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Hickory Middle

General school information

Category: Middle (06-08) School
Phone: 757-421-0468
Address: 1997 Hawk Blvd Chesapeake, VA 23322
Principal: Dr. Deborah T. Hutchens
Superintendent: Dr. Jared A. Cotton
School Number: 280
Region: 2
Division: Chesapeake City Public Schools
Division Number: 136
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Accountability

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

ACCREDITATION

2018 Accreditation Status: Accredited
(School accreditation ratings for 2019 will be released in September.)

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel One
MathematicsLevel One

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One
  • Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
  • Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
  • Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level One Level One
Economically Disadvantaged Level One Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level Two Level One
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state reading tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course (EOC) reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 66 89 11 22 69 90 10 19 69 88 12
Female 29 62 91 9 23 69 92 8 21 71 92 8
Male 19 69 87 13 21 68 89 11 18 67 85 15
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < < <
Asian 37 49 86 14 36 56 92 8 32 62 94 6
Black 13 63 76 24 19 67 85 15 16 70 87 13
Hispanic 22 66 87 13 25 66 91 9 11 72 84 16
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < 100 0 < < < <
White 24 66 90 10 23 68 91 9 20 70 89 11
Two or more races 25 69 94 6 12 82 93 7 21 62 83 17
Students with Disabilities 10 49 59 41 9 51 60 40 5 48 54 46
Students without Disabilities 26 69 95 5 25 72 97 3 22 73 95 5
Economically Disadvantaged 15 62 78 22 15 64 79 21 6 67 73 27
Not Economically Disadvantaged 25 66 90 10 23 69 92 8 21 69 90 10
English Learners 18 53 71 29 < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 27 65 92 8 18 73 91 9
Foster Care < < < < < < 100 0
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 32 58 90 10 24 64 89 11 24 65 88 12
Female 35 55 89 11 26 66 92 8 26 69 95 5
Male 30 61 91 9 23 63 86 14 21 61 82 18
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < 100 0
Asian < < 100 0 30 50 80 20 36 64 100 0
Black 26 48 74 26 27 65 92 8 17 83 100 0
Hispanic 22 66 88 13 13 71 83 17 20 57 77 23
Native Hawaiian < < 100 0 < < < <
White 34 57 91 9 25 64 89 11 24 65 89 11
Two or more races 25 68 93 7 17 76 93 7 25 58 83 17
Students with Disabilities 16 45 61 39 10 45 55 45 7 53 60 40
Students without Disabilities 35 60 96 4 28 69 96 4 27 67 94 6
Economically Disadvantaged 21 59 79 21 12 66 78 22 11 68 79 21
Not Economically Disadvantaged 33 58 91 9 26 64 90 10 25 64 90 10
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 30 58 88 12 18 70 88 12
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 21 70 91 9 25 70 95 5 20 67 87 13
Female 28 65 94 6 26 67 94 6 22 69 90 10
Male 14 74 89 11 24 71 95 5 19 65 84 16
American Indian < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Asian 50 43 93 7 36 64 100 0 30 50 80 20
Black 15 61 76 24 22 74 96 4 28 60 88 12
Hispanic 13 80 93 7 32 65 97 3 4 73 77 23
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < <
White 21 71 92 8 25 69 95 5 20 68 88 12
Two or more races 23 75 98 3 15 79 94 6 29 67 96 4
Students with Disabilities 7 53 60 40 9 66 75 25 7 43 50 50
Students without Disabilities 24 74 98 2 28 70 98 2 24 72 96 4
Economically Disadvantaged 20 61 80 20 18 69 86 14 5 57 61 39
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 71 92 8 26 70 96 4 22 68 90 10
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 28 68 97 3 20 71 91 9
Foster Care < < 100 0
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 19 68 87 13 17 71 88 12 14 75 89 11
Female 26 66 91 9 19 72 90 10 15 75 90 10
Male 14 69 83 17 16 71 86 14 13 75 88 12
American Indian < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Asian 15 54 69 31 40 53 93 7 31 69 100 0
Black - 78 78 22 13 64 77 23 - 72 72 28
Hispanic 27 57 84 16 28 63 91 9 10 87 97 3
White 19 69 88 12 17 72 89 11 15 75 90 10
Two or more races 28 64 92 8 5 88 93 8 12 62 74 26
Students with Disabilities 10 47 57 43 9 43 52 48 2 50 52 48
Students without Disabilities 21 71 93 7 19 77 95 5 16 79 95 5
Economically Disadvantaged 8 66 74 26 17 56 73 27 3 76 79 21
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 68 88 12 17 73 90 10 15 75 90 10
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 23 69 92 8 15 79 93 7
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
EOC English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Writing Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state writing tests. Virginia students are assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in most high schools with a state end-of-course (EOC) writing test. If a high school administers a locally developed writing assessment, results are not included in this chart as scores on locally developed writing assessments are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 30 58 88 12 31 54 85 15 23 62 85 15
Female 41 50 91 9 40 50 89 11 26 64 90 10
Male 19 66 85 15 23 58 80 20 21 59 80 20
American Indian < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Asian 54 38 92 8 50 43 93 7 46 54 100 0
Black 11 70 81 19 17 58 75 25 11 68 79 21
Hispanic 27 58 85 15 34 47 81 19 29 55 84 16
White 31 58 89 11 31 54 85 15 23 62 86 14
Two or more races 23 63 86 14 35 55 90 10 21 59 79 21
Students with Disabilities 12 51 63 37 5 42 47 53 2 52 53 47
Students without Disabilities 33 60 93 7 36 57 93 7 27 63 91 9
Economically Disadvantaged 12 63 75 25 17 55 72 28 5 64 69 31
Not Economically Disadvantaged 31 58 89 11 32 54 86 14 25 61 87 13
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 34 54 87 13 24 67 90 10
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 30 58 88 12 31 54 85 15 23 62 85 15
Female 41 50 91 9 40 50 89 11 26 64 90 10
Male 19 66 85 15 23 58 80 20 21 59 80 20
American Indian < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Asian 54 38 92 8 50 43 93 7 46 54 100 0
Black 11 70 81 19 17 58 75 25 11 68 79 21
Hispanic 27 58 85 15 34 47 81 19 29 55 84 16
White 31 58 89 11 31 54 85 15 23 62 86 14
Two or more races 23 63 86 14 35 55 90 10 21 59 79 21
Students with Disabilities 12 51 63 37 5 42 47 53 2 52 53 47
Students without Disabilities 33 60 93 7 36 57 93 7 27 63 91 9
Economically Disadvantaged 12 63 75 25 17 55 72 28 5 64 69 31
Not Economically Disadvantaged 31 58 89 11 32 54 86 14 25 61 87 13
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 34 54 87 13 24 67 90 10
EOC Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Math Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state mathematics tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of secondary courses (Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 74 91 9 17 72 89 11 19 72 90 10
Female 16 76 92 8 16 75 91 9 18 74 92 8
Male 17 72 89 11 19 69 88 12 19 70 89 11
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < < <
Asian 43 51 94 6 41 49 89 11 44 47 91 9
Black 12 69 81 19 16 60 76 24 20 69 89 11
Hispanic 11 80 91 9 11 76 88 13 8 81 89 11
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < < < < < <
White 16 75 91 9 17 73 90 10 18 73 91 9
Two or more races 20 74 94 6 16 77 92 8 23 65 89 11
Students with Disabilities 10 52 62 38 8 49 57 43 6 53 59 41
Students without Disabilities 18 78 96 4 19 76 96 4 21 76 97 3
Economically Disadvantaged 9 69 78 22 11 57 68 32 4 73 77 23
Not Economically Disadvantaged 17 75 92 8 18 74 91 9 20 72 92 8
English Learners 22 61 83 17 < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 19 71 90 10 19 74 93 7
Foster Care < < < < < < 100 0
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 12 81 92 8 16 69 85 15 7 81 89 11
Female 12 81 93 7 15 71 85 15 7 83 90 10
Male 11 80 91 9 17 68 85 15 8 80 87 13
American Indian < < < < < < < < < < 100 0
Asian < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Black 25 63 88 13 29 59 88 12 - 87 87 13
Hispanic 10 90 100 0 12 65 76 24 - 88 88 12
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < <
White 10 82 92 8 16 70 86 14 8 81 89 11
Two or more races 24 71 94 6 5 84 89 11 11 72 83 17
Students with Disabilities 8 63 72 28 8 46 54 46 6 61 67 33
Students without Disabilities 13 86 99 1 19 78 97 3 8 88 96 4
Economically Disadvantaged 6 82 88 12 6 54 60 40 5 80 85 15
Not Economically Disadvantaged 12 80 93 7 17 72 90 10 8 82 89 11
English Learners < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Military Connected 20 67 88 13 9 82 91 9
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 10 74 84 16 10 76 86 14 8 75 83 17
Female 11 76 87 13 11 78 89 11 9 79 87 13
Male 10 72 82 18 8 74 83 17 8 72 79 21
American Indian < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Asian < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Black 13 56 69 31 12 71 82 18 15 77 92 8
Hispanic 4 89 93 7 13 75 88 13 - 76 76 24
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < <
White 11 74 85 15 9 77 87 13 9 74 84 16
Two or more races 9 78 87 13 4 83 88 13 - 100 100 0
Students with Disabilities 9 42 51 49 4 54 58 42 7 44 51 49
Students without Disabilities 11 85 96 4 11 82 93 7 9 87 96 4
Economically Disadvantaged 16 55 70 30 6 60 66 34 - 64 64 36
Not Economically Disadvantaged 10 76 86 14 10 79 89 11 9 77 86 14
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 14 74 88 12 10 77 87 13
Foster Care < < 100 0
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 14 76 90 10 11 76 88 12 23 68 91 9
Female 13 79 91 9 11 78 89 11 23 69 92 8
Male 15 74 88 12 11 75 86 14 23 68 90 10
American Indian < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Asian < < < < 21 79 100 0 53 40 93 7
Black 9 75 84 16 11 53 64 36 32 50 82 18
Hispanic 9 74 83 17 7 80 87 13 20 73 93 7
White 14 77 91 9 11 78 90 10 21 71 92 8
Two or more races 12 83 95 5 13 78 91 9 22 59 81 19
Students with Disabilities 10 55 65 35 8 49 58 42 3 55 58 42
Students without Disabilities 14 80 94 6 12 82 94 6 26 70 96 4
Economically Disadvantaged 4 72 75 25 17 55 72 28 7 71 78 22
Not Economically Disadvantaged 15 76 91 9 11 79 89 11 25 68 93 7
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 14 74 88 12 22 72 95 5
Algebra I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 30 68 98 2 28 69 97 3 29 69 98 2
Female 29 68 98 2 23 76 99 1 30 70 100 0
Male 30 68 98 2 32 63 95 5 28 68 96 4
Asian 53 47 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < 100 0 19 69 88 13 < < 100 0
Hispanic 31 69 100 0 7 93 100 0 < < 100 0
White 28 69 97 3 30 68 98 3 28 69 97 3
Two or more races 47 53 100 0 33 67 100 0 55 45 100 0
Students with Disabilities < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Students without Disabilities 30 68 98 2 28 70 98 2 29 69 98 2
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Not Economically Disadvantaged 30 68 98 2 28 69 97 3 30 68 98 2
Military Connected 29 69 98 2 34 66 100 0
Geometry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 45 53 98 2 50 50 100 0 48 52 100 0
Female 43 57 100 0 42 58 100 0 43 57 100 0
Male 48 48 95 5 57 43 100 0 51 49 100 0
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Hispanic < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
White 47 51 98 2 47 53 100 0 45 55 100 0
Two or more races < < 100 0 40 60 100 0 < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities < < < < < < 100 0
Students without Disabilities 44 56 100 0 50 50 100 0 48 52 100 0
Economically Disadvantaged < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Not Economically Disadvantaged 45 53 98 2 50 50 100 0 49 51 100 0
Military Connected 39 61 100 0 50 50 100 0
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Algebra II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Science Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state science tests. Virginia students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of secondary courses (Earth Science, Biology and Chemistry) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 20 76 95 5 23 70 93 7 29 62 91 9
Female 19 77 96 4 19 73 92 8 20 70 90 10
Male 20 75 95 5 27 67 94 6 38 53 92 8
American Indian < < 100 0 < < < <
Asian 38 62 100 0 56 38 94 6 46 54 100 0
Black 4 81 85 15 2 74 77 23 11 61 72 28
Hispanic 14 80 94 6 23 71 94 6 29 65 94 6
White 20 76 96 4 24 70 94 6 30 63 93 7
Two or more races 22 75 97 3 23 73 95 5 26 56 82 18
Students with Disabilities 14 69 83 17 1 60 61 39 5 55 59 41
Students without Disabilities 21 77 98 2 27 72 99 1 34 63 96 4
Economically Disadvantaged 2 83 85 15 4 69 73 27 13 71 84 16
Not Economically Disadvantaged 21 75 97 3 24 70 95 5 31 61 92 8
English Learners < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 25 69 94 6 33 59 92 8
Grade 8 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 20 76 95 5 23 70 93 7 29 62 91 9
Female 19 77 96 4 19 73 92 8 20 70 90 10
Male 21 75 95 5 27 67 94 6 39 53 92 8
American Indian < < 100 0 < < < <
Asian 38 62 100 0 56 38 94 6 55 45 100 0
Black 4 81 85 15 2 74 77 23 11 61 72 28
Hispanic 14 80 94 6 23 71 94 6 29 65 94 6
White 20 76 96 4 24 70 94 6 30 63 93 7
Two or more races 22 75 97 3 23 73 95 5 26 56 82 18
Students with Disabilities 14 68 83 17 1 60 61 39 5 55 59 41
Students without Disabilities 21 77 98 2 27 72 99 1 34 63 96 4
Economically Disadvantaged 2 83 85 15 4 68 72 28 13 71 84 16
Not Economically Disadvantaged 22 75 97 3 24 70 95 5 31 61 92 8
English Learners < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 26 68 94 6 33 59 92 8
Earth Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Male < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Asian < < 100 0
Students without Disabilities < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Not Economically Disadvantaged < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Grade 5 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Biology Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Chemistry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

History Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state tests in history/social science. Virginia students are assessed in history/social science once in elementary school (Virginia Studies), once in middle school (Civics and Economics) and at the end of secondary courses (Geography, World History I, World History II and Virginia and United States History) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 38 55 93 7 34 56 90 10 34 56 90 10
Female 35 57 91 9 32 59 91 9 34 58 92 8
Male 42 54 95 5 35 54 89 11 34 54 89 11
American Indian < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Asian < < < < 60 20 80 20 73 27 100 0
Black 26 57 83 17 42 50 92 8 33 39 72 28
Hispanic 38 63 100 0 29 58 88 13 23 57 80 20
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < <
White 39 55 94 6 33 57 90 10 35 57 92 8
Two or more races 39 54 93 7 34 66 100 0 25 67 92 8
Students with Disabilities 14 58 73 27 11 46 57 43 10 56 66 34
Students without Disabilities 43 55 97 3 39 59 97 3 39 56 95 5
Economically Disadvantaged 15 73 88 13 12 60 72 28 11 74 85 15
Not Economically Disadvantaged 40 54 94 6 36 56 92 8 37 54 91 9
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < 100 0
Military Connected 35 55 90 10 32 59 90 10
Civics & Econ Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 38 55 93 7 33 57 90 10 34 56 91 9
Female 35 57 92 8 31 60 91 9 34 58 92 8
Male 41 54 95 5 35 54 90 10 35 54 89 11
American Indian < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Asian < < < < < < < < 73 27 100 0
Black 23 59 82 18 40 52 92 8 33 39 72 28
Hispanic 39 61 100 0 29 58 88 13 23 57 80 20
Native Hawaiian < < < < < < < <
White 39 55 94 6 33 57 90 10 35 57 92 8
Two or more races 39 54 93 7 34 66 100 0 25 67 92 8
Students with Disabilities 11 61 72 28 7 49 56 44 11 56 67 33
Students without Disabilities 43 55 97 3 39 59 97 3 39 56 95 5
Economically Disadvantaged 8 78 86 14 12 61 74 26 11 76 87 13
Not Economically Disadvantaged 41 54 94 6 36 56 92 8 37 54 91 9
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < 100 0
Military Connected 35 55 91 9 32 59 90 10
VA & US History Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
World History I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
World History II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Geography Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
VA Studies Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

2016-20172017-20182018-2019
School131
Division273254
State4,2272,7623,719
Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

Virginia Alternate Assessment Program Participation Rates

Reading
Subject Area Number of Students Taking VAAP Tests Total Number of Students Percent of Students Taking VAAP Tests
Number and percentage of students participating in the Virginia Alternate Assessment Program.

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Grade 6478495412
Grade 7576505446
Grade 8571591428
Total Students1,6251,5911,286

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2018 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status. The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:
  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.
.
Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
All Students162515911286
Female788770629
Male837821657
American Indian268
Asian363433
Black919361
Hispanic1159082
Native Hawaiian422
White127412601027
Two or more races10310673
Students with Disabilities246263213
Students without Disabilities137913281073
Economically Disadvantaged160180146
Not Economically Disadvantaged146514111140
English Learners192528
Not English Learners160615661258
Homeless13-
Military Connected367394303
Foster Care421
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Statewide Expenditures

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances. Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates. The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.
School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Type Local Funding State Federal
2015-2016Division4,698.005,372.00694.00
State6,084.004,849.00812.00
2016-2017Division4,903.005,624.00738.00
State6,248.005,052.00871.00
2017-2018Division4,986.005,883.00747.00
State6,462.005,219.00867.00

Learning Climate

Chronic Absenteeism

Chronic Absenteeism 2018-2019 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:
  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can't read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Subgroup Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above
All Students1,555881,529731,24473
Female745497373761632
Male810397923662841
American Indian<<<<<<
Asian360380350
Black914876584
Hispanic1078805846
Native Hawaiian<<<<<<
White1,212721,2145598256
Two or more races10241025756
Students with Disabilities255232482321620
Economically Disadvantaged173211662313817
English Learners171212245
Homeless<<<<<<
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2017-2018 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Offenses Against Student 11
Weapons Offenses <
Other Offenses Against Persons 40
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses 32
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses <
Technology Offenses <

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Short-Term Suspensions

Short-Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Short-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.10.4
Asian2.22.12.5
Black5.625.55.826.6
Hispanic7.19.25.76.3
Native Hawaiian0.20.1
White78.460.279.259.5
Two or more races6.35.16.75.1
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Long-Term Suspensions

Long-Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Long-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Long-Term Suspensions% Population% Long-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.10.4
Asian2.22.1
Black5.65.8
Hispanic7.15.7
Native Hawaiian0.20.1
White78.410079.2100
Two or more races6.36.7
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Expulsions
  2016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.10.4
Asian2.22.1
Black5.65.8
Hispanic7.15.7
Native Hawaiian0.20.1
White78.410079.2100
Two or more races6.36.7
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.   At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division. Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals. See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.
Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 10.111.311.6
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level. Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health. Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.  
Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 10.7106.5
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program. School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.  
Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 51.345.635.2
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Civil Rights Data Collection

The Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) is a survey of all public schools and school districts in the United States. The CRDC includes data on student access to courses, programs, staff, and resources relevant to educational equity and opportunity for students.​

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights reports information collected through the CRDC in carrying out its mission “to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights.”​

More information about the Civil Rights Data Collection is available on the Virginia Department of Education website.

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality All Schools
Poverty Level Out-of-Field Teachers Inexperienced Teachers Out-of-Field and Inexperienced Teachers

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentages of teachers who are teaching out of field (not fully endorsed for the content they are teaching) or who are inexperienced (less than one year of classroom experience). Percentages are reported for Title I schools, non-Title I schools, all schools and for high-poverty and low-poverty schools.

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  All Teachers Special Education Teachers
This School1.9%1%
Division3.6%1.5%
State7.3%1.8%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentages of all teachers and special education teachers who are teaching with a provisional license.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2018-2019

No additional explanation available.
Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2016-201736%62%1%1%
2017-201839%57%1%3%
2018-201941%55%1%3%
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Every Student Succeeds Act

2018 ESSA Status: Not Identified for Support and Improvement
2018 Accreditation Status: Accredited

ESSA School Quality Indicators Summary

Student GroupEnglish Reading PerformanceMathematics PerformanceEnglish Learner ProgressChronic AbsenteeismFederal Graduation Indicator
All StudentsYesYes-Yes-
AsianYesYes-Yes-
BlackYesYes-Yes-
HispanicYesYes-Yes-
WhiteYesYes-Yes-
Economically DisadvantagedYesYes-Yes-
English LearnersYesYesTSTS-
Students with DisabilitiesYesYes-Yes-

Yes = Annual target met
Yes - CP = Annual target met and improved from previous year
Yes - No CP = Annual target met and did not improve from previous year
No = Annual target not met
TS = Too few students to evaluate
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) requires states to set annual and long-term targets for raising the achievement of all students. Virginia schools are focused on the following school quality indicators in meeting the objectives of the federal law:
  • Reading performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in reading
  • Mathematics performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in mathematics
  • Growth in reading and mathematics — percentage of students in the school either passing state tests in reading and mathematics or making significant progress toward passing
  • English learner progress — percentage of English learners making progress toward English-language proficiency
  • Chronic absenteeism — percentage of students missing 10 percent or more of the school year, regardless of reason (students receiving homebound and home-based instruction excluded)
  • Federal Graduation Indicator — percentage of students graduating within four years of entering the ninth grade with a Standard Diploma or Advanced Studies Diploma
More information about ESSA implementation in Virginia is available on the Virginia Department of Education website. Detailed state assessment results — including results by test type and student groups — are available on VDOE’s Test Results Build-A-Table data tool.

ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Reading

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students91%90%73%75%
Asian92%90%87%75%
Black86%80%60%75%
Hispanic91%88%63%75%
White91%90%81%75%
Economically Disadvantaged80%79%62%75%
English Learners67%70%53%75%
Students with Disabilities61%60%39%75%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in reading in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 75 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state reading tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance as compared to the previous year. Note: Reading pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.

ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Mathematics

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students89%90%74%70%
Asian89%94%89%70%
Black76%77%60%70%
Hispanic90%89%64%70%
White90%91%81%70%
Economically Disadvantaged69%74%63%70%
English Learners70%76%57%70%
Students with Disabilities58%60%42%70%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in mathematics in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 70 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state mathematics tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance during the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance compared to the previous year. Note: Mathematics pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time on one of the following state tests: Algebra I, Geometry or Algebra II.

ESSA Pass Rates: Science

Student GroupCurrent Rate
All Students93%
Asian94%
Black77%
Hispanic91%
White94%
Economically Disadvantaged73%
English Learners<
Students with Disabilities61%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires that students take state tests in science at least once during elementary school, once during middle school and once during high school. Note: Science pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance on the state Biology test of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.

Growth in Reading and Mathematics

Student GroupGrowth English ReadingGrowth Mathematics
All Students91%91%
Asian92%92%
Black87%78%
Hispanic92%90%
White92%92%
Economically Disadvantaged83%73%
English Learners71%74%
Students with Disabilities65%64%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015, growth in reading and mathematics is a factor in identifying elementary and middle schools for improvement and increased state support. The percentage of students showing growth in reading and mathematics includes students passing state tests and non-passing students who are making significant progress toward passing.

Chronic Absenteeism

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students5%5%9%10%
Asian--5%10%
Black6%6%9%10%
Hispanic6%7%9%10%
White4%5%9%10%
Economically Disadvantaged12%12%13%10%
English Learners9%10%8%10%
Students with Disabilities8%8%14%10%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual and long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, no more than 10 percent of all students, and of students in the student groups listed in this table, will be chronically absent. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line data from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism must improve performance compared to the previous year.

English Learner Progress and Proficiency

English LearnersPercentAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
English Learner Progress<46%58%
English Learner Proficiency<--

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual targets and long-term goals for increasing the percentage of English learners making progress toward attaining English-language proficiency. Virginia also reports on the percentage of English learners who attain proficiency.
English LearnersNumeratorDenominatorRate
English Learner Progress<<<
English Learner Proficiency<<<

ESSA Participation Rates

Student GroupEnglish Reading ParticipationMathematics ParticipationScience Participation
All Students100%100%100%
Asian100%100%100%
Black100%100%100%
Hispanic100%100%100%
White100%100%100%
Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
Not Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
English Learners100%100%<
Students with Disabilities100%100%99%
Students without Disabilities100%100%100%
Female100%100%100%
Male100%100%100%
Migrant---

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to assess at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics in grades 3-8, and to test at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics at least once during their high school careers. States also report on the percentage of students assessed in science in elementary school, middle school and in high school (Biology).
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