Menu

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

College & Career Readiness

College & Career Readiness

Finance

Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

School Readiness

School Readiness

User note: Updated information for some School Quality Profile reports is not available due to the closure of schools in 2019-2020 and the continuing impact of COVID-19 on Virginia schools during the 2020-2021 school year.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading Performance: All Students

2020-2021 reading results reflect reduced student participation in state reading assessments due to COVID-19. Reading results for 2019-2020 are not available due to the closure of schools and cancellation of state assessments. The wide variations in participation rates and learning conditions should be taken into consideration when reviewing 2020-2021 data.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state reading tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course (EOC) reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 62 78 22 14 55 69 31
Female 18 63 80 20 15 57 72 28
Male 14 60 75 25 13 54 67 33
American Indian 12 64 76 24 10 58 68 32
Asian 28 61 89 11 26 59 85 15
Black 8 57 65 35 7 48 54 46
Hispanic 9 57 66 34 7 47 54 46
Native Hawaiian 15 65 80 20 14 61 75 25
White 20 65 85 15 17 61 78 22
Multiple Races 18 63 81 19 16 58 74 26
Students with Disabilities 11 36 47 53 9 31 40 60
Students without Disabilities 17 66 82 18 15 59 74 26
Economically Disadvantaged 8 57 65 35 6 48 54 46
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 65 87 13 19 61 80 20
English Learners 3 32 35 65 2 21 24 76
Migrant 4 39 44 56 6 22 28 72
Homeless 5 47 52 48 4 36 40 60
Military Connected 21 66 87 13 18 64 82 18
Foster Care 16 55 71 29 16 53 69 31
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 54 71 29 10 52 61 39
Female 19 55 74 26 11 54 64 36
Male 15 52 68 32 9 50 59 41
American Indian 12 55 66 34 5 56 60 40
Asian 25 57 82 18 17 61 78 22
Black 9 48 57 43 4 40 45 55
Hispanic 9 46 55 45 4 38 43 57
Native Hawaiian 15 54 69 31 11 54 65 35
White 22 58 80 20 13 59 72 28
Multiple Races 19 57 76 24 10 57 67 33
Students with Disabilities 12 32 44 56 9 30 38 62
Students without Disabilities 18 57 75 25 10 55 65 35
Economically Disadvantaged 9 48 57 43 4 41 45 55
Not Economically Disadvantaged 23 58 81 19 14 60 74 26
English Learners 3 38 41 59 2 27 28 72
Migrant - 29 29 71 - 25 25 75
Homeless 6 38 44 56 2 30 33 67
Military Connected 23 59 82 18 15 62 76 24
Foster Care 20 47 67 33 11 52 63 37
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 18 58 75 25 14 54 68 32
Female 20 58 78 22 15 56 71 29
Male 16 57 73 27 13 53 65 35
American Indian 15 58 74 26 11 59 70 30
Asian 28 58 87 13 23 61 84 16
Black 9 53 62 38 7 45 51 49
Hispanic 10 54 64 36 6 44 50 50
Native Hawaiian 14 63 76 24 12 68 80 20
White 23 60 83 17 18 60 78 22
Multiple Races 20 60 80 20 16 57 73 27
Students with Disabilities 12 35 47 53 11 32 42 58
Students without Disabilities 19 61 80 20 14 58 72 28
Economically Disadvantaged 9 54 63 37 6 46 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 25 60 85 15 20 60 79 21
English Learners 3 42 45 55 2 29 31 69
Migrant 17 33 50 50 7 7 14 86
Homeless 6 44 50 50 4 32 35 65
Military Connected 23 63 86 14 20 63 83 17
Foster Care 24 51 75 25 17 55 71 29
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 55 78 22 11 56 66 34
Female 25 56 81 19 11 57 69 31
Male 21 55 76 24 10 54 64 36
American Indian 18 62 80 20 4 63 67 33
Asian 38 52 90 10 20 64 84 16
Black 11 55 66 34 5 44 50 50
Hispanic 13 54 67 33 5 45 50 50
Native Hawaiian 29 53 82 18 5 62 67 33
White 29 57 86 14 13 63 76 24
Multiple Races 26 56 82 18 12 58 70 30
Students with Disabilities 12 36 49 51 9 30 39 61
Students without Disabilities 25 58 83 17 11 60 71 29
Economically Disadvantaged 12 54 66 34 5 46 51 49
Not Economically Disadvantaged 32 56 87 13 15 63 78 22
English Learners 3 32 35 65 2 16 18 82
Migrant 3 39 42 58 - 21 21 79
Homeless 7 46 53 47 4 32 36 64
Military Connected 30 58 88 12 15 65 80 20
Foster Care 24 46 70 30 13 52 65 35
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 61 77 23 14 55 69 31
Female 18 62 81 19 15 56 71 29
Male 15 59 75 25 13 53 67 33
American Indian 13 60 73 27 11 57 68 32
Asian 31 60 91 9 29 57 86 14
Black 8 57 64 36 6 46 52 48
Hispanic 9 57 66 34 7 48 55 45
Native Hawaiian 13 69 82 18 16 64 80 20
White 21 64 85 15 17 60 77 23
Multiple Races 19 62 80 20 16 58 74 26
Students with Disabilities 10 35 45 55 9 29 39 61
Students without Disabilities 18 65 83 17 15 59 74 26
Economically Disadvantaged 8 57 65 35 6 48 54 46
Not Economically Disadvantaged 24 63 87 13 20 60 80 20
English Learners 3 21 24 76 3 14 17 83
Migrant 4 57 61 39 13 7 20 80
Homeless 5 50 55 45 3 35 38 62
Military Connected 21 66 87 13 19 63 82 18
Foster Care 15 56 72 28 18 54 72 28
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 63 79 21 13 58 71 29
Female 19 64 83 17 14 59 73 27
Male 15 62 76 24 11 56 68 32
American Indian 15 63 78 22 9 58 67 33
Asian 32 60 92 8 28 61 89 11
Black 7 59 67 33 5 49 55 45
Hispanic 9 60 69 31 6 51 57 43
Native Hawaiian 16 71 86 14 16 59 75 25
White 21 65 87 13 15 62 78 22
Multiple Races 18 65 83 17 15 60 75 25
Students with Disabilities 9 38 47 53 9 30 39 61
Students without Disabilities 18 67 85 15 13 62 75 25
Economically Disadvantaged 8 60 67 33 5 50 56 44
Not Economically Disadvantaged 23 65 88 12 18 63 81 19
English Learners 3 23 26 74 3 17 19 81
Migrant - 30 30 70 7 33 40 60
Homeless 5 49 54 46 4 39 43 57
Military Connected 22 68 89 11 16 66 82 18
Foster Care 15 56 71 29 18 50 68 32
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 12 64 76 24 13 56 69 31
Female 13 66 80 20 15 58 72 28
Male 10 62 73 27 12 55 66 34
American Indian 9 66 74 26 9 59 68 32
Asian 24 66 90 10 28 59 87 13
Black 5 57 62 38 6 48 54 46
Hispanic 6 59 65 35 7 49 56 44
Native Hawaiian 12 66 78 22 11 60 70 30
White 15 69 83 17 15 61 77 23
Multiple Races 13 67 80 20 15 57 73 27
Students with Disabilities 9 32 42 58 9 27 36 64
Students without Disabilities 12 69 82 18 14 61 74 26
Economically Disadvantaged 5 57 62 38 6 48 54 46
Not Economically Disadvantaged 16 69 86 14 18 61 79 21
English Learners 3 17 21 79 2 13 15 85
Migrant 6 35 41 59 11 26 37 63
Homeless 3 45 48 52 2 38 40 60
Military Connected 16 71 86 14 17 64 81 19
Foster Care 9 48 57 43 13 51 64 36
EOC English Reading Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 78 86 14 22 58 81 19
Female 9 79 88 12 24 59 83 17
Male 7 76 83 17 21 58 79 21
American Indian 3 82 85 15 20 56 77 23
Asian 15 77 91 9 37 50 87 13
Black 4 73 76 24 11 59 70 30
Hispanic 4 71 75 25 13 57 70 30
Native Hawaiian 8 82 89 11 26 58 83 17
White 10 82 92 8 27 60 87 13
Multiple Races 9 80 90 10 25 60 85 15
Students with Disabilities 9 47 57 43 11 39 50 50
Students without Disabilities 8 82 89 11 24 61 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 4 71 75 25 12 58 69 31
Not Economically Disadvantaged 11 81 91 9 28 59 87 13
English Learners 2 23 25 75 3 18 21 79
Migrant - 44 44 56 6 29 35 65
Homeless 3 60 63 37 8 53 61 39
Military Connected 9 83 93 7 26 62 89 11
Foster Care 7 72 79 21 21 55 76 24
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Writing Performance: All Students

2020-2021 writing results are not reported due to the widespread use of local writing assessments because of the continuing impact of COVID-19 on schools. Writing results for 2019-2020 are not available due to the closure of schools and cancellation of state assessments.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state writing tests. Virginia students are assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in most high schools with a state end-of-course (EOC) writing test. If a high school administers a locally developed writing assessment, results are not included in this chart as scores on locally developed writing assessments are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
English Writing Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 51 76 24
Female 29 52 81 19
Male 20 51 70 30
American Indian 18 54 72 28
Asian 48 44 91 9
Black 10 50 61 39
Hispanic 15 52 67 33
Native Hawaiian 31 49 80 20
White 30 53 83 17
Multiple Races 27 52 79 21
Students with Disabilities 10 29 39 61
Students without Disabilities 26 54 81 19
Economically Disadvantaged 11 50 61 39
Not Economically Disadvantaged 32 52 84 16
English Learners 4 19 23 77
Migrant 13 26 39 61
Homeless 7 39 46 54
Military Connected 30 54 84 16
Foster Care 18 43 62 38
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 22 49 70 30
Female 27 51 77 23
Male 17 47 64 36
American Indian 14 52 66 34
Asian 48 44 92 8
Black 9 43 53 47
Hispanic 14 49 63 37
Native Hawaiian 28 46 74 26
White 25 52 77 23
Multiple Races 24 49 73 27
Students with Disabilities 8 23 31 69
Students without Disabilities 24 53 76 24
Economically Disadvantaged 10 45 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 29 51 80 20
English Learners 7 18 25 75
Migrant < < < <
Homeless 5 35 40 60
Military Connected 28 53 81 19
Foster Care 11 36 47 53
EOC Writing Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 27 54 81 19
Female 32 53 85 15
Male 23 55 78 22
American Indian 22 56 78 22
Asian 47 44 91 9
Black 12 58 69 31
Hispanic 16 55 71 29
Native Hawaiian 35 53 88 12
White 36 53 89 11
Multiple Races 30 55 86 14
Students with Disabilities 13 37 50 50
Students without Disabilities 29 56 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 13 56 69 31
Not Economically Disadvantaged 36 53 88 12
English Learners 3 20 22 78
Migrant 14 36 50 50
Homeless 9 45 54 46
Military Connected 33 56 89 11
Foster Care 24 50 74 26
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Math Performance: All Students

2020-2021 mathematics results reflect reduced student participation in state mathematics assessments due to COVID-19. Mathematics results for 2019-2020 are not available due to the closure of schools and cancellation of state assessments. The wide variations in participation rates and learning conditions should be taken into consideration when reviewing 2020-2021 data.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state mathematics tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of secondary courses (Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 66 82 18 7 47 54 46
Female 16 68 84 16 6 48 54 46
Male 16 64 80 20 8 47 54 46
American Indian 13 66 79 21 6 46 52 48
Asian 38 56 94 6 21 58 79 21
Black 7 63 70 30 3 31 34 66
Hispanic 9 65 74 26 3 35 38 62
Native Hawaiian 18 69 87 13 7 53 60 40
White 19 69 88 12 8 56 64 36
Multiple Races 17 67 85 15 7 50 57 43
Students with Disabilities 10 45 55 45 8 23 31 69
Students without Disabilities 17 69 86 14 7 51 58 42
Economically Disadvantaged 8 64 72 28 3 34 37 63
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 67 89 11 10 57 67 33
English Learners 5 54 59 41 2 19 21 79
Migrant 7 57 64 36 4 28 31 69
Homeless 5 54 58 42 2 21 23 77
Military Connected 20 70 90 10 9 59 67 33
Foster Care 15 59 75 25 9 48 57 43
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 63 82 18 8 46 54 46
Female 17 65 82 18 6 45 51 49
Male 21 62 83 17 9 47 56 44
American Indian 17 66 83 17 9 45 54 46
Asian 36 57 93 7 18 56 75 25
Black 9 61 70 30 3 27 30 70
Hispanic 11 63 74 26 3 31 34 66
Native Hawaiian 19 65 83 17 12 47 59 41
White 24 65 89 11 10 57 66 34
Multiple Races 21 64 85 15 8 50 57 43
Students with Disabilities 13 44 57 43 8 25 33 67
Students without Disabilities 20 66 86 14 8 49 57 43
Economically Disadvantaged 10 63 73 27 3 31 34 66
Not Economically Disadvantaged 26 63 90 10 11 57 68 32
English Learners 7 61 68 32 2 23 24 76
Migrant - 53 53 47 - 24 24 76
Homeless 6 52 58 42 2 19 21 79
Military Connected 26 65 91 9 10 60 69 31
Foster Care 17 62 79 21 9 48 58 42
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 20 63 83 17 9 46 56 44
Female 18 66 84 16 8 46 54 46
Male 22 61 83 17 11 46 57 43
American Indian 20 64 83 17 10 48 58 42
Asian 41 53 94 6 25 54 80 20
Black 9 62 71 29 3 29 33 67
Hispanic 12 65 77 23 4 33 36 64
Native Hawaiian 22 64 86 14 10 52 62 38
White 25 64 89 11 11 56 67 33
Multiple Races 22 64 86 14 10 49 59 41
Students with Disabilities 13 44 57 43 10 24 33 67
Students without Disabilities 22 66 88 12 9 50 59 41
Economically Disadvantaged 10 65 74 26 4 33 37 63
Not Economically Disadvantaged 28 62 90 10 14 56 69 31
English Learners 6 62 68 32 2 22 23 77
Migrant 16 48 64 36 6 13 19 81
Homeless 6 55 61 39 2 19 21 79
Military Connected 25 66 91 9 13 59 72 28
Foster Care 22 57 79 21 11 50 60 40
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 64 81 19 8 43 51 49
Female 17 66 82 18 7 43 50 50
Male 18 62 80 20 9 43 52 48
American Indian 16 63 79 21 6 45 51 49
Asian 37 56 93 7 20 53 73 27
Black 8 62 70 30 3 27 30 70
Hispanic 10 64 74 26 3 31 34 66
Native Hawaiian 26 57 83 17 7 54 60 40
White 22 66 88 12 10 53 63 37
Multiple Races 18 65 84 16 7 46 54 46
Students with Disabilities 10 44 54 46 8 21 29 71
Students without Disabilities 18 68 86 14 8 47 55 45
Economically Disadvantaged 9 63 72 28 3 31 34 66
Not Economically Disadvantaged 24 65 89 11 11 53 65 35
English Learners 4 50 54 46 2 13 15 85
Migrant 9 48 58 42 - 21 21 79
Homeless 6 52 58 42 2 18 20 80
Military Connected 23 67 89 11 12 55 67 33
Foster Care 23 55 78 22 9 48 57 43
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 63 78 22 5 39 45 55
Female 14 66 80 20 5 39 44 56
Male 14 61 76 24 6 40 46 54
American Indian 9 65 74 26 3 40 43 57
Asian 35 58 92 8 16 55 71 29
Black 6 57 64 36 3 22 24 76
Hispanic 9 62 71 29 2 27 30 70
Native Hawaiian 16 73 89 11 4 44 48 52
White 18 68 85 15 6 49 55 45
Multiple Races 14 65 80 20 6 43 49 51
Students with Disabilities 10 39 49 51 9 17 25 75
Students without Disabilities 15 68 83 17 5 44 48 52
Economically Disadvantaged 8 60 67 33 2 26 29 71
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 67 87 13 8 51 59 41
English Learners 5 39 43 57 3 9 12 88
Migrant 14 59 72 28 7 7 14 86
Homeless 5 47 52 48 1 15 17 83
Military Connected 17 70 87 13 5 52 58 42
Foster Care 23 47 70 30 16 41 57 43
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 15 63 78 22 7 38 45 55
Female 14 67 81 19 6 39 45 55
Male 15 60 75 25 7 37 45 55
American Indian 14 64 77 23 9 35 44 56
Asian 40 53 93 7 26 52 78 22
Black 5 57 63 37 3 21 24 76
Hispanic 8 62 69 31 2 26 28 72
Native Hawaiian 12 75 87 13 6 44 50 50
White 17 68 85 15 7 47 54 46
Multiple Races 15 65 81 19 7 40 47 53
Students with Disabilities 11 39 49 51 10 15 25 75
Students without Disabilities 15 68 84 16 6 43 49 51
Economically Disadvantaged 6 60 67 33 3 25 28 72
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 66 87 13 10 49 59 41
English Learners 5 39 44 56 3 9 11 89
Migrant - 48 48 52 - 47 47 53
Homeless 4 48 52 48 2 16 18 82
Military Connected 15 72 87 13 6 47 53 47
Foster Care 10 62 71 29 5 31 36 64
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 11 65 77 23 3 39 43 57
Female 12 68 80 20 3 41 44 56
Male 11 63 74 26 4 38 42 58
American Indian 8 68 75 25 3 32 35 65
Asian 31 61 92 8 9 60 69 31
Black 5 59 65 35 2 23 25 75
Hispanic 7 63 70 30 2 28 30 70
Native Hawaiian 15 69 84 16 4 44 49 51
White 14 69 83 17 4 48 52 48
Multiple Races 13 67 80 20 3 42 45 55
Students with Disabilities 10 38 48 52 8 16 24 76
Students without Disabilities 12 70 82 18 2 44 46 54
Economically Disadvantaged 6 61 67 33 2 27 29 71
Not Economically Disadvantaged 16 69 85 15 4 49 54 46
English Learners 6 39 45 55 3 11 14 86
Migrant 7 57 64 36 7 - 7 93
Homeless 4 49 53 47 1 15 16 84
Military Connected 15 74 89 11 5 55 60 40
Foster Care 16 50 66 34 7 44 51 49
Algebra I Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 13 73 86 14 6 57 63 37
Female 15 74 89 11 6 60 66 34
Male 11 72 83 17 5 55 60 40
American Indian 11 71 82 18 5 56 61 39
Asian 40 56 96 4 22 63 85 15
Black 5 75 79 21 2 47 49 51
Hispanic 7 72 79 21 2 49 51 49
Native Hawaiian 15 80 95 5 4 69 73 27
White 15 74 90 10 6 64 69 31
Multiple Races 14 74 88 12 6 59 65 35
Students with Disabilities 2 64 66 34 1 39 39 61
Students without Disabilities 15 74 89 11 6 60 66 34
Economically Disadvantaged 6 74 79 21 2 48 51 49
Not Economically Disadvantaged 18 72 90 10 8 63 71 29
English Learners 3 65 67 33 1 33 34 66
Migrant - 71 71 29 3 59 62 38
Homeless 2 66 68 32 1 36 37 63
Military Connected 17 75 92 8 6 66 73 27
Foster Care 6 68 74 26 5 55 60 40
Geometry Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 69 83 17 7 66 73 27
Female 14 71 85 15 7 67 74 26
Male 14 68 82 18 8 65 73 27
American Indian 9 67 76 24 4 61 66 34
Asian 37 57 95 5 23 67 90 10
Black 4 66 69 31 2 50 52 48
Hispanic 7 66 73 27 3 57 60 40
Native Hawaiian 16 72 87 13 7 63 70 30
White 16 74 90 10 7 73 79 21
Multiple Races 15 71 87 13 8 68 76 24
Students with Disabilities 3 49 52 48 3 36 39 61
Students without Disabilities 15 71 86 14 7 67 75 25
Economically Disadvantaged 5 66 71 29 3 53 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 18 71 89 11 9 71 80 20
English Learners 1 42 44 56 1 22 23 77
Migrant 5 63 68 32 < < < <
Homeless 3 55 58 42 1 41 42 58
Military Connected 16 73 90 10 7 74 80 20
Foster Care 8 68 76 24 2 72 74 26
Algebra II Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 72 91 9 12 66 78 22
Female 18 73 91 9 12 66 78 22
Male 20 71 91 9 13 65 78 22
American Indian 15 73 88 12 - 79 79 21
Asian 42 54 97 3 31 62 93 7
Black 8 77 85 15 3 54 57 43
Hispanic 12 72 85 15 6 60 66 34
Native Hawaiian 14 74 88 13 14 48 62 38
White 19 74 94 6 11 70 82 18
Multiple Races 18 74 92 8 11 68 79 21
Students with Disabilities 7 64 71 29 8 42 50 50
Students without Disabilities 20 72 92 8 13 66 79 21
Economically Disadvantaged 10 75 85 15 5 56 60 40
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 71 93 7 14 68 82 18
English Learners 4 55 59 41 4 34 38 62
Migrant < < 100 0 < < < <
Homeless 8 61 68 32 3 49 51 49
Military Connected 18 76 94 6 8 65 73 27
Foster Care 7 72 78 22 < < < <
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Science Performance: All Students

2020-2021 science results reflect reduced student participation in state science assessments due to COVID-19. Science results for 2019-2020 are not available due to the closure of schools and cancellation of state assessments. The wide variations in participation rates and learning conditions should be taken into consideration when reviewing 2020-2021 data.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state science tests. Virginia students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of secondary courses (Earth Science, Biology and Chemistry) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
Science Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 64 81 19 8 51 59 41
Female 15 66 81 19 7 52 59 41
Male 18 63 81 19 9 51 60 40
American Indian 13 65 78 22 4 53 57 43
Asian 35 58 93 7 20 60 80 20
Black 6 61 67 33 2 36 39 61
Hispanic 9 61 70 30 3 39 42 58
Native Hawaiian 17 69 86 14 7 54 61 39
White 21 68 89 11 10 60 70 30
Multiple Races 18 66 84 16 9 54 63 37
Students with Disabilities 8 43 51 49 5 25 31 69
Students without Disabilities 18 67 85 15 8 55 64 36
Economically Disadvantaged 7 61 68 32 3 38 40 60
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 67 89 11 11 60 72 28
English Learners 2 36 38 62 1 10 12 88
Migrant 5 45 51 49 3 25 28 72
Homeless 4 49 53 47 1 24 26 74
Military Connected 21 69 90 10 11 61 73 27
Foster Care 12 59 71 29 7 46 53 47
Grade 5 Science Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 56 79 21 10 40 50 50
Female 21 58 79 21 8 39 48 52
Male 25 55 79 21 11 41 52 48
American Indian 25 54 80 20 6 39 45 55
Asian 41 51 92 8 21 50 71 29
Black 10 55 65 35 3 24 27 73
Hispanic 13 56 69 31 4 27 31 69
Native Hawaiian 24 57 80 20 8 44 52 48
White 29 57 87 13 12 50 62 38
Multiple Races 24 58 83 17 10 42 53 47
Students with Disabilities 11 38 50 50 7 21 28 72
Students without Disabilities 25 59 84 16 10 43 53 47
Economically Disadvantaged 12 55 68 32 3 27 31 69
Not Economically Disadvantaged 31 57 88 12 14 50 64 36
English Learners 4 40 44 56 1 8 9 91
Migrant 12 39 52 48 - 13 13 87
Homeless 8 45 53 47 2 16 19 81
Military Connected 30 59 88 12 14 51 65 35
Foster Care 28 45 74 26 14 39 53 47
Grade 8 Science Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 15 63 78 22 6 52 58 42
Female 13 65 78 22 5 52 57 43
Male 17 62 78 22 7 52 59 41
American Indian 9 66 75 25 1 56 57 43
Asian 32 60 92 8 18 65 82 18
Black 5 58 62 38 2 33 35 65
Hispanic 7 59 66 34 3 39 41 59
Native Hawaiian 17 67 83 17 4 52 56 44
White 19 68 87 13 8 60 68 32
Multiple Races 16 65 82 18 7 55 62 38
Students with Disabilities 8 38 46 54 6 23 29 71
Students without Disabilities 16 67 83 17 7 56 62 38
Economically Disadvantaged 6 59 64 36 2 37 39 61
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 67 88 12 9 62 71 29
English Learners 3 24 27 73 2 8 10 90
Migrant 7 27 33 67 6 25 31 69
Homeless 3 45 48 52 1 22 23 77
Military Connected 19 71 89 11 8 64 72 28
Foster Care 7 49 56 44 5 46 51 49
Biology Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 15 68 83 17 8 58 66 34
Female 15 70 85 15 8 60 67 33
Male 16 65 81 19 9 56 65 35
American Indian 11 70 80 20 4 57 61 39
Asian 32 62 94 6 22 63 85 15
Black 4 65 69 31 2 45 47 53
Hispanic 7 64 71 29 3 47 50 50
Native Hawaiian 13 79 92 8 8 64 71 29
White 20 71 91 9 10 65 76 24
Multiple Races 17 70 87 13 10 61 72 28
Students with Disabilities 3 47 50 50 2 28 30 70
Students without Disabilities 17 70 87 13 9 61 71 29
Economically Disadvantaged 5 65 70 30 2 45 48 52
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 69 90 10 12 65 77 23
English Learners - 35 35 65 - 12 12 88
Migrant - 56 56 44 4 25 29 71
Homeless 3 51 54 46 1 32 33 67
Military Connected 19 72 92 8 12 67 78 22
Foster Care 9 65 74 26 4 52 56 44
Chemistry Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 65 88 12 10 42 52 48
Female 21 67 88 12 8 41 49 51
Male 26 63 89 11 13 42 55 45
American Indian 12 60 72 28 < < < <
Asian 43 53 96 4 31 47 78 22
Black 8 70 78 22 1 22 23 77
Hispanic 11 67 78 22 3 28 32 68
Native Hawaiian 22 72 94 6 < < < <
White 26 66 92 8 10 51 61 39
Multiple Races 25 65 90 10 6 56 62 38
Students with Disabilities 8 58 66 34 2 9 11 89
Students without Disabilities 24 65 89 11 11 43 54 46
Economically Disadvantaged 10 67 77 23 2 21 23 77
Not Economically Disadvantaged 28 64 92 8 13 48 61 39
English Learners 2 48 50 50 1 21 22 78
Migrant < < 100 0
Homeless 2 58 59 41 - 20 20 80
Military Connected 22 68 90 10 8 57 65 35
Foster Care - 71 71 29 < < 100 0
Earth Science Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 73 81 19 5 61 67 33
Female 7 74 80 20 5 61 65 35
Male 9 72 81 19 6 62 68 32
American Indian 6 73 80 20 4 64 68 32
Asian 15 73 88 12 11 69 80 20
Black 2 67 68 32 1 46 47 53
Hispanic 3 66 69 31 2 49 52 48
Native Hawaiian 13 73 87 13 8 63 71 29
White 11 78 89 11 7 69 76 24
Multiple Races 9 77 85 15 6 63 69 31
Students with Disabilities 2 51 53 47 1 33 34 66
Students without Disabilities 9 76 85 15 6 65 71 29
Economically Disadvantaged 3 67 70 30 2 48 50 50
Not Economically Disadvantaged 11 78 89 11 7 68 75 25
English Learners - 38 39 61 - 15 15 85
Migrant - 43 43 57 < < < <
Homeless 2 54 55 45 - 36 36 64
Military Connected 11 81 92 8 8 71 79 21
Foster Care 8 67 74 26 - 38 38 63
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

History Performance: All Students

2020-2021 history results are not reported due to the widespread use of local history assessments because of the continuing impact of COVID-19 on schools. History results for 2019-2020 are not available due to the closure of schools and cancellation of state assessments.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state tests in history/social science. Virginia students are assessed in history/social science once in elementary school (Virginia Studies), once in middle school (Civics and Economics) and at the end of secondary courses (Geography, World History I, World History II and Virginia and United States History) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
History Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 22 58 80 20
Female 20 59 79 21
Male 25 56 80 20
American Indian 20 61 81 19
Asian 42 52 93 7
Black 10 55 66 34
Hispanic 14 58 72 28
Native Hawaiian 22 65 86 14
White 28 59 87 13
Multiple Races 25 58 83 17
Students with Disabilities 10 42 52 48
Students without Disabilities 24 60 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 12 56 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 29 59 88 12
English Learners 6 42 47 53
Migrant 7 46 53 47
Homeless 7 46 53 47
Military Connected 30 59 89 11
Foster Care 19 45 64 36
VA & US History Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 7 61 68 32
Female 6 61 66 34
Male 8 61 69 31
American Indian 10 56 65 35
Asian 15 67 82 18
Black 3 52 55 45
Hispanic 4 56 60 40
Native Hawaiian 7 67 74 26
White 10 68 78 22
Multiple Races 7 67 74 26
Students with Disabilities 2 34 36 64
Students without Disabilities 8 65 73 27
Economically Disadvantaged 3 52 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 10 68 78 22
English Learners - 28 28 72
Migrant - 64 64 36
Homeless 1 40 41 59
Military Connected 10 74 84 16
Foster Care 4 40 44 56
World History I Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 63 80 20
Female 16 64 80 20
Male 19 61 80 20
American Indian 15 63 78 22
Asian 37 58 95 5
Black 7 59 66 34
Hispanic 10 62 72 28
Native Hawaiian 16 73 89 11
White 22 65 87 13
Multiple Races 19 65 84 16
Students with Disabilities 5 47 52 48
Students without Disabilities 19 65 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 8 59 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 23 65 88 12
English Learners 2 47 48 52
Migrant - 46 46 54
Homeless 4 51 54 46
Military Connected 24 66 91 9
Foster Care 4 48 52 48
World History II Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 64 81 19
Female 13 66 80 20
Male 21 62 83 17
American Indian 16 66 82 18
Asian 30 63 93 7
Black 7 63 70 30
Hispanic 11 62 72 28
Native Hawaiian 17 71 88 12
White 21 66 87 13
Multiple Races 18 65 83 17
Students with Disabilities 8 45 53 47
Students without Disabilities 18 66 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 8 60 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 66 87 13
English Learners 1 37 38 62
Migrant < < < <
Homeless 3 44 47 53
Military Connected 22 65 87 13
Foster Care 5 46 51 49
Geography Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 9 70 80 20
Female 8 72 80 20
Male 11 68 79 21
American Indian 14 81 95 5
Asian 18 75 92 8
Black 2 59 61 39
Hispanic 5 65 69 31
Native Hawaiian 8 85 92 8
White 13 75 88 12
Multiple Races 12 74 86 14
Students with Disabilities 2 43 45 55
Students without Disabilities 10 74 84 16
Economically Disadvantaged 4 63 67 33
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 76 90 10
English Learners 1 37 37 63
Migrant - 50 50 50
Homeless 1 49 50 50
Military Connected 12 77 89 11
Foster Care 10 59 68 32
Civics & Econ Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 25 57 82 18
Female 25 58 83 17
Male 26 56 82 18
American Indian 20 63 83 17
Asian 50 46 95 5
Black 11 57 68 32
Hispanic 15 60 75 25
Native Hawaiian 27 63 89 11
White 31 58 89 11
Multiple Races 27 57 84 16
Students with Disabilities 5 42 48 52
Students without Disabilities 28 59 87 13
Economically Disadvantaged 11 59 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 34 56 90 10
English Learners 2 36 37 63
Migrant - 58 58 42
Homeless 6 51 56 44
Military Connected 32 60 92 8
Foster Care 20 48 67 33
VA Studies Performance 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 36 45 81 19
Female 32 48 80 20
Male 39 43 82 18
American Indian 31 52 84 16
Asian 59 35 94 6
Black 18 47 66 34
Hispanic 26 51 77 23
Native Hawaiian 30 52 82 18
White 43 44 87 13
Multiple Races 36 46 83 17
Students with Disabilities 14 38 52 48
Students without Disabilities 39 46 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 21 49 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 47 42 89 11
English Learners 14 51 65 35
Migrant 20 28 48 52
Homeless 13 44 57 43
Military Connected 44 45 89 11
Foster Care 42 36 78 22
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

2018-20192020-2021
State3,7191,324
Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

Student Group Below Basic Basic Proficient Advanced Virginia Students at or Above Proficient Nation at or Above Proficient

NAEP Participation Rate

Student Group Virginia Participation Rate

Virginia Alternate Assessment Program Participation Rates

Reading
Subject Area Number of Students Taking VAAP Tests Total Number of Students Percent of Students Taking VAAP Tests
Number and percentage of students participating in the Virginia Alternate Assessment Program.

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2018-20192019-20202020-2021
Pre-kindergarten34,67535,27228,842
Kindergarten91,14092,42180,599
Grade 194,05794,39689,227
Grade 294,18294,80589,891
Grade 394,44994,69091,038
Grade 496,86595,34991,840
Grade 599,59397,62492,711
Grade 699,804100,34095,602
Grade 797,884100,57699,000
Grade 896,78298,59399,573
Grade 9104,836106,342103,007
Grade 1098,849100,022101,593
Grade 1193,77793,82195,501
Grade 1293,81194,02294,484
Post Graduate636584
Total Students1,290,7671,298,3381,252,992

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2020 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status. The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:
  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.
.
Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2018-20192019-20202020-2021
All Students129076712983381252992
Female625434629197608130
Male665333669141644848
American Indian341233783285
Asian921229358593252
Black286032283543277039
Hispanic208739221004218781
Native Hawaiian213621592004
White624738617391580702
Multiple Races735887727877929
Students with Disabilities170750175524168042
Students without Disabilities112001711228141084950
Economically Disadvantaged520827517567512672
Not Economically Disadvantaged769940780771740320
English Learners162385167347160267
Not English Learners112838211309911092725
Migrant302285188
Homeless10057102687389
Military Connected658796882365970
Foster Care281329462828
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

College & Career Readiness

Diplomas and Completion

Class of 2021: All Students

Most Virginia students earn either an Advanced Studies Diploma or a Standard Diploma.

To graduate with an Advanced Studies Diploma, a student must earn at least 26 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives and at least nine verified units of credit by passing Standards of Learning end-of-course assessments in English, mathematics, science and history. Students who entered the ninth grade in 2013-2014 and afterwards must also successfully complete one virtual course.

To graduate with a Standard Diploma, a student must earn at least 22 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives, and earn at least six verified credits by passing end-of-course SOL tests or other assessments approved by the Board of Education. Students who entered the ninth grade in 2013-2014 and afterwards must earn a board-approved career and technical education credential to graduate and successfully complete one virtual course.

The Applied Studies Diploma and Modified Standard Diploma are available for certain students with disabilities.

Status of the Students in the 2020-2021 Cohort
Student Subgroup Advanced Diplomas Standard Diplomas Other Diplomas GED's Dropouts Other Non-Graduates
All Students 51256 36989 2108 702 4154 1951
Female 28270 16178 695 250 1330 759
Male 22980 20805 1413 452 2823 1192
American Indian 103 103 9 1 12 3
Asian 5775 1305 75 12 65 35
Black 7933 10580 771 148 1018 760
Hispanic 5891 6757 239 88 1845 312
Native Hawaiian 113 51 0 2 3 1
White 28756 16258 914 407 1097 755
Multiple Races 2685 1935 100 44 114 85
Students with Disabilities 1332 7339 2108 98 863 108
Economically Disadvantaged 11820 19248 1264 371 2169 1345
English Learners 1281 4093 206 19 1532 67
Migrant 4 6 1 0 0 0
Homeless 166 486 49 19 183 54
Military Connected 2252 1403 62 15 48 37
Foster Care 20 159 24 11 67 22
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Four-Year Virginia On-Time Graduation Rate

On-Time Graduation Rate Over Time: All Students

The Virginia On-Time Graduation Rate is based on four years of longitudinal student-level data and accounts for student mobility, changes in student enrollment, and local decisions on the promotion and retention of students. The formula also recognizes that some students with disabilities and English learners are allowed more than the standard four years to earn a diploma and are still counted as “on-time” graduates.

Graduates are defined as students who earn an Advanced Studies Diploma, Standard Diploma, Modified Standard Diploma, or Applied Studies Diploma. On-time graduates are students who earn one of these diplomas within four years of entering the ninth grade. Special education students and English learners who have plans in place that allow them more time to graduate are counted as on-time graduates or as non-graduates when they earn a diploma or otherwise exit high school.

Status of Students After Four Years of High School
Students Subgroup Students in Cohort Graduates On-Time Graduation Rate Completers Completion Rate Cohort Dropouts Cohort Dropout Rate
All Students97,16090,3539391,103944,1544
Female47,48245,1439545,416961,3303
Male49,66545,1989145,675922,8236
American Indian2312159321694125
Asian7,2677,155997,17199651
Black21,21019,2849119,439921,0185
Hispanic15,13212,8878512,995861,84512
Native Hawaiian170164971669832
White48,18745,9289546,351961,0972
Multiple Races4,9634,720954,765961142
Students with Disabilities11,88110,7799110,896928637
Economically Disadvantaged36,21732,3328932,740902,1696
English Learners7,2265,580775,623781,53221
Migrant11111001110000
Homeless957701737217518319
Military Connected3,8173,717973,73298481
Foster Care30320367216716722
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Advanced Program Information: Number and Percentage of Students Enrolled in Advanced Programs

Advanced Program Information - Count/Percentage
Program Type 2018-20192019-20202020-2021
Advanced Placement Test Taken61,473 / 15.73%58,407 / 14.83%47,385 / 12.02%
Advanced Placement Course Enrollment87,072 / 22.27%89,596 / 22.75%77,431 / 19.64%
Dual Enrollment42,891 / 10.97%42,802 / 10.87% -
Governor's School Enrollment6,246 / 1.6%6,275 / 1.59%6,163 / 1.56%
IB Course Enrollment11,867 / 3.04%12,348 / 3.14%12,090 / 3.07%
Senior Enrolled in IB Program1,526 / .39%1,499 / .38%1,299 / .33%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Postsecondary Enrollment

2018-2019 Postsecondary Enrollment: All Students

Postsecondary enrollment reports show the number and percent of Virginia high school graduates who enrolled in an institution of higher education within sixteen months of graduating from high school. In keeping with federal reporting requirements, postsecondary enrollment reports only include students who earned an Advanced Studies Diploma, International Baccalaureate Diploma or Standard Diploma; students who earned other Virginia Board of Education-approved diplomas are not counted as graduates in the calculation. Reports are available at the state, division and school levels for all students and for student subgroups. The data represent the best available estimates at this time of postsecondary enrollment. There is currently no definitive source of all postsecondary enrollment records by state, division or school. Virginia Department of Education and external researchers have determined that the best available estimates contained in the postsecondary enrollment reports are likely underestimates, but capture at least 88 percent of Virginia public high school graduates’ postsecondary enrollments.
2018-2019 FGI cohort year (students entering high school in 2015)
Total number of students in the cohort earning a federally recognized high school diploma Students who enrolled in any Institution of Higher Education (IHE) within 16 months of earning a federally recognized high school diploma
Total Total HE Remaining Percent
All Students86,21159,46231
Female43,37932,57825
Male42,83226,88437
American Indian22013539
Asian6,3805,55313
Black18,49311,40838
Hispanic10,8006,31841
Native Hawaiian1248234
White46,06033,07528
Multiple Races4,1342,89130
Students with Disabilities7,5273,57553
Economically Disadvantaged28,17015,21546
English Learners5,2972,82847
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results.
- = no data available for that group
* = Data not yet available
This report provides the best available estimates about college enrollment according to the National Student Clearinghouse.
For more information, see the answers to Frequently Asked Questions about this report at: http://www.doe.virginia.gov/school_finance/arra/stabilization/reported_data/assurance_c/faq_c11.pdf
Students who attended schools that do not participate in NSC are not included in the number or percent of students enrolled in an IHE.
Federally recognized high school diplomas include Standard, Advanced Studies, or International Baccalaureate (IB) diplomas. Most subgroups are based on students' most recent status.

Career & Technical Education

Students Earning One or More CTE Credentials: All Students

Virginia’s 16 career clusters help students investigate careers and design a rigorous and relevant plan of study to advance their career goals. Each career cluster contains multiple pathways that represent a common set of academic, technical and work-place skills. Career pathways lead to credentials that qualify students for a range of career opportunities from entry to professional level. A credential is defined as:
  • State-Issued Professional License, required for entry into a specific occupation as determined by a Virginia state licensing agency;
  • Full Industry Certification, from a recognized industry, trade, or professional association validating essential skills of a particular occupation;
  • Pathway Industry Certification, which may consist of entry-level exams as a component of a suite of exams in an industry certification program leading toward full certification; or
  • Occupational competency assessment, a national standardized assessment of skills/knowledge in a specific career and/or technical area, (NOCTI).
Virginia defines a CTE completer as a student who has met the requirements for a career and technical concentration and all requirements for high school graduation or an approved alternative education program.
Career and Technical Education
2018-20192019-20202020-2021
NOCTI Assessments4,0955111,508
State Licensures2,2313331,030
Industry Certification107,23443,66048,781
Workplace Readiness44,897--
Total Credentials Earned158,45744,50451,319
Students Earning One or More Credentials126,04439,25445,542
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Examination1,317917295
CTE Completers42,22244,53939,042

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Finance

Percentage of Expenditures for Instruction

State

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves. Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.
School State - Percentage of Expenditures for Instruction
  2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
66.9 66.9 67.5

Per-Pupil Spending

2019-2020 Per-Pupil Spending

Expenditures included in per-pupil calculations include actual personnel and non-personnel costs. The per-pupil expenditure calculations exclude expenditures that are not directly related to educational services provided to students in pre-kindergarten classes as well as in grades K-12. Excluded expenditures include adult education, community services, non-regular school day programs, capital purchases, debt service, food services, and fund transfers.

Per-Pupil Expenditures State
End-of-Year Average Daily Membership
School-Level Expenditures Per-Pupil
Federal
State/Local
Total
Division-Level Expenditures Per-Pupil
Federal
State/Local
Total
Total Per-Pupil Expenditures
Expenditure Summary
Excluded from Per-Pupil Formula
Total Expenditures

Sources of Financial Support

State

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth's public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources. Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality's share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth's Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. . While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.  
Sources of Financial Support Per-Pupil
  Local State Federal
2017-2018$6,462$5,219$867
2018-2019$6,642$5,388$901
2019-2020$6,770$5,603$867

Learning Climate

Chronic Absenteeism

Chronic Absenteeism 2020-2021 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:
  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can't read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2018-2019 2020-2021
Subgroup Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above
All Students1,117,329134,3101,083,131134,824
Female544,03363,918531,42660,794
Male573,29670,392551,57674,000
American Indian2,8394522,738405
Asian84,8116,05089,0603,042
Black238,05236,007219,86947,801
Hispanic176,85325,940183,51929,261
Native Hawaiian1,8571881,783209
White548,86257,870518,93345,463
Multiple Races64,0557,80367,2298,643
Students with Disabilities139,84927,255139,70426,309
Economically Disadvantaged443,03286,891444,369101,360
English Learners142,57318,901138,66121,675
Homeless10,7625,7277,0754,763
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available