 8
English Learners 8 62 70 30 2 50 52 48 2 48 50 50
Migrant < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Homeless 5 73 78 22 5 61 66 34 2 58 59 41
Military Connected 21 71 92 8 22 68 90 10
Foster Care 15 71 86 14 - 71 71 29
Earth Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 74 82 18 8 73 81 19 8 73 81 19
Female 8 75 83 17 7 74 81 19 7 74 80 20
Male 9 73 82 18 9 72 81 19 9 72 81 19
American Indian 7 75 82 18 10 74 83 17 6 73 80 20
Asian 17 74 91 9 17 73 90 10 15 73 88 12
Black 2 67 69 31 2 66 68 32 2 67 68 32
Hispanic 4 70 74 26 3 67 71 29 3 66 69 31
Native Hawaiian 9 80 89 11 7 81 88 12 13 73 87 13
White 12 78 91 9 12 78 90 10 11 78 89 11
Two or more races 9 78 87 13 9 77 86 14 9 77 85 15
Students with Disabilities 2 52 54 46 2 52 54 46 2 51 53 47
Students without Disabilities 9 77 87 13 9 76 86 14 9 76 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 3 68 71 29 3 67 70 30 3 67 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 12 78 90 10 12 77 89 11 11 78 89 11
English Learners 1 56 57 43 - 39 39 61 - 38 39 61
Migrant - 77 77 23 3 47 50 50 - 43 43 57
Homeless 2 57 59 41 1 55 56 44 2 54 55 45
Military Connected 12 80 91 9 11 81 92 8
Foster Care 4 63 67 33 8 67 74 26
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

History Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state tests in history/social science. Virginia students are assessed in history/social science once in elementary school (Virginia Studies), once in middle school (Civics and Economics) and at the end of secondary courses (Geography, World History I, World History II and Virginia and United States History) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 26 60 86 14 24 60 84 16 22 58 80 20
Female 24 62 86 14 22 62 84 16 20 59 79 21
Male 28 58 86 14 26 58 84 16 25 56 80 20
American Indian 23 63 86 14 20 61 81 19 20 61 81 19
Asian 45 50 95 5 42 52 95 5 42 52 93 7
Black 13 62 75 25 12 61 72 28 10 55 66 34
Hispanic 18 62 80 20 16 61 77 23 14 58 72 28
Native Hawaiian 25 63 88 12 26 62 88 12 22 65 86 14
White 31 60 91 9 29 60 90 10 28 59 87 13
Two or more races 29 60 89 11 26 61 87 13 25 58 83 17
Students with Disabilities 11 48 59 41 11 46 57 43 10 42 52 48
Students without Disabilities 28 61 90 10 26 62 88 12 24 60 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 14 62 75 25 13 60 73 27 12 56 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 33 59 92 8 31 60 91 9 29 59 88 12
English Learners 15 57 72 28 7 46 52 48 6 42 47 53
Migrant 15 56 70 30 11 52 62 38 7 46 53 47
Homeless 10 56 65 35 8 51 59 41 7 46 53 47
Military Connected 30 61 91 9 30 59 89 11
Foster Care 17 51 68 32 19 45 64 36
VA & US History Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 69 86 14 15 69 84 16 7 61 68 32
Female 14 70 85 15 12 71 83 17 6 61 66 34
Male 20 67 87 13 17 68 86 14 8 61 69 31
American Indian 10 78 88 12 11 70 81 19 10 56 65 35
Asian 28 65 93 7 24 68 92 8 15 67 82 18
Black 7 68 75 25 6 68 74 26 3 52 55 45
Hispanic 11 68 79 21 9 66 75 25 4 56 60 40
Native Hawaiian 9 75 85 15 15 71 86 14 7 67 74 26
White 22 69 91 9 19 71 90 10 10 68 78 22
Two or more races 20 70 90 10 15 72 88 12 7 67 74 26
Students with Disabilities 5 53 59 41 5 51 56 44 2 34 36 64
Students without Disabilities 19 70 89 11 16 72 88 12 8 65 73 27
Economically Disadvantaged 7 67 74 26 7 66 73 27 3 52 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 69 91 9 19 71 91 9 10 68 78 22
English Learners 4 60 64 36 1 37 38 62 - 28 28 72
Migrant 10 60 70 30 11 33 44 56 - 64 64 36
Homeless 5 59 64 36 3 59 61 39 1 40 41 59
Military Connected 17 74 91 9 10 74 84 16
Foster Care 11 58 70 30 4 40 44 56
World History I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 18 67 85 15 19 63 82 18 17 63 80 20
Female 16 69 85 15 17 65 82 18 16 64 80 20
Male 20 65 85 15 20 61 82 18 19 61 80 20
American Indian 19 65 83 17 18 60 77 23 15 63 78 22
Asian 39 57 96 4 40 55 95 5 37 58 95 5
Black 7 66 73 27 7 62 69 31 7 59 66 34
Hispanic 11 67 78 22 12 61 73 27 10 62 72 28
Native Hawaiian 25 64 89 11 28 60 88 12 16 73 89 11
White 22 69 91 9 24 65 89 11 22 65 87 13
Two or more races 20 69 89 11 20 65 86 14 19 65 84 16
Students with Disabilities 5 53 58 42 5 50 55 45 5 47 52 48
Students without Disabilities 20 69 89 11 21 65 86 14 19 65 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 8 66 74 26 8 62 70 30 8 59 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 24 67 92 8 26 64 90 10 23 65 88 12
English Learners 6 62 68 32 2 48 50 50 2 47 48 52
Migrant 10 80 90 10 5 68 73 27 - 46 46 54
Homeless 4 60 64 36 6 48 54 46 4 51 54 46
Military Connected 25 66 91 9 24 66 91 9
Foster Care 13 46 59 41 4 48 52 48
World History II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 62 87 13 19 64 84 16 17 64 81 19
Female 20 65 85 15 15 66 82 18 13 66 80 20
Male 29 59 88 12 23 63 86 14 21 62 83 17
American Indian 16 67 83 17 17 63 79 21 16 66 82 18
Asian 42 53 95 5 32 61 93 7 30 63 93 7
Black 10 67 77 23 8 65 73 27 7 63 70 30
Hispanic 15 63 78 22 12 63 75 25 11 62 72 28
Native Hawaiian 19 68 86 14 18 70 88 12 17 71 88 12
White 29 62 91 9 23 65 88 12 21 66 87 13
Two or more races 26 63 88 12 20 65 85 15 18 65 83 17
Students with Disabilities 10 50 60 40 8 48 56 44 8 45 53 47
Students without Disabilities 26 63 89 11 20 66 86 14 18 66 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 11 64 75 25 9 63 72 28 8 60 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 30 62 91 9 24 65 89 11 21 66 87 13
English Learners 8 57 65 35 2 44 45 55 1 37 38 62
Migrant 10 60 70 30 18 55 73 27 < < < <
Homeless 6 55 61 39 5 50 55 45 3 44 47 53
Military Connected 22 67 90 10 22 65 87 13
Foster Care 10 56 66 34 5 46 51 49
Geography Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 13 69 83 17 11 71 82 18 9 70 80 20
Female 11 71 82 18 9 73 82 18 8 72 80 20
Male 16 67 83 17 12 70 82 18 11 68 79 21
American Indian 11 77 89 11 6 83 90 10 14 81 95 5
Asian 24 69 93 7 20 74 94 6 18 75 92 8
Black 3 63 66 34 3 63 66 34 2 59 61 39
Hispanic 9 69 78 22 7 66 72 28 5 65 69 31
Native Hawaiian 9 82 91 9 10 82 92 8 8 85 92 8
White 18 71 89 11 14 75 89 11 13 75 88 12
Two or more races 14 73 87 13 11 76 87 13 12 74 86 14
Students with Disabilities 2 46 48 52 2 45 47 53 2 43 45 55
Students without Disabilities 15 72 87 13 12 74 86 14 10 74 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 4 66 70 30 4 66 70 30 4 63 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 72 92 8 16 75 91 9 14 76 90 10
English Learners 3 56 59 41 1 36 37 63 1 37 37 63
Migrant < < < < - 50 50 50 - 50 50 50
Homeless 2 57 59 41 3 52 55 45 1 49 50 50
Military Connected 13 78 92 8 12 77 89 11
Foster Care 8 53 61 39 10 59 68 32
Civics & Econ Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 29 58 87 13 28 57 86 14 25 57 82 18
Female 28 59 87 13 28 59 87 13 25 58 83 17
Male 29 57 86 14 28 56 85 15 26 56 82 18
American Indian 27 60 88 12 21 63 84 16 20 63 83 17
Asian 52 45 97 3 51 45 96 4 50 46 95 5
Black 13 62 75 25 13 62 74 26 11 57 68 32
Hispanic 18 62 80 20 18 61 79 21 15 60 75 25
Native Hawaiian 26 65 91 9 29 65 94 6 27 63 89 11
White 35 57 91 9 34 56 90 10 31 58 89 11
Two or more races 31 58 89 11 30 58 88 12 27 57 84 16
Students with Disabilities 7 47 54 46 7 45 52 48 5 42 48 52
Students without Disabilities 32 59 91 9 31 59 90 10 28 59 87 13
Economically Disadvantaged 13 63 76 24 13 61 75 25 11 59 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 38 55 93 7 37 55 92 8 34 56 90 10
English Learners 10 61 71 29 2 42 45 55 2 36 37 63
Migrant 8 58 67 33 < < < < - 58 58 42
Homeless 9 57 65 35 8 53 60 40 6 51 56 44
Military Connected 32 61 93 7 32 60 92 8
Foster Care 14 53 67 33 20 48 67 33
VA Studies Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 43 44 87 13 40 45 85 15 36 45 81 19
Female 41 46 87 13 38 47 85 15 32 48 80 20
Male 46 41 87 13 42 43 85 15 39 43 82 18
American Indian 43 43 86 14 35 46 81 19 31 52 84 16
Asian 65 32 96 4 64 32 96 4 59 35 94 6
Black 28 49 77 23 23 50 73 27 18 47 66 34
Hispanic 33 50 84 16 31 51 82 18 26 51 77 23
Native Hawaiian 47 44 90 10 42 40 82 18 30 52 82 18
White 50 41 91 9 47 43 90 10 43 44 87 13
Two or more races 44 43 88 12 41 45 86 14 36 46 83 17
Students with Disabilities 17 43 60 40 16 41 58 42 14 38 52 48
Students without Disabilities 47 44 90 10 44 45 89 11 39 46 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 27 51 78 22 25 51 76 24 21 49 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 54 39 92 8 51 41 92 8 47 42 89 11
English Learners 33 51 84 16 18 54 72 28 14 51 65 35
Migrant 20 47 67 33 21 47 68 32 20 28 48 52
Homeless 19 50 69 31 14 47 61 39 13 44 57 43
Military Connected 47 44 91 9 44 45 89 11
Foster Care 35 39 75 25 42 36 78 22
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

2016-20172017-20182018-2019
State4,2272,7623,719
Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

Student Group Below Basic Basic Proficient Advanced Virginia Students at or Above Proficient Nation at or Above Proficient

NAEP Participation Rate

Student Group Virginia Participation Rate

Virginia Alternate Assessment Program Participation Rates

Reading
Subject Area Number of Students Taking VAAP Tests Total Number of Students Percent of Students Taking VAAP Tests
Number and percentage of students participating in the Virginia Alternate Assessment Program.

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2017-20182018-20192019-2020
Pre-kindergarten34,64534,67535,272
Kindergarten91,09691,14092,421
Grade 194,32694,05794,396
Grade 294,18094,18294,805
Grade 396,95594,44994,690
Grade 499,31496,86595,349
Grade 599,56299,59397,624
Grade 697,62999,804100,340
Grade 796,65897,884100,576
Grade 896,91796,78298,593
Grade 9103,968104,836106,342
Grade 1099,58798,849100,022
Grade 1194,92393,77793,821
Grade 1293,16993,81194,022
Post Graduate1206365
Total Students1,293,0491,290,7671,298,338

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2019 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status. The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:
  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.
.
Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2017-20182018-20192019-2020
All Students129304912907671298338
Female627308625434629197
Male665741665333669141
American Indian348934123378
Asian903849212293585
Black289170286032283543
Hispanic203413208739221004
Native Hawaiian204721362159
White632927624738617391
Two or more races716197358877278
Students with Disabilities167540170750175524
Students without Disabilities112550911200171122814
Economically Disadvantaged530457520827518950
Not Economically Disadvantaged762592769940779388
English Learners159152162385167347
Not English Learners113389711283821130991
Migrant335310207
Homeless101401005710268
Military Connected658016587967558
Foster Care284528132946
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

College & Career Readiness

Diplomas and Completion

Class of 2019: All Students

Most Virginia students earn either an Advanced Studies Diploma or a Standard Diploma.

To graduate with an Advanced Studies Diploma, a student must earn at least 26 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives and at least nine verified units of credit by passing Standards of Learning end-of-course assessments in English, mathematics, science and history. Students who entered the ninth grade in 2013-2014 and afterwards must also successfully complete one virtual course.

To graduate with a Standard Diploma, a student must earn at least 22 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives, and earn at least six verified credits by passing end-of-course SOL tests or other assessments approved by the Board of Education. Students who entered the ninth grade in 2013-2014 and afterwards must earn a board-approved career and technical education credential to graduate and successfully complete one virtual course.

The Applied Studies Diploma and Modified Standard Diploma are available for certain students with disabilities.

Status of the Students in the 2018-2019 Cohort
Student Subgroup Advanced Diplomas Standard Diplomas Other Diplomas GED's Dropouts Other Non-Graduates
All Students 50715 36614 2715 1064 5504 1801
Female 27679 16161 917 351 2003 680
Male 23036 20453 1798 713 3501 1121
American Indian 114 112 2 3 17 9
Asian 5184 1290 96 10 113 46
Black 7794 10864 1035 246 1353 673
Hispanic 5184 6274 354 116 2441 386
Native Hawaiian 83 41 6 2 3 3
White 29845 16400 1112 631 1440 605
Two or more races 2511 1633 110 56 137 79
Students with Disabilities 1140 6715 2715 154 1081 103
Economically Disadvantaged 10701 18162 1634 523 2867 1096
English Learners 1263 4111 306 32 2060 159
Homeless 206 691 67 30 305 65
Military Connected 1928 1197 49 15 36 24
Foster Care 23 134 26 19 67 18
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Four-Year Virginia On-Time Graduation Rate

On-Time Graduation Rate Over Time: All Students

The Virginia On-Time Graduation Rate is based on four years of longitudinal student-level data and accounts for student mobility, changes in student enrollment, and local decisions on the promotion and retention of students. The formula also recognizes that some students with disabilities and English learners are allowed more than the standard four years to earn a diploma and are still counted as “on-time” graduates.

Graduates are defined as students who earn an Advanced Studies Diploma, Standard Diploma, Modified Standard Diploma, or Applied Studies Diploma. On-time graduates are students who earn one of these diplomas within four years of entering the ninth grade. Special education students and English learners who have plans in place that allow them more time to graduate are counted as on-time graduates or as non-graduates when they earn a diploma or otherwise exit high school.

Status of Students After Four Years of High School
Students Subgroup Students in Cohort Graduates On-Time Graduation Rate Completers Completion Rate Cohort Dropouts Cohort Dropout Rate
All Students98,41390,0449291,273935,5046
Female47,79144,7579445,188952,0034
Male50,62245,2879046,085913,5017
American Indian2572288923190177
Asian6,7396,570986,584981132
Black21,96519,6939019,973911,3536
Hispanic14,75511,8128012,018822,44117
Native Hawaiian138130941339632
White50,03347,3579548,022961,4403
Two or more races4,5264,254944,312951373
Students with Disabilities11,93710,5708910,758901,0819
Economically Disadvantaged34,98330,4978731,110892,8678
English Learners7,9875,680715,812732,06026
Homeless1,364964711,0027430522
Military Connected3,2493,174983,18998361
Foster Care28718364205716723
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Advanced Program Information: Number and Percentage of Students Enrolled in Advanced Programs

Advanced Program Information - Count/Percentage
Program Type 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Advanced Placement Test Taken62,573 / 16.08%64,318 / 16.44%61,473 / 15.73%
Advanced Placement Course Enrollment84,335 / 21.68%86,761 / 22.18%87,072 / 22.27%
Dual Enrollment36,111 / 9.28%41,043 / 10.49%42,891 / 10.97%
Governor's School Enrollment6,005 / 1.54%6,162 / 1.57%6,246 / 1.6%
IB Course Enrollment12,037 / 3.09%12,368 / 3.16%11,867 / 3.04%
Senior Enrolled in IB Program1,777 / .46%1,710 / .44%1,526 / .39%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Postsecondary Enrollment

2017-2018 Postsecondary Enrollment: All Students

Postsecondary enrollment reports show the number and percent of Virginia high school graduates who enrolled in an institution of higher education within sixteen months of graduating from high school. In keeping with federal reporting requirements, postsecondary enrollment reports only include students who earned an Advanced Studies Diploma, International Baccalaureate Diploma or Standard Diploma; students who earned other Virginia Board of Education-approved diplomas are not counted as graduates in the calculation. Reports are available at the state, division and school levels for all students and for student subgroups. The data represent the best available estimates at this time of postsecondary enrollment. There is currently no definitive source of all postsecondary enrollment records by state, division or school. Virginia Department of Education and external researchers have determined that the best available estimates contained in the postsecondary enrollment reports are likely underestimates, but capture at least 88 percent of Virginia public high school graduates’ postsecondary enrollments.
2017-2018 FGI cohort year (students entering high school in 2014)
Total number of students in the cohort earning a federally recognized high school diploma Students who enrolled in any Institution of Higher Education (IHE) within 16 months of earning a federally recognized high school diploma
Total Total HE Remaining Percent
All Students85,89957,72533
Female43,22531,59927
Male42,67426,12639
American Indian26516737
Asian6,0845,29213
Black18,86811,29840
Hispanic10,1025,82642
Native Hawaiian1428739
White46,44832,34030
Two or more races3,9902,71532
Students with Disabilities7,2163,25655
Economically Disadvantaged27,32914,19048
English Learners5,1822,82046
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results.
- = no data available for that group
* = Data not yet available
This report provides the best available estimates about college enrollment according to the National Student Clearinghouse.
For more information, see the answers to Frequently Asked Questions about this report at: http://www.doe.virginia.gov/school_finance/arra/stabilization/reported_data/assurance_c/faq_c11.pdf
Students who attended schools that do not participate in NSC are not included in the number or percent of students enrolled in an IHE.
Federally recognized high school diplomas include Standard, Advanced Studies, or International Baccalaureate (IB) diplomas. Most subgroups are based on students' most recent status.

Career & Technical Education

Students Earning One or More CTE Credentials: All Students

Virginia’s 16 career clusters help students investigate careers and design a rigorous and relevant plan of study to advance their career goals. Each career cluster contains multiple pathways that represent a common set of academic, technical and work-place skills. Career pathways lead to credentials that qualify students for a range of career opportunities from entry to professional level. A credential is defined as:
  • State-Issued Professional License, required for entry into a specific occupation as determined by a Virginia state licensing agency;
  • Full Industry Certification, from a recognized industry, trade, or professional association validating essential skills of a particular occupation;
  • Pathway Industry Certification, which may consist of entry-level exams as a component of a suite of exams in an industry certification program leading toward full certification; or
  • Occupational competency assessment, a national standardized assessment of skills/knowledge in a specific career and/or technical area, (NOCTI).
Virginia defines a CTE completer as a student who has met the requirements for a career and technical concentration and all requirements for high school graduation or an approved alternative education program.
Career and Technical Education
2016-20172017-20182018-2019
NOCTI Assessments3,6233,5254,095
State Licensures2,2791,8812,231
Industry Certification109,275104,601107,234
Workplace Readiness42,31350,24144,892
Total Credentials Earned157,490160,248158,452
Students Earning One or More Credentials126,113128,672126,041
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Examination1,4311,5371,317
CTE Completers40,51641,43840,209

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures for Instruction

Statewide Expenditures for Instruction

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves. Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.
School State - Percentage of Expenditures for Instruction
  2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
66.9 67.2 66.9

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth's public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources. Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality's share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth's Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. . While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.  
State - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2015-20166,084.004,849.00812.00
2016-20176,248.005,052.00871.00
2017-20186,462.005,219.00867.00

Learning Climate

Chronic Absenteeism

Chronic Absenteeism 2018-2019 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:
  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can't read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Subgroup Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above
All Students1,101,647149,7811,114,752139,1241,117,329134,310
Female536,62371,839543,47666,215544,03363,918
Male565,02477,942571,27672,909573,29670,392
American Indian2,8555382,8874872,839452
Asian80,7535,91983,6835,60484,8116,050
Black239,16839,664238,52638,206238,05236,007
Hispanic163,91726,211172,18524,678176,85325,940
Native Hawaiian1,7171851,8291711,857188
White554,07169,334553,60762,240548,86257,870
Two or more races59,1667,93062,0357,73864,0557,803
Students with Disabilities131,40328,668136,13127,566139,84927,255
Economically Disadvantaged424,05192,955438,39788,701443,03286,891
English Learners138,17119,351142,22417,543142,57318,901
Homeless10,8185,99410,7795,68310,7625,727
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2018-2019 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses 18,015
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses 75,125
Other Offenses Against Persons 46,678
All Other Offenses 5,388
Property Offenses 2,730
Weapons Offenses 2,392
Offenses Against Staff 3,540
Offenses Against Student 12,979
Technology Offenses 2,619

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Short-Term Suspensions

Short-Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Short-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.30.30.30.30.30.3
Asian6.80.970.97.11
Black22.655.922.454.922.254
Hispanic15.19.115.79.716.210.3
Native Hawaiian0.20.10.20.10.20.1
White49.828.84928.948.529
Two or more races5.34.95.55.35.75.3
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available