Menu

Virginia State Quality Profile

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

College & Career Readiness

College & Career Readiness

Finance

Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

School Readiness

School Readiness

Assessments

The annual pass rate data reported on the Assessment tab includes all grade level and content area state assessments (Standards of Learning assessments and Virginia Alternate Assessment Program assessments).

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading Performance: All Students

2020-2021 reading results reflect reduced student participation in state reading assessments due to COVID-19. The wide variations in participation rates and learning conditions should be taken into consideration when reviewing 2020-2021 data.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state reading tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course (EOC) reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 55 69 31 15 59 73 27 14 58 73 27
Female 15 57 72 28 16 60 76 24 15 60 75 25
Male 13 54 67 33 13 57 71 29 13 57 70 30
American Indian 10 58 68 32 12 62 74 26 13 57 70 30
Asian 26 59 85 15 28 60 88 12 27 60 87 13
Black 7 48 54 46 7 53 60 40 7 53 60 40
Hispanic 7 47 54 46 7 52 60 40 7 51 59 41
Native Hawaiian 14 61 75 25 15 63 78 22 13 62 76 24
White 17 61 78 22 19 63 82 18 18 63 81 19
Multiple Races 16 58 74 26 17 61 78 22 16 60 77 23
Students with Disabilities 9 31 40 60 7 36 43 57 7 37 44 56
Students without Disabilities 15 59 74 26 16 62 78 22 16 62 77 23
Economically Disadvantaged 6 48 54 46 6 53 59 41 6 53 59 41
Not Economically Disadvantaged 19 61 80 20 21 63 83 17 21 62 83 17
English Learners 2 21 24 76 2 31 32 68 2 31 32 68
Migrant 6 22 28 72 1 34 34 66 2 31 33 67
Homeless 4 36 40 60 4 40 44 56 3 40 43 57
Military Connected 18 64 82 18 20 66 85 15 19 66 85 15
Foster Care 16 53 69 31 6 51 57 43 6 47 54 46
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 52 61 39 11 57 68 32 11 55 66 34
Female 11 54 64 36 12 59 70 30 12 57 69 31
Male 9 50 59 41 9 55 65 35 10 54 64 36
American Indian 5 56 60 40 8 61 69 31 10 50 60 40
Asian 17 61 78 22 19 64 83 17 19 61 80 20
Black 4 40 45 55 5 49 53 47 5 47 53 47
Hispanic 4 38 43 57 5 46 51 49 5 44 50 50
Native Hawaiian 11 54 65 35 11 66 78 22 8 56 64 36
White 13 59 72 28 14 63 77 23 15 62 76 24
Multiple Races 10 57 67 33 13 60 73 27 13 58 71 29
Students with Disabilities 9 30 38 62 6 37 42 58 5 36 41 59
Students without Disabilities 10 55 65 35 11 60 72 28 12 58 71 29
Economically Disadvantaged 4 41 45 55 5 48 53 47 5 47 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 60 74 26 15 64 79 21 16 61 78 22
English Learners 2 27 28 72 2 39 40 60 2 38 39 61
Migrant - 25 25 75 - 24 24 76 - 33 33 67
Homeless 2 30 33 67 2 34 36 64 2 33 35 65
Military Connected 15 62 76 24 16 66 82 18 16 64 80 20
Foster Care 11 52 63 37 4 49 53 47 6 38 44 56
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 54 68 32 15 57 72 28 15 58 73 27
Female 15 56 71 29 17 57 74 26 17 58 75 25
Male 13 53 65 35 14 56 70 30 14 57 71 29
American Indian 11 59 70 30 13 61 74 26 12 61 72 28
Asian 23 61 84 16 26 60 86 14 26 60 86 14
Black 7 45 51 49 7 50 57 43 7 53 60 40
Hispanic 6 44 50 50 8 50 58 42 8 50 58 42
Native Hawaiian 12 68 80 20 13 61 75 25 13 67 80 20
White 18 60 78 22 20 61 81 19 20 62 82 18
Multiple Races 16 57 73 27 17 61 78 22 18 59 77 23
Students with Disabilities 11 32 42 58 8 37 45 55 8 39 47 53
Students without Disabilities 14 58 72 28 16 60 76 24 17 61 77 23
Economically Disadvantaged 6 46 52 48 7 51 58 42 7 53 60 40
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 60 79 21 22 61 83 17 22 61 83 17
English Learners 2 29 31 69 2 40 42 58 2 41 44 56
Migrant 7 7 14 86 - 47 47 53 5 33 38 62
Homeless 4 32 35 65 4 37 42 58 3 41 45 55
Military Connected 20 63 83 17 22 64 85 15 22 64 86 14
Foster Care 17 55 71 29 8 51 59 41 6 47 53 47
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 11 56 66 34 10 62 72 28 10 61 71 29
Female 11 57 69 31 11 64 75 25 11 63 74 26
Male 10 54 64 36 10 60 70 30 10 60 69 31
American Indian 4 63 67 33 7 66 73 27 9 64 74 26
Asian 20 64 84 16 20 67 87 13 20 66 86 14
Black 5 44 50 50 5 53 58 42 4 53 57 43
Hispanic 5 45 50 50 5 54 59 41 5 53 58 42
Native Hawaiian 5 62 67 33 9 70 79 21 11 68 79 21
White 13 63 76 24 13 68 81 19 13 67 80 20
Multiple Races 12 58 70 30 13 65 78 22 12 65 77 23
Students with Disabilities 9 30 39 61 5 37 43 57 6 37 43 57
Students without Disabilities 11 60 71 29 11 66 77 23 11 66 77 23
Economically Disadvantaged 5 46 51 49 4 54 58 42 4 54 58 42
Not Economically Disadvantaged 15 63 78 22 15 68 83 17 15 67 82 18
English Learners 2 16 18 82 1 33 34 66 1 31 32 68
Migrant - 21 21 79 - 13 13 87 - 40 40 60
Homeless 4 32 36 64 4 41 44 56 2 41 43 57
Military Connected 15 65 80 20 15 71 86 14 14 71 85 15
Foster Care 13 52 65 35 6 55 61 39 4 51 56 44
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 55 69 31 14 56 70 30 13 57 71 29
Female 15 56 71 29 15 58 73 27 14 59 73 27
Male 13 53 67 33 13 55 68 32 13 56 68 32
American Indian 11 57 68 32 10 59 69 31 15 55 70 30
Asian 29 57 86 14 30 58 88 12 29 58 87 13
Black 6 46 52 48 6 49 55 45 6 50 55 45
Hispanic 7 48 55 45 7 49 56 44 7 49 56 44
Native Hawaiian 16 64 80 20 12 57 69 31 13 60 73 27
White 17 60 77 23 18 62 80 20 17 63 80 20
Multiple Races 16 58 74 26 16 59 75 25 16 59 75 25
Students with Disabilities 9 29 39 61 7 33 40 60 7 34 41 59
Students without Disabilities 15 59 74 26 15 60 75 25 14 61 75 25
Economically Disadvantaged 6 48 54 46 5 50 56 44 5 50 56 44
Not Economically Disadvantaged 20 60 80 20 21 61 82 18 20 62 82 18
English Learners 3 14 17 83 1 19 21 79 1 21 22 78
Migrant 13 7 20 80 - 43 43 57 - 14 14 86
Homeless 3 35 38 62 3 36 39 61 3 35 38 62
Military Connected 19 63 82 18 19 65 84 16 18 66 84 16
Foster Care 18 54 72 28 6 46 52 48 5 47 51 49
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 13 58 71 29 12 60 72 28 12 58 70 30
Female 14 59 73 27 13 61 74 26 13 60 73 27
Male 11 56 68 32 11 59 70 30 11 57 68 32
American Indian 9 58 67 33 6 65 71 29 9 57 66 34
Asian 28 61 89 11 25 63 88 12 24 63 87 13
Black 5 49 55 45 5 52 58 42 6 51 56 44
Hispanic 6 51 57 43 6 54 60 40 6 50 56 44
Native Hawaiian 16 59 75 25 17 64 81 19 13 58 71 29
White 15 62 78 22 15 65 80 20 15 64 80 20
Multiple Races 15 60 75 25 14 63 77 23 13 62 75 25
Students with Disabilities 9 30 39 61 7 32 39 61 7 33 41 59
Students without Disabilities 13 62 75 25 13 65 77 23 13 63 75 25
Economically Disadvantaged 5 50 56 44 5 54 59 41 5 51 56 44
Not Economically Disadvantaged 18 63 81 19 17 65 82 18 17 64 82 18
English Learners 3 17 19 81 2 19 20 80 1 20 21 79
Migrant 7 33 40 60 6 25 31 69 - 40 40 60
Homeless 4 39 43 57 4 40 44 56 3 37 40 60
Military Connected 16 66 82 18 17 69 86 14 16 68 85 15
Foster Care 18 50 68 32 5 50 55 45 7 45 52 48
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 13 56 69 31 12 59 72 28 12 59 71 29
Female 15 58 72 28 14 61 75 25 13 61 74 26
Male 12 55 66 34 11 58 68 32 11 57 68 32
American Indian 9 59 68 32 10 63 73 27 9 56 65 35
Asian 28 59 87 13 27 63 89 11 25 62 87 13
Black 6 48 54 46 6 52 58 42 5 53 58 42
Hispanic 7 49 56 44 6 53 59 41 6 51 57 43
Native Hawaiian 11 60 70 30 13 59 72 28 11 61 72 28
White 15 61 77 23 15 64 79 21 15 64 79 21
Multiple Races 15 57 73 27 14 62 76 24 14 62 76 24
Students with Disabilities 9 27 36 64 7 31 37 63 6 32 38 62
Students without Disabilities 14 61 74 26 13 64 77 23 13 63 76 24
Economically Disadvantaged 6 48 54 46 5 52 58 42 5 52 57 43
Not Economically Disadvantaged 18 61 79 21 17 65 82 18 17 64 81 19
English Learners 2 13 15 85 2 19 21 79 1 18 19 81
Migrant 11 26 37 63 - 39 39 61 - 25 25 75
Homeless 2 38 40 60 5 40 45 55 2 38 41 59
Military Connected 17 64 81 19 17 67 83 17 17 67 84 16
Foster Care 13 51 64 36 6 46 52 48 6 45 51 49
EOC English Reading Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 22 58 81 19 27 59 85 15 26 59 85 15
Female 24 59 83 17 28 59 87 13 27 59 87 13
Male 21 58 79 21 26 58 84 16 25 59 84 16
American Indian 20 56 77 23 27 59 86 14 26 58 84 16
Asian 37 50 87 13 44 47 92 8 44 48 92 8
Black 11 59 70 30 13 63 77 23 13 63 77 23
Hispanic 13 57 70 30 16 58 74 26 15 60 75 25
Native Hawaiian 26 58 83 17 26 65 91 9 24 66 90 10
White 27 60 87 13 34 58 92 8 33 58 91 9
Multiple Races 25 60 85 15 32 58 90 10 31 58 89 11
Students with Disabilities 11 39 50 50 11 47 57 43 11 45 57 43
Students without Disabilities 24 61 85 15 29 60 89 11 28 61 89 11
Economically Disadvantaged 12 58 69 31 14 62 75 25 13 63 76 24
Not Economically Disadvantaged 28 59 87 13 35 57 91 9 34 57 90 10
English Learners 3 18 21 79 2 26 28 72 3 31 34 66
Migrant 6 29 35 65 - 41 41 59 6 35 41 59
Homeless 8 53 61 39 7 59 65 35 8 55 63 37
Military Connected 26 62 89 11 35 57 93 7 33 59 92 8
Foster Care 21 55 76 24 8 56 64 36 8 57 66 34
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Writing Performance: All Students

2020-2021 writing results are not reported due to the widespread use of local writing assessments because of the continuing impact of COVID-19 on schools.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state writing tests. Virginia students are assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in most high schools with a state end-of-course (EOC) writing test. If a high school administers a locally developed writing assessment, results are not included in this chart as scores on locally developed writing assessments are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
English Writing Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 17 47 65 35 17 48 65 35
Female 21 50 71 29 20 51 71 29
Male 14 45 59 41 13 45 58 42
American Indian 15 49 64 36 15 48 62 38
Asian 43 45 88 12 41 45 86 14
Black 7 41 47 53 7 42 49 51
Hispanic 11 46 56 44 10 46 56 44
Native Hawaiian 21 55 76 24 16 55 71 29
White 22 52 73 27 21 52 73 27
Multiple Races 20 49 69 31 18 50 68 32
Students with Disabilities 3 21 24 76 2 22 24 76
Students without Disabilities 19 51 70 30 18 51 70 30
Economically Disadvantaged 7 42 49 51 7 42 49 51
Not Economically Disadvantaged 24 51 76 24 23 52 75 25
English Learners 2 17 18 82 1 18 19 81
Migrant 6 41 47 53 - 13 13 87
Homeless 4 30 34 66 3 33 36 64
Military Connected 23 54 77 23 21 55 76 24
Foster Care 3 28 30 70 2 34 36 64
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 13 44 57 43 13 42 55 45
Female 16 48 63 37 17 46 63 37
Male 10 40 50 50 10 38 48 52
American Indian 11 45 56 45 12 39 51 49
Asian 37 48 86 14 36 46 82 18
Black 5 33 38 62 5 32 37 63
Hispanic 8 41 49 51 8 38 47 53
Native Hawaiian 15 53 67 33 13 47 60 40
White 15 49 64 36 16 48 64 36
Multiple Races 15 44 59 41 15 44 58 42
Students with Disabilities 1 13 15 85 2 14 15 85
Students without Disabilities 14 48 62 38 15 46 61 39
Economically Disadvantaged 5 35 41 59 5 34 39 61
Not Economically Disadvantaged 19 50 69 31 19 48 68 32
English Learners 2 16 17 83 1 11 12 88
Migrant 9 36 45 55 - 20 20 80
Homeless 3 24 27 73 2 20 22 78
Military Connected 16 52 68 32 18 50 68 32
Foster Care 3 23 26 74 2 24 26 74
EOC Writing Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 23 52 74 26 20 55 76 24
Female 27 52 79 21 24 57 81 19
Male 19 51 70 30 17 54 71 29
American Indian 20 52 72 28 18 58 76 24
Asian 48 43 90 10 46 44 90 10
Black 8 49 58 42 8 54 62 38
Hispanic 13 50 63 37 12 54 66 34
Native Hawaiian 28 58 86 14 19 64 83 17
White 30 55 85 15 27 58 85 15
Multiple Races 27 54 81 19 23 58 81 19
Students with Disabilities 4 31 35 65 3 33 36 64
Students without Disabilities 25 54 79 21 22 58 80 20
Economically Disadvantaged 9 50 59 41 9 54 63 37
Not Economically Disadvantaged 30 53 83 17 28 56 84 16
English Learners 1 18 19 81 1 23 24 76
Migrant < < < < < < < <
Homeless 4 40 44 56 4 51 55 45
Military Connected 30 57 86 14 26 60 86 14
Foster Care 2 33 35 65 3 45 48 52
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Math Performance: All Students

2020-2021 math results reflect reduced student participation in state math assessments due to COVID-19. The wide variations in participation rates and learning conditions should be taken into consideration when reviewing 2020-2021 data.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state mathematics tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of secondary courses (Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 7 47 54 46 9 57 66 34 10 59 69 31
Female 6 48 54 46 9 58 67 33 9 60 69 31
Male 8 47 54 46 10 56 66 34 11 58 69 31
American Indian 6 46 52 48 9 57 66 34 10 56 67 33
Asian 21 58 79 21 27 58 86 14 28 58 87 13
Black 3 31 34 66 3 46 49 51 3 50 54 46
Hispanic 3 35 38 62 4 49 53 47 4 52 56 44
Native Hawaiian 7 53 60 40 9 61 70 30 10 65 75 25
White 8 56 64 36 12 65 76 24 13 66 79 21
Multiple Races 7 50 57 43 11 59 70 30 12 61 73 27
Students with Disabilities 8 23 31 69 4 35 39 61 4 39 43 57
Students without Disabilities 7 51 58 42 10 60 71 29 11 62 73 27
Economically Disadvantaged 3 34 37 63 3 48 52 48 4 52 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 10 57 67 33 14 64 77 23 15 65 80 20
English Learners 2 19 21 79 2 35 36 64 2 39 41 59
Migrant 4 28 31 69 2 39 41 59 2 40 42 58
Homeless 2 21 23 77 2 32 34 66 1 36 37 63
Military Connected 9 59 67 33 13 67 79 21 14 68 82 18
Foster Care 9 48 57 43 3 47 50 50 3 46 49 51
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 46 54 46 10 56 67 33 12 57 69 31
Female 6 45 51 49 9 56 65 35 10 57 68 32
Male 9 47 56 44 12 57 68 32 14 57 71 29
American Indian 9 45 54 46 12 57 68 32 9 55 64 36
Asian 18 56 75 25 24 60 84 16 25 59 84 16
Black 3 27 30 70 3 44 48 52 4 47 51 49
Hispanic 3 31 34 66 4 48 52 48 5 49 54 46
Native Hawaiian 12 47 59 41 10 61 72 28 8 65 73 27
White 10 57 66 34 14 64 78 22 16 64 80 20
Multiple Races 8 50 57 43 11 60 71 29 15 59 74 26
Students with Disabilities 8 25 33 67 5 36 41 59 5 38 43 57
Students without Disabilities 8 49 57 43 11 59 71 29 13 60 74 26
Economically Disadvantaged 3 31 34 66 4 47 51 49 5 50 55 45
Not Economically Disadvantaged 11 57 68 32 16 63 79 21 18 63 81 19
English Learners 2 23 24 76 2 41 44 56 3 45 47 53
Migrant - 24 24 76 - 25 25 75 8 31 38 62
Homeless 2 19 21 79 2 28 29 71 1 32 34 66
Military Connected 10 60 69 31 14 67 81 19 17 66 83 17
Foster Care 9 48 58 42 3 53 56 44 4 40 44 56
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 9 46 56 44 12 54 66 34 13 57 70 30
Female 8 46 54 46 10 55 65 35 10 58 68 32
Male 11 46 57 43 14 53 67 33 15 56 71 29
American Indian 10 48 58 42 12 59 71 29 16 50 65 35
Asian 25 54 80 20 31 54 85 15 31 55 87 13
Black 3 29 33 67 4 42 45 55 4 49 53 47
Hispanic 4 33 36 64 5 46 52 48 6 50 56 44
Native Hawaiian 10 52 62 38 14 61 75 25 12 61 73 27
White 11 56 67 33 15 62 77 23 17 63 80 20
Multiple Races 10 49 59 41 13 56 70 30 15 59 74 26
Students with Disabilities 10 24 33 67 5 34 38 62 4 38 42 58
Students without Disabilities 9 50 59 41 13 57 70 30 14 60 75 25
Economically Disadvantaged 4 33 37 63 4 46 49 51 4 51 56 44
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 56 69 31 18 60 78 22 20 61 81 19
English Learners 2 22 23 77 2 39 41 59 2 44 47 53
Migrant 6 13 19 81 - 26 26 74 - 29 29 71
Homeless 2 19 21 79 2 27 28 72 1 34 35 65
Military Connected 13 59 72 28 17 63 80 20 18 65 83 17
Foster Care 11 50 60 40 6 47 53 47 2 50 52 48
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 43 51 49 11 53 64 36 11 56 67 33
Female 7 43 50 50 9 55 64 36 10 57 67 33
Male 9 43 52 48 12 52 64 36 12 55 67 33
American Indian 6 45 51 49 13 50 63 37 13 56 69 31
Asian 20 53 73 27 27 57 84 16 28 57 85 15
Black 3 27 30 70 4 42 46 54 4 46 49 51
Hispanic 3 31 34 66 5 46 50 50 5 49 54 46
Native Hawaiian 7 54 60 40 12 63 76 24 18 58 76 24
White 10 53 63 37 14 61 75 25 14 63 78 22
Multiple Races 7 46 54 46 12 57 68 32 12 59 71 29
Students with Disabilities 8 21 29 71 4 32 36 64 4 36 39 61
Students without Disabilities 8 47 55 45 12 57 69 31 12 60 72 28
Economically Disadvantaged 3 31 34 66 4 45 49 51 4 49 53 47
Not Economically Disadvantaged 11 53 65 35 16 61 76 24 17 62 79 21
English Learners 2 13 15 85 1 31 32 68 1 35 36 64
Migrant - 21 21 79 - 27 27 73 - 38 38 63
Homeless 2 18 20 80 2 29 31 69 2 32 34 66
Military Connected 12 55 67 33 15 65 80 20 16 64 80 20
Foster Care 9 48 57 43 5 43 48 52 4 47 51 49
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 5 39 45 55 8 50 57 43 8 53 61 39
Female 5 39 44 56 7 51 57 43 7 53 60 40
Male 6 40 46 54 9 49 58 42 9 53 62 38
American Indian 3 40 43 57 6 44 49 51 7 50 57 43
Asian 16 55 71 29 22 58 79 21 24 58 83 17
Black 3 22 24 76 3 36 39 61 3 41 44 56
Hispanic 2 27 30 70 3 41 44 56 4 43 47 53
Native Hawaiian 4 44 48 52 4 50 53 47 8 65 73 27
White 6 49 55 45 10 59 69 31 10 62 73 27
Multiple Races 6 43 49 51 9 53 62 38 9 56 65 35
Students with Disabilities 9 17 25 75 4 29 33 67 4 32 36 64
Students without Disabilities 5 44 48 52 8 54 62 38 9 57 66 34
Economically Disadvantaged 2 26 29 71 3 40 43 57 3 43 47 53
Not Economically Disadvantaged 8 51 59 41 12 59 71 29 12 61 74 26
English Learners 3 9 12 88 1 21 22 78 2 24 26 74
Migrant 7 7 14 86 - 43 43 57 6 12 18 82
Homeless 1 15 17 83 1 21 22 78 1 26 27 73
Military Connected 5 52 58 42 10 63 73 27 10 67 77 23
Foster Care 16 41 57 43 3 41 44 56 3 39 42 58
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 7 38 45 55 7 48 55 45 8 51 59 41
Female 6 39 45 55 7 49 56 44 7 53 60 40
Male 7 37 45 55 8 47 55 45 9 50 58 42
American Indian 9 35 44 56 5 53 58 42 11 52 63 37
Asian 26 52 78 22 27 53 80 20 29 54 83 17
Black 3 21 24 76 2 34 36 64 2 39 41 59
Hispanic 2 26 28 72 3 39 42 58 3 41 44 56
Native Hawaiian 6 44 50 50 8 51 60 40 5 56 60 40
White 7 47 54 46 9 57 66 34 10 61 71 29
Multiple Races 7 40 47 53 8 50 59 41 8 54 62 38
Students with Disabilities 10 15 25 75 4 25 29 71 4 30 34 66
Students without Disabilities 6 43 49 51 8 53 61 39 9 56 64 36
Economically Disadvantaged 3 25 28 72 2 38 41 59 3 42 44 56
Not Economically Disadvantaged 10 49 59 41 12 57 68 32 13 60 73 27
English Learners 3 9 11 89 1 18 19 81 1 21 22 78
Migrant - 47 47 53 6 35 41 59 - 36 36 64
Homeless 2 16 18 82 2 22 23 77 2 27 28 72
Military Connected 6 47 53 47 8 60 68 32 8 65 73 27
Foster Care 5 31 36 64 2 39 41 59 2 38 40 60
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 3 39 43 57 5 52 57 43 5 55 60 40
Female 3 41 44 56 5 54 59 41 5 57 62 38
Male 4 38 42 58 5 51 56 44 6 54 59 41
American Indian 3 32 35 65 5 49 54 46 2 53 56 44
Asian 9 60 69 31 18 63 81 19 15 64 79 21
Black 2 23 25 75 2 40 41 59 2 44 46 54
Hispanic 2 28 30 70 2 43 45 55 2 44 47 53
Native Hawaiian 4 44 49 51 5 55 59 41 5 67 72 28
White 4 48 52 48 7 61 67 33 7 64 71 29
Multiple Races 3 42 45 55 6 57 63 37 7 59 66 34
Students with Disabilities 8 16 24 76 2 28 30 70 3 31 34 66
Students without Disabilities 2 44 46 54 6 57 62 38 6 60 65 35
Economically Disadvantaged 2 27 29 71 2 42 44 56 2 45 47 53
Not Economically Disadvantaged 4 49 54 46 8 61 68 32 8 64 72 28
English Learners 3 11 14 86 1 21 21 79 1 21 22 78
Migrant 7 - 7 93 - 56 56 44 - 31 31 69
Homeless 1 15 16 84 1 29 30 70 1 27 28 72
Military Connected 5 55 60 40 8 65 73 27 9 69 78 22
Foster Care 7 44 51 49 1 37 38 62 4 36 40 60
Algebra I Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 6 57 63 37 9 71 80 20 10 72 82 18
Female 6 60 66 34 9 73 82 18 11 74 84 16
Male 5 55 60 40 9 70 78 22 10 71 81 19
American Indian 5 56 61 39 7 71 78 22 10 67 77 23
Asian 22 63 85 15 30 62 93 7 33 62 94 6
Black 2 47 49 51 3 69 72 28 3 73 76 24
Hispanic 2 49 51 49 4 67 72 28 4 70 74 26
Native Hawaiian 4 69 73 27 12 69 82 18 10 74 84 16
White 6 64 69 31 11 75 86 14 12 76 88 12
Multiple Races 6 59 65 35 10 73 83 17 12 72 84 16
Students with Disabilities 1 39 39 61 2 58 60 40 2 63 65 35
Students without Disabilities 6 60 66 34 10 73 83 17 11 74 85 15
Economically Disadvantaged 2 48 51 49 3 69 73 27 4 71 75 25
Not Economically Disadvantaged 8 63 71 29 13 73 86 14 15 73 88 12
English Learners 1 33 34 66 1 55 56 44 1 63 64 36
Migrant 3 59 62 38 5 53 58 42 - 83 83 17
Homeless 1 36 37 63 1 59 61 39 1 61 62 38
Military Connected 6 66 73 27 13 77 90 10 14 77 91 9
Foster Care 5 55 60 40 1 61 62 38 2 63 66 34
Geometry Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 7 66 73 27 12 69 80 20 12 65 78 22
Female 7 67 74 26 11 70 81 19 12 67 78 22
Male 8 65 73 27 12 67 79 21 13 64 77 23
American Indian 4 61 66 34 8 72 80 20 14 64 78 22
Asian 23 67 90 10 32 61 93 7 32 60 91 9
Black 2 50 52 48 3 58 61 39 3 56 59 41
Hispanic 3 57 60 40 5 62 67 33 5 57 62 38
Native Hawaiian 7 63 70 30 8 72 79 21 11 71 82 18
White 7 73 79 21 11 76 87 13 13 73 86 14
Multiple Races 8 68 76 24 14 69 83 17 14 66 81 19
Students with Disabilities 3 36 39 61 4 42 45 55 4 33 37 63
Students without Disabilities 7 67 75 25 12 70 82 18 13 67 80 20
Economically Disadvantaged 3 53 55 45 4 60 64 36 4 55 59 41
Not Economically Disadvantaged 9 71 80 20 14 72 86 14 16 70 85 15
English Learners 1 22 23 77 1 27 28 72 1 21 22 78
Migrant < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Homeless 1 41 42 58 2 41 43 57 2 38 40 60
Military Connected 7 74 80 20 12 74 86 14 15 72 87 13
Foster Care 2 72 74 26 7 40 47 53 2 32 34 66
Algebra II Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 12 66 78 22 16 69 86 14 19 67 86 14
Female 12 66 78 22 15 70 85 15 17 68 85 15
Male 13 65 78 22 18 68 87 13 20 67 87 13
American Indian - 79 79 21 17 62 79 21 19 74 93 7
Asian 31 62 93 7 36 58 94 6 40 56 96 4
Black 3 54 57 43 5 69 73 27 6 65 71 29
Hispanic 6 60 66 34 9 68 77 23 11 63 73 27
Native Hawaiian 14 48 62 38 16 75 91 9 13 63 75 25
White 11 70 82 18 14 74 88 12 17 72 89 11
Multiple Races 11 68 79 21 16 70 87 13 19 69 88 12
Students with Disabilities 8 42 50 50 11 53 64 36 10 47 57 43
Students without Disabilities 13 66 79 21 17 70 86 14 19 68 87 13
Economically Disadvantaged 5 56 60 40 8 69 77 23 8 64 72 28
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 68 82 18 19 70 88 12 22 68 90 10
English Learners 4 34 38 62 4 54 58 42 4 47 51 49
Migrant < < < < < < < <
Homeless 3 49 51 49 5 64 69 31 4 58 62 38
Military Connected 8 65 73 27 13 74 87 13 15 73 89 11
Foster Care < < < < < < < < < < < <
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Science Performance: All Students

2020-2021 science results reflect reduced student participation in state reading assessments due to COVID-19. The wide variations in participation rates and learning conditions should be taken into consideration when reviewing 2020-2021 data.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state science tests. Virginia students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of secondary courses (Earth Science, Biology and Chemistry) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
Science Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 51 59 41 9 56 65 35 10 57 67 33
Female 7 52 59 41 8 56 64 36 8 57 66 34
Male 9 51 60 40 11 55 66 34 11 56 67 33
American Indian 4 53 57 43 9 55 64 36 11 52 63 37
Asian 20 60 80 20 22 62 84 16 22 61 84 16
Black 2 36 39 61 3 43 46 54 3 46 49 51
Hispanic 3 39 42 58 4 46 50 50 4 48 52 48
Native Hawaiian 7 54 61 39 9 58 66 34 9 63 72 28
White 10 60 70 30 12 64 76 24 13 65 78 22
Multiple Races 9 54 63 37 11 60 71 29 11 61 72 28
Students with Disabilities 5 25 31 69 6 30 36 64 5 33 38 62
Students without Disabilities 8 55 64 36 10 60 70 30 11 61 71 29
Economically Disadvantaged 3 38 40 60 4 45 49 51 4 47 51 49
Not Economically Disadvantaged 11 60 72 28 14 63 77 23 14 64 78 22
English Learners 1 10 12 88 1 19 20 80 1 24 25 75
Migrant 3 25 28 72 5 32 37 63 - 38 38 63
Homeless 1 24 26 74 2 29 31 69 2 33 34 66
Military Connected 11 61 73 27 13 67 79 21 14 67 81 19
Foster Care 7 46 53 47 5 39 44 56 5 38 43 57
Grade 5 Science Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 40 50 50 13 47 61 39 15 51 66 34
Female 8 39 48 52 12 47 59 41 13 52 65 35
Male 11 41 52 48 15 48 62 38 18 50 67 33
American Indian 6 39 45 55 16 45 61 39 18 49 67 33
Asian 21 50 71 29 26 53 79 21 28 54 83 17
Black 3 24 27 73 5 34 39 61 6 42 48 52
Hispanic 4 27 31 69 6 39 45 55 8 44 52 48
Native Hawaiian 8 44 52 48 13 49 62 38 15 55 70 30
White 12 50 62 38 18 55 73 27 21 56 77 23
Multiple Races 10 42 53 47 15 51 66 34 16 55 71 29
Students with Disabilities 7 21 28 72 7 27 34 66 7 32 38 62
Students without Disabilities 10 43 53 47 14 51 65 35 17 54 71 29
Economically Disadvantaged 3 27 31 69 5 38 43 57 7 44 51 49
Not Economically Disadvantaged 14 50 64 36 19 55 74 26 22 56 78 22
English Learners 1 8 9 91 2 21 23 77 2 28 29 71
Migrant - 13 13 87 - 20 20 80 - 38 38 63
Homeless 2 16 19 81 3 23 25 75 3 29 32 68
Military Connected 14 51 65 35 17 59 77 23 22 58 80 20
Foster Care 14 39 53 47 7 40 47 53 9 43 52 48
Grade 8 Science Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 6 52 58 42 6 55 61 39 7 55 62 38
Female 5 52 57 43 5 55 60 40 6 54 60 40
Male 7 52 59 41 7 55 62 38 9 55 64 36
American Indian 1 56 57 43 4 55 59 41 6 48 53 47
Asian 18 65 82 18 18 67 84 16 19 64 83 17
Black 2 33 35 65 2 39 41 59 2 40 42 58
Hispanic 3 39 41 59 2 44 46 54 3 44 47 53
Native Hawaiian 4 52 56 44 5 54 58 42 9 64 73 27
White 8 60 68 32 8 65 72 28 9 64 74 26
Multiple Races 7 55 62 38 8 61 68 32 9 59 67 33
Students with Disabilities 6 23 29 71 4 27 31 69 5 28 33 67
Students without Disabilities 7 56 62 38 6 59 66 34 8 59 67 33
Economically Disadvantaged 2 37 39 61 2 42 44 56 3 42 45 55
Not Economically Disadvantaged 9 62 71 29 9 65 74 26 11 64 75 25
English Learners 2 8 10 90 1 13 14 86 1 14 15 85
Migrant 6 25 31 69 - 42 42 58 - 19 19 81
Homeless 1 22 23 77 2 26 27 73 1 26 27 73
Military Connected 8 64 72 28 8 68 76 24 10 69 80 20
Foster Care 5 46 51 49 3 40 43 57 6 30 36 64
Biology Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 8 58 66 34 10 60 70 30 9 63 72 28
Female 8 60 67 33 9 62 71 29 8 65 73 27
Male 9 56 65 35 11 58 68 32 9 62 71 29
American Indian 4 57 61 39 8 61 69 31 10 57 68 32
Asian 22 63 85 15 24 62 86 14 22 65 87 13
Black 2 45 47 53 2 50 52 48 2 55 57 43
Hispanic 3 47 50 50 4 51 55 45 4 54 58 42
Native Hawaiian 8 64 71 29 8 67 75 25 6 69 75 25
White 10 65 76 24 13 67 80 20 11 70 82 18
Multiple Races 10 61 72 28 12 64 76 24 11 67 78 22
Students with Disabilities 2 28 30 70 3 33 35 65 2 39 41 59
Students without Disabilities 9 61 71 29 11 64 74 26 10 66 76 24
Economically Disadvantaged 2 45 48 52 3 51 54 46 3 55 58 42
Not Economically Disadvantaged 12 65 77 23 14 66 80 20 13 69 82 18
English Learners - 12 12 88 - 19 20 80 - 29 29 71
Migrant 4 25 29 71 9 26 35 65 - 57 57 43
Homeless 1 32 33 67 2 36 38 62 1 44 45 55
Military Connected 12 67 78 22 13 70 83 17 12 72 85 15
Foster Care 4 52 56 44 3 39 42 58 2 41 43 57
Chemistry Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 42 52 48 12 52 64 36 5 33 37 63
Female 8 41 49 51 10 52 61 39 4 32 36 64
Male 13 42 55 45 13 53 67 33 6 33 39 61
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < < <
Asian 31 47 78 22 27 57 84 16 14 48 62 38
Black 1 22 23 77 2 40 43 57 - 20 21 79
Hispanic 3 28 32 68 4 41 44 56 2 21 23 77
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < < < < < <
White 10 51 61 39 13 62 76 24 7 47 55 45
Multiple Races 6 56 62 38 13 53 65 35 8 38 46 54
Students with Disabilities 2 9 11 89 3 25 27 73 1 15 16 84
Students without Disabilities 11 43 54 46 12 54 66 34 5 35 40 60
Economically Disadvantaged 2 21 23 77 2 38 40 60 1 20 21 79
Not Economically Disadvantaged 13 48 61 39 15 58 73 27 8 43 51 49
English Learners 1 21 22 78 1 25 26 74 - 18 19 81
Migrant < < < <
Homeless - 20 20 80 - 35 35 65 - 6 6 94
Military Connected 8 57 65 35 9 62 71 29 5 58 63 37
Foster Care < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Earth Science Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 5 61 67 33 7 66 72 28 6 62 67 33
Female 5 61 65 35 6 66 71 29 4 61 66 34
Male 6 62 68 32 7 66 73 27 7 62 68 32
American Indian 4 64 68 32 5 60 65 35 4 59 63 37
Asian 11 69 80 20 15 71 86 14 15 66 81 19
Black 1 46 47 53 1 54 55 45 1 48 49 51
Hispanic 2 49 52 48 3 54 57 43 2 49 52 48
Native Hawaiian 8 63 71 29 9 69 78 22 7 59 66 34
White 7 69 76 24 9 74 83 17 8 72 80 20
Multiple Races 6 63 69 31 7 70 76 24 7 68 75 25
Students with Disabilities 1 33 34 66 1 40 41 59 1 36 37 63
Students without Disabilities 6 65 71 29 7 70 77 23 6 66 72 28
Economically Disadvantaged 2 48 50 50 2 56 58 42 2 51 53 47
Not Economically Disadvantaged 7 68 75 25 9 72 82 18 8 70 78 22
English Learners - 15 15 85 - 22 22 78 - 24 24 76
Migrant < < < < < < < < - 30 30 70
Homeless - 36 36 64 1 42 43 57 - 35 36 64
Military Connected 8 71 79 21 11 77 87 13 10 72 82 18
Foster Care - 38 38 63 4 41 45 55 - 42 42 58
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

History Performance: All Students

History results for 2020-2021 are not reported due to the widespread use of local history assessments because of the impact of COVID-19.

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state tests in history/social science. Virginia students are assessed in history/social science once in elementary school (Virginia Studies), once in middle school (Civics and Economics) and at the end of secondary courses (Geography, World History I, World History II and Virginia and United States History) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
History Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 50 66 34 15 50 65 35
Female 14 51 65 35 14 51 64 36
Male 18 49 67 33 17 49 66 34
American Indian 16 53 68 32 13 49 62 38
Asian 35 51 87 13 34 52 86 14
Black 6 41 47 53 6 42 48 52
Hispanic 9 46 56 44 9 47 55 45
Native Hawaiian 17 55 72 28 17 52 69 31
White 21 55 76 24 21 55 76 24
Multiple Races 17 52 69 31 17 52 69 31
Students with Disabilities 5 30 35 65 5 30 35 65
Students without Disabilities 18 52 70 30 17 53 70 30
Economically Disadvantaged 8 44 51 49 7 45 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 23 54 77 23 22 54 77 23
English Learners 3 27 30 70 3 29 32 68
Migrant - 43 43 57 2 26 29 71
Homeless 4 33 37 63 3 34 37 63
Military Connected 23 57 80 20 22 57 80 20
Foster Care 7 36 43 57 6 34 40 60
VA & US History Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 3 36 38 62 2 36 38 62
Female 2 36 39 61 2 34 36 64
Male 3 36 38 62 2 37 39 61
American Indian - 42 42 58 - 35 35 65
Asian 7 54 61 39 6 46 52 48
Black 1 25 26 74 - 28 28 72
Hispanic 1 25 26 74 1 29 30 70
Native Hawaiian 6 69 75 25 6 47 53 47
White 4 50 54 46 3 48 52 48
Multiple Races 2 46 48 52 3 40 43 57
Students with Disabilities - 17 18 82 - 19 19 81
Students without Disabilities 3 41 44 56 2 40 42 58
Economically Disadvantaged 1 25 26 74 - 28 29 71
Not Economically Disadvantaged 4 47 51 49 3 45 49 51
English Learners - 12 12 88 - 15 16 84
Migrant < < < < < < < <
Homeless 1 23 24 76 - 27 28 72
Military Connected 5 69 74 26 4 59 64 36
Foster Care - 21 21 79 - 21 21 79
World History I Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 56 66 34 10 56 66 34
Female 9 57 65 35 8 56 64 36
Male 12 55 67 33 11 56 67 33
American Indian 9 55 64 36 11 49 60 40
Asian 26 62 89 11 27 61 88 12
Black 4 45 48 52 4 47 50 50
Hispanic 6 50 56 44 6 49 55 45
Native Hawaiian 10 66 77 23 16 53 69 31
White 13 63 76 24 13 63 77 23
Multiple Races 11 59 70 30 10 60 71 29
Students with Disabilities 3 34 37 63 3 34 38 62
Students without Disabilities 11 59 70 30 11 59 70 30
Economically Disadvantaged 4 47 51 49 5 48 52 48
Not Economically Disadvantaged 15 63 77 23 14 62 77 23
English Learners 1 28 29 71 1 30 31 69
Migrant - 53 53 47 < < < <
Homeless 4 33 37 63 2 38 40 60
Military Connected 17 65 82 18 17 64 80 20
Foster Care 7 35 42 58 2 33 35 65
World History II Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 7 41 48 52 4 27 30 70
Female 4 40 45 55 2 25 28 72
Male 9 42 51 49 5 28 33 67
American Indian - 47 47 53 3 20 23 78
Asian 24 54 77 23 14 51 65 35
Black 2 27 29 71 1 19 20 80
Hispanic 4 34 37 63 2 21 23 77
Native Hawaiian 6 50 56 44 5 38 43 57
White 8 51 59 41 5 33 38 62
Multiple Races 7 42 49 51 5 30 35 65
Students with Disabilities 2 20 21 79 1 11 11 89
Students without Disabilities 7 43 51 49 4 29 33 67
Economically Disadvantaged 2 28 31 69 1 18 19 81
Not Economically Disadvantaged 10 50 60 40 6 35 41 59
English Learners 1 12 13 87 - 11 11 89
Migrant < < 100 0 < < < <
Homeless 1 30 31 69 1 18 19 81
Military Connected 9 54 63 37 8 42 50 50
Foster Care - 19 19 81 2 13 16 84
Geography Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 6 61 66 34 5 62 67 33
Female 4 61 65 35 4 62 66 34
Male 7 61 67 33 7 62 68 32
American Indian 4 63 67 33 9 65 74 26
Asian 11 72 83 17 14 71 85 15
Black 1 44 45 55 1 46 48 52
Hispanic 3 51 54 46 2 54 56 44
Native Hawaiian 5 67 72 28 2 67 70 30
White 8 70 78 22 7 69 77 23
Multiple Races 7 65 72 28 5 68 73 27
Students with Disabilities 1 31 32 68 1 32 33 67
Students without Disabilities 6 65 71 29 6 66 72 28
Economically Disadvantaged 2 49 52 48 2 53 54 46
Not Economically Disadvantaged 9 71 79 21 8 71 79 21
English Learners - 22 22 78 - 25 25 75
Migrant < < < < < < < <
Homeless 1 34 35 65 1 30 31 69
Military Connected 8 74 81 19 8 76 84 16
Foster Care 2 36 39 61 2 42 43 57
Civics & Econ Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 51 70 30 18 54 73 27
Female 17 53 70 30 17 56 73 27
Male 21 49 71 29 19 53 72 28
American Indian 19 54 73 27 11 55 66 34
Asian 42 48 90 10 40 51 91 9
Black 8 46 54 46 8 49 57 43
Hispanic 11 52 63 37 11 54 65 35
Native Hawaiian 21 51 72 28 18 55 73 27
White 25 54 79 21 23 58 81 19
Multiple Races 20 52 72 28 20 55 75 25
Students with Disabilities 5 30 35 65 4 33 37 63
Students without Disabilities 21 54 75 25 20 57 78 22
Economically Disadvantaged 9 48 57 43 8 51 60 40
Not Economically Disadvantaged 27 54 81 19 26 57 83 17
English Learners 2 25 27 73 1 27 28 72
Migrant - 64 64 36 < < < <
Homeless 5 38 43 57 4 41 44 56
Military Connected 26 57 83 17 24 62 85 15
Foster Care 5 40 46 54 6 46 51 49
VA Studies Performance 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 42 66 34 24 44 69 31
Female 21 43 64 36 21 46 67 33
Male 28 40 68 32 28 43 71 29
American Indian 25 50 74 26 24 49 72 28
Asian 46 40 86 14 45 43 88 12
Black 10 35 45 55 11 40 51 49
Hispanic 16 42 57 43 16 45 61 39
Native Hawaiian 26 44 70 30 26 46 72 28
White 32 45 76 24 31 46 78 22
Multiple Races 25 44 69 31 24 45 70 30
Students with Disabilities 9 28 37 63 9 31 39 61
Students without Disabilities 27 44 70 30 27 47 74 26
Economically Disadvantaged 12 39 51 49 13 43 56 44
Not Economically Disadvantaged 34 44 78 22 34 46 80 20
English Learners 7 35 42 58 9 40 48 52
Migrant - 45 45 55 8 31 38 62
Homeless 5 30 35 65 6 32 38 62
Military Connected 34 47 80 20 33 48 81 19
Foster Care 16 42 58 42 14 35 49 51
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

2020-20212021-20222022-2023
State1,3244,0064,460
Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)

Student Group Below Basic Basic Proficient Advanced Virginia Students at or Above Proficient Nation at or Above Proficient

NAEP Participation Rate

Student Group Virginia Participation Rate

Virginia Alternate Assessment Program Participation Rates

Reading
Subject Area Number of Students Taking VAAP Tests Total Number of Students Percent of Students Taking VAAP Tests
Number and percentage of students participating in the Virginia Alternate Assessment Program.

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2021-20222022-2023
Pre-kindergarten32,54635,899
Kindergarten87,37586,517
Grade 187,19593,004
Grade 289,56389,390
Grade 390,01891,063
Grade 490,91491,621
Grade 591,39392,506
Grade 692,45892,636
Grade 795,11593,320
Grade 898,93196,289
Grade 9109,631108,877
Grade 1098,272104,319
Grade 1194,11293,621
Grade 1294,57494,463
Post Graduate7680
Total Students1,252,1731,263,605

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2022 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status. The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:
  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.
.
Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2021-20222022-2023
All Students12521731263605
Female607519611689
Male644146651072
American Indian32203293
Asian9283794973
Black273259273624
Hispanic226233236811
Native Hawaiian20271983
White573688568568
Multiple Races8090984353
Students with Disabilities169725174317
Students without Disabilities10824481089288
Economically Disadvantaged513623556792
Not Economically Disadvantaged738550706813
English Learners161225172913
Not English Learners10909481090692
Migrant224207
Homeless80068998
Military Connected6919269555
Foster Care28372831
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

College & Career Readiness

Diplomas and Completion

Class of 2023: All Students

Most Virginia students earn either an Advanced Studies Diploma or a Standard Diploma.

To graduate with an Advanced Studies Diploma, a student must earn at least 26 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives and at least nine verified units of credit by passing Standards of Learning end-of-course assessments in English, mathematics, science and history. Students who entered the ninth grade in 2013-2014 and afterwards must also successfully complete one virtual course.

To graduate with a Standard Diploma, a student must earn at least 22 standard units of credit by passing required courses and electives, and earn at least six verified credits by passing end-of-course SOL tests or other assessments approved by the Board of Education. Students who entered the ninth grade in 2013-2014 and afterwards must earn a board-approved career and technical education credential to graduate and successfully complete one virtual course.

The Applied Studies Diploma and Modified Standard Diploma are available for certain students with disabilities.

Status of the Students in the 2022-2023 Cohort
Student Subgroup Advanced Diplomas Standard Diplomas Other Diplomas GED's Dropouts Other Non-Graduates
All Students 50941 37883 2120 845 5319 1819
Female 27811 16344 671 288 1971 747
Male 23072 21492 1448 557 3346 1069
American Indian 120 112 5 2 8 9
Asian 6009 1299 108 12 87 30
Black 8188 10171 708 177 1106 701
Hispanic 6685 7832 305 130 2570 425
Native Hawaiian 96 62 1 1 3 2
White 26830 16390 881 458 1333 565
Multiple Races 3013 2017 112 65 212 87
Students with Disabilities 1491 7326 2120 117 920 94
Economically Disadvantaged 12376 19803 1180 475 2916 1248
English Learners 1612 4284 306 28 2112 174
Migrant 0 9 0 0 3 0
Homeless 183 697 76 17 189 78
Military Connected 2401 1298 51 21 47 32
Foster Care 25 145 23 13 82 21
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Four-Year Virginia On-Time Graduation Rate

On-Time Graduation Rate Over Time: All Students

The Virginia On-Time Graduation Rate is based on four years of longitudinal student-level data and accounts for student mobility, changes in student enrollment, and local decisions on the promotion and retention of students. The formula also recognizes that some students with disabilities and English learners are allowed more than the standard four years to earn a diploma and are still counted as “on-time” graduates.

Graduates are defined as students who earn an Advanced Studies Diploma, Standard Diploma, Modified Standard Diploma, or Applied Studies Diploma. On-time graduates are students who earn one of these diplomas within four years of entering the ninth grade. Special education students and English learners who have plans in place that allow them more time to graduate are counted as on-time graduates or as non-graduates when they earn a diploma or otherwise exit high school.

Status of Students After Four Years of High School
Students Subgroup Students in Cohort Graduates On-Time Graduation Rate Completers Completion Rate Cohort Dropouts Cohort Dropout Rate
All Students98,92790,9449291,932935,3195
Female47,83244,8269445,177941,9714
Male50,98446,0129046,649923,3467
American Indian256237932399383
Asian7,5457,416987,43299871
Black21,05119,0679119,270921,1065
Hispanic17,94714,8228315,041842,57014
Native Hawaiian165159961609732
White46,45744,1019544,581961,3333
Multiple Races5,5065,142935,209952124
Students with Disabilities12,10210,9379011,075929208
Economically Disadvantaged37,99833,3598833,925892,9168
English Learners8,5486,202736,324742,11225
Migrant12975975325
Homeless1,240956779807918915
Military Connected3,8503,750973,77398471
Foster Care30919363207678227
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Advanced Program Information: Number and Percentage of Students Enrolled in Advanced Programs

Advanced Program Information - Count/Percentage
Program Type 2020-20212021-20222022-2023
Advanced Placement Test Taken52,580 / 13.34%62,074 / 15.66%68,569 / 17.1%
Advanced Placement Course Enrollment88,650 / 22.49%82,632 / 20.85%85,962 / 21.44%
Dual Enrollment43,852 / 11.12%41,460 / 10.46%46,361 / 11.56%
Governor's School Enrollment6,163 / 1.56%6,222 / 1.57%6,244 / 1.56%
IB Course Enrollment12,090 / 3.07%11,593 / 2.93%12,083 / 3.01%
Senior Enrolled in IB Program1,299 / .33%1,379 / .35%1,483 / .37%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Postsecondary Enrollment

2019-2020 Postsecondary Enrollment: All Students

Postsecondary enrollment reports show the number and percent of Virginia high school graduates who enrolled in an institution of higher education within sixteen months of graduating from high school. In keeping with federal reporting requirements, postsecondary enrollment reports only include students who earned an Advanced Studies Diploma, International Baccalaureate Diploma or Standard Diploma; students who earned other Virginia Board of Education-approved diplomas are not counted as graduates in the calculation. Reports are available at the state, division and school levels for all students and for student subgroups. The data represent the best available estimates at this time of postsecondary enrollment. There is currently no definitive source of all postsecondary enrollment records by state, division or school. Virginia Department of Education and external researchers have determined that the best available estimates contained in the postsecondary enrollment reports are likely underestimates, but capture at least 88 percent of Virginia public high school graduates’ postsecondary enrollments.
2019-2020 FGI cohort year (students entering high school in 2016)
Total number of students in the cohort earning a federally recognized high school diploma Students who enrolled in any Institution of Higher Education (IHE) within 16 months of earning a federally recognized high school diploma
Total Total HE Remaining Percent
All Students87,31757,08135
Female43,70531,57728
Male43,61225,50442
American Indian23213044
Asian6,7415,86213
Black18,62410,60143
Hispanic12,1106,62245
Native Hawaiian1329330
White45,09830,84432
Multiple Races4,3802,92933
Students with Disabilities8,1853,54857
Economically Disadvantaged30,33514,98751
English Learners6,5793,31950
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results.
- = no data available for that group
* = Data not yet available
This report provides the best available estimates about college enrollment according to the National Student Clearinghouse.
For more information, see the answers to Frequently Asked Questions about this report at: http://www.doe.virginia.gov/school_finance/arra/stabilization/reported_data/assurance_c/faq_c11.pdf
Students who attended schools that do not participate in NSC are not included in the number or percent of students enrolled in an IHE.
Federally recognized high school diplomas include Standard, Advanced Studies, or International Baccalaureate (IB) diplomas. Most subgroups are based on students' most recent status.

Career & Technical Education

Students Earning One or More CTE Credentials: All Students

Virginia’s 16 career clusters help students investigate careers and design a rigorous and relevant plan of study to advance their career goals. Each career cluster contains multiple pathways that represent a common set of academic, technical and work-place skills. Career pathways lead to credentials that qualify students for a range of career opportunities from entry to professional level. A credential is defined as:
  • State-Issued Professional License, required for entry into a specific occupation as determined by a Virginia state licensing agency;
  • Full Industry Certification, from a recognized industry, trade, or professional association validating essential skills of a particular occupation;
  • Pathway Industry Certification, which may consist of entry-level exams as a component of a suite of exams in an industry certification program leading toward full certification; or
  • Occupational competency assessment, a national standardized assessment of skills/knowledge in a specific career and/or technical area, (NOCTI).
Virginia defines a CTE completer as a student who has met the requirements for a career and technical concentration and all requirements for high school graduation or an approved alternative education program.
Career and Technical Education
2020-20212021-20222022-2023
NOCTI Assessments1,5422,5903,844
State Licensures1,0771,2361,563
Industry Certification51,68595,688100,255
Workplace Readiness16,88544,34841,819
Total Credentials Earned71,189143,862147,481
Students Earning One or More Credentials60,992115,682117,932
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Examination302761962
CTE Completers42,30345,09445,627

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Finance

Percentage of Expenditures for Instruction

State

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves. Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.
School State - Percentage of Expenditures for Instruction
  2019-2020 2020-2021 2021-2022
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
67.5 67.4 64.7

Per-Pupil Spending

2021-2022 Per-Pupil Spending

Expenditures included in per-pupil calculations include actual personnel and non-personnel costs. The per-pupil expenditure calculations exclude expenditures that are not directly related to educational services provided to students in pre-kindergarten classes as well as in grades K-12. Excluded expenditures include adult education, community services, non-regular school day programs, capital purchases, debt service, food services, and fund transfers.

Per-Pupil Expenditures State
End-of-Year Average Daily Membership
School-Level Expenditures Per-Pupil
Federal
State/Local
Total
Division-Level Expenditures Per-Pupil
Federal
State/Local
Total
Total Per-Pupil Expenditures
Expenditure Summary
Excluded from Per-Pupil Formula
Total Expenditures

Sources of Financial Support

State

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth's public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources. Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality's share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth's Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. . While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.  
Sources of Financial Support Per-Pupil
  Local State Federal
2019-2020$6,770$5,603$867
2020-2021$6,669$6,185$1,352
2021-2022$7,134$6,454$1,936