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General school information

Category: Middle (06-08) School
Phone: 540-289-3401
Address: 7648 McGaheysville Rd Penn Laird, VA 22846
Principal: Mr. Drew S. Miller
Superintendent: Dr. Oskar Scheikl
Region: 5
Division: Rockingham County Public Schools
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Performance Snapshot

Accountability

Accountability

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

State Accreditation Status

Fully Accredited

Title I Improvement Status

Not Applicable

Reward School Status


Accountability

State Accreditation Status

Fully Accredited

Elementary and middle schools are Fully Accredited if students achieve adjusted pass rates on state assessments of 75 percent or higher in English and 70 percent or higher in mathematics, science and history. High schools are Fully Accredited if students achieve adjusted pass rates of 75 percent or higher in English and 70 percent or higher in mathematics, science and history; and attain a point value of 85 or greater based on the Graduation and Completion Index.

State Accreditation Results

.

Accreditation ratings are based on the achievement of students on statewide tests taken during the previous academic year, or on achievement during the three most recent academic years. In determining the accreditation rating of a school, adjustments are made to reward schools for the successful remediation of previously failing students. Allowances also are made for certain transfer students and certain English language learners. The benchmark adjusted pass rates for a school to be rated as Fully Accredited are as follows:

  • English 75 percent
  • Mathematics 70 percent
  • Science 70 percent
  • History/Social Science 70 percent

Ratings for high schools also reflect the success of efforts to increase completion and graduation. To be rated as Fully Accredited, a high school must have a Graduation and Completion Index of at least 85 percent. The Graduation and Completion Index awards full credit for students who earn diplomas, and partial credit for high school equivalencies.

In addition, effective with the 2016-2017 school year, schools that meet all requirements for full accreditation for three consecutive years are automatically rated as Fully Accredited for a fourth year.

State Accreditation Results
  2013-20142014-20152015-2016 
SubjectAccreditation Benchmark1 Year3 Year1 Year3 Year1 Year3 YearMet Accreditation Benchmark
English75748078777977YES
Mathematics70858391879389YES
History70858698878988YES
Science70798683838683YES
Graduation and Completion Index--------
LEGENDYes-C = Current year
Yes-3YR = Three-year average
Yes-4YR = Four-year average
IS = Improving school
AB = Approaching benchmark
W = Warned

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading

Reading Performance: All Students

Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view the results for a specific reading test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Reading Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students127361271479652118806220
Female147460261581671919826318
Male107363271377642317796221
American Indian<<<<<100<0<<<<
Asian17836717179275833100670
Black1156444423926981394816
Hispanic555504555751436595441
White147965211685691521866514
Two or more races97870221288761230875713
Students with Disabilities144330571252404829532447
Economically Disadvantaged356534446460369645536
English Learners341385954136592232177
Grade 6 English Reading Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students126755331777602320806020
Female146652341775582519816219
Male106858321778612221795821
American Indian<<<<<100<0<<<<
Asian<100<0<100<0<100<0
Black<<<<<100<0<<<<
Hispanic6484252544405613544146
White137259282083631722876513
Two or more races10908010<<<<25755025
Students with Disabilities7403360661563923543146
Economically Disadvantaged3514749157564310645436
English Learners5302570-3636645332967
Grade 7 English Reading Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students168266181681651917836617
Female188466161887691319846516
Male127967211476622416836717
Asian<<<<<100<0<100<0
Black<<<<<100<0<100<0
Hispanic463583810655535-606040
White208869121684681621886712
Two or more races<<<<20100800<100<0
Students with Disabilities74740531950315014503650
Economically Disadvantaged565613586962317696231
English Learners446425414362164-202080
Grade 8 English Reading Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students9706230980712018786022
Female86860321083731720816119
Male9726328876682416766024
Asian<<<<<<<<<100<0
Black<<<<<<<<<100<0
Hispanic656504425957416625738
White107666241187761320826218
Two or more races<<<<<<<<40905010
Students with Disabilities<<<<1144335644561144
Economically Disadvantaged1535147264623610584842
English Learners-4545555504550-9991
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Writing

Writing Performance: All Students

Virginia public school students assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in high school with an end-of-course writing test. Prior to 2014, students also took a writing test in grade 5. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific writing test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Writing Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students147358271272592820735327
Female207555251779622125795421
Male9706130763563716685232
Asian<100<0<<<<<100<0
Black<<<<<<<<<<<<
Hispanic3565344752454813534047
White197657241580652023795721
Two or more races<<<<<<<<20806020
Students with Disabilities<<<<1235246519503150
Economically Disadvantaged659544145348477494251
English Learners54843524433957---100
Grade 8 Writing Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students147358271272592820735327
Female207555251779622125795421
Male9706130763563716685232
Asian<100<0<<<<<100<0
Black<<<<<<<<<<<<
Hispanic3565344752454813534047
White197657241580652023795721
Two or more races<<<<<<<<20806020
Students with Disabilities<<<<1235246519503150
Economically Disadvantaged659544145348477494251
English Learners54843524433957---100
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Math

Math Performance: All Students

Virginia public school students assessed in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of the following secondary mathematics courses: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific mathematics test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

The content of the Standards of Learning for mathematics supports the following five goals for students: becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections, and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

Throughout a student’s mathematics schooling from kindergarten through grade eight, specific content strands or topics are included. These content strands are Number and Number Sense; Computation and Estimation; Measurement; Geometry; Probability and Statistics; and Patterns, Functions, and Algebra. The Standards of Learning for each strand progress in complexity at each grade level and throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Math Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students2084631623916792592678
Female2086661424936972894666
Male21816019238865122391689
American Indian<100<0<100<0<<<<
Asian33925887710023067100330
Black17614439381006202594696
Hispanic147157291385721513907610
White2388651226926682993657
Two or more races13917898928481393807
Students with Disabilities185839421770533024674333
Economically Disadvantaged97162291084741611877613
English Learners135845421379662115786322
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students2582571825926883394616
Female2784571624957153496624
Male24805620269064103292608
American Indian<100<0<100<0<<<<
Asian<100<0<100<0<100<0
Black<<<<<100<0<100<0
Hispanic14675333483781725906510
White2986561429946563696604
Two or more races20907010<100<01792758
Students with Disabilities65044501778612221432157
Economically Disadvantaged1165543588577151891739
English Learners104535551783671726876113
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students26876113278760132692668
Female2587621332915992793657
Male27876013238360172591669
Asian<<<<<100<0<100<0
Black<100<0<100<0<100<0
Hispanic177760232678522210908010
White28906110278962113293617
Two or more races<100<020907010<<<<
Students with Disabilities276033402575502514715729
Economically Disadvantaged13796621137763239877813
English Learners176346381464503610807020
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students37875237918396888212
Female38582159938478898111
Male270683058782135878213
Asian<100<0<100<0<100<0
Black<<<<<100<0<<<<
Hispanic36359388928584878313
White284831689082107888112
Two or more races<<<<<<<<<100<0
Students with Disabilities<<<<1156444433835017
Economically Disadvantaged167663378982114817819
English Learners9645536-818119-555545
Algebra I Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students381006206310037052100480
Female281007207010030068100320
Male481005205810042039100610
Hispanic<100<0<100<0<100<0
White371006305910041053100470
Economically Disadvantaged<100<0<100<0<100<0
Geometry Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students<100<0
Female<100<0
White<100<0
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Science

Science Performance: All Students

Virginia public school students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of the following secondary courses: Earth Science, Biology, and Chemistry. Before 2014, students also were assessed in science in grade 4. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select results for a specific science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s Science Standards of Learning identify academic content for essential components of the science curriculum at different grade levels. Standards are identified for kindergarten through grade five, for middle school, and for a core set of high school courses — Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Throughout a student’s science schooling from kindergarten through grade six, content strands, or topics are included. The Standards of Learning in each strand progress in complexity as they are studied at various grade levels in grades K-6, and are represented indirectly throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Science Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students137966221483691715857015
Female9756625981721914857215
Male168265182185651516846916
Asian<<<<<<<<<100<0
Black<<<<<100<0<100<0
Hispanic669633126564357746726
White158368171789721118887012
Two or more races<<<<<<<<10908010
Students with Disabilities<<<<1235246522563344
Economically Disadvantaged466623457266285686332
English Learners-5454464484352-171783
Grade 8 Science Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students137966221483691715857015
Female9756625981721914857215
Male168265182185651516846916
Asian<<<<<<<<<100<0
Black<<<<<100<0<100<0
Hispanic669633126564357746726
White158368171789721118887012
Two or more races<<<<<<<<10908010
Students with Disabilities<<<<1235246522563344
Economically Disadvantaged466623457266285686332
English Learners-5454464484352-171783
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

History

History Performance: All Students

Virginia public school students are assessed in history and social science following instruction in Virginia Studies in elementary school, Civics and Economics in middle school, and at the conclusion of the following secondary courses: World History and Geography to 1500, World History and Geography 1500 to the Present, World Geography, and Virginia and U.S. History. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific history or social science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s History and Social Science Standards of Learning are designed to

  • develop the knowledge and skills of history, geography, civics, and economics that enable students to place the people, ideas, and events that have shaped our state and our nation in perspective;
  • instill in students a thoughtful pride in the history of America through an understanding that what “We the People of the United States” launched more than two centuries ago was not a perfect union, but a continual effort to build a “more perfect” union, one which has become the world’s most successful example of constitutional self-government;
  • enable students to understand the basic values, principles, and operation of American constitutional democracy;
  • prepare students for informed, responsible, and participatory citizenship;
  • develop students’ skills in debate, discussion, and writing; and
  • provide students with a framework for continuing education in history and the social sciences.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: History Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students20856515219776328896111
Female1582671815958052591659
Male258763133010070030885812
Asian40905010<<<<<100<0
Black1493797<100<0<100<0
Hispanic9726428129280815776223
White2388661221997813293607
Two or more races16796321<100<020907010
Students with Disabilities17503350<100<013534047
Economically Disadvantaged770633029088108746626
English Learners261593920806020-363664
US History II Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students27845716
Female22795821
Male31885712
Asian<100<0
Black<<<<
Hispanic17715429
White31885812
Two or more races20907010
Students with Disabilities31542346
Economically Disadvantaged11695731
English Learners5504550
Civics & Econ Performance2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Student SubgroupAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailedAdvancedPassedProficientFailed
All Students2077572329896011
Female1575602526906510
Male2780532031885712
Asian<<<<<100<0
Black<100<0<100<0
Hispanic462573815776223
White258258183393597
Two or more races<<<<20907010
Students with Disabilities825177517422558
Economically Disadvantaged56358378746526
English Learners-545446-363664
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

2014-20152015-20162016-2017
State000
Division000
School000
Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade2014-20152015-20162016-2017
Grade 6235220258
Grade 7227238221
Grade 8230226239
Total Students692684718
Fall Membership by Grade
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroup

2016 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status.

The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports.

A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:

  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.

.

Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup2014-20152015-20162016-2017
All Students692684718
Female338328365
Male354356353
American Indian22
Asian151222
Black121621
Hispanic148145141
White489479501
Two or more races263231
Students with Disabilities645260
Not Students with Disabilities628632658
Economically Disadvantaged273265266
Not Economically Disadvantaged419419452
English Learners8555135
Not English Learners607629583
Migrant1
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Multiple factors should be considered when comparing the level of school division expenditures for instruction and expenditures for non-instructional costs, such as administration, health services and pupil transportation. These factors include economies of scale, geographic size, and the number of students requiring special services. For example:

  • Smaller school divisions may have similar administrative and support costs as larger divisions but these non-instructional costs are spread over a smaller expenditure base.
  • Geographically large but sparsely populated school divisions may have higher per-pupil transportation costs because of travel distances and mountainous topography.
  • Divisions with large populations of at-risk or special needs students must provide support services that are required or that raise student achievement.
School Division - Percentage of Expenditures
 2012-20132013-20142014-2015
Percentage of fiscal year division
operating expenditures for instructional costs
66.667.967.9

Statewide Expenditures

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves.

Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.

School State - Percentage of Expenditures
 2012-20132013-20142014-2015
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
66.266.867.1

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances.

Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates.

The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.

School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
 Local FundingStateFederal
2012-20134,697.004,751.00613.00
2013-20144,670.004,839.00585.00
2014-20154,888.005,108.00615.00

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth’s public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources.

Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality’s share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth’s Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. .

While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.

 

State - Per-Pupil Spending
 Local FundingStateFederal
2012-20135,777.004,605.00875.00
2013-20145,823.004,634.00784.00
2014-20155,950.004,802.00771.00

Learning Climate

Percent of Students Absent

Percent of Students Absent 2015-2016 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:

  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can’t read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2012-20132013-20142014-20152015-2016
Subgroup0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%
All Students6413111463827596663491365825611
Female3181261308192432615553151026
Male323195333083534019483431545
American Indian0000000000000000
Asian12010130001500012000
Black17200170011130116200
Hispanic119310140700151810143411
White47024934461858463218124611459
Two or more races22201212002320025501
Students with Disabilities43220443045520451001
Economically Disadvantaged23319842541744259238112621747
English Learners47110541005340055100
Homeless0000000000000000
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Attendance Rate

Attendance Rate: All Students

The attendance rate equals “average daily attendance” divided by “average daily membership.” Average daily attendance is the aggregate number of days of attendance of all students during a school year divided by the number of days school is in session during the year. Average daily membership is the aggregate number of days of membership of all students during a school year divided by the number of days school is in session during the year.

Attendance Rate
Subgroup2013-20142014-20152015-2016
All Students96.3496.1396.4
Female96.0296.1796.54
Male96.6596.0996.28
American Indian99.2295.5693.08
Asian98.198.8699.03
Black96.8695.2296.56
Hispanic96.9196.9597.33
White96.0495.7996.1
Two or more races97.1596.7495.79
Students with Disabilities95.9896.3896.66
Economically Disadvantaged95.6295.2895.73
English Learners96.7197.1297.35
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2015-2016 Offenses
 Number of Offenses
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses<
Technology Offenses<
Property Offenses<
All Other Offenses13
Other Offenses Against Persons17
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses18
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Short Term Suspensions

Short Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Short Term Suspensions
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Subgroup% Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions
American Indian0.1520.289
Asian1.8292.1681.754
Black2.7444.761.7342.339
Hispanic22.10430.9521.38722.521.19925.58
Native Hawaiian
White69.66559.5270.6657070.02962.79
Two or more races3.5064.763.7577.54.67811.63
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Long Term Suspensions

Long Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Long Term Suspensions
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Subgroup% Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions
American Indian0.1520.289
Asian1.8292.1681.754
Black2.7441.7342.339
Hispanic22.10421.3874021.199
Native Hawaiian
White69.66510070.6656070.029
Two or more races3.5063.7574.678
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Expulsions
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
Subgroup% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.1520.289
Asian1.8292.1681.754
Black2.7441.7342.339
Hispanic22.10421.38721.199
Native Hawaiian
White69.66570.66570.029
Two or more races3.5063.7574.678
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.

 

At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division.

Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals.

See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
 PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students40.9441.1940.18
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level.

Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health.

Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children.

The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
 PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students31.6837.4135.93
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program.

School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children.

Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
 PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students79.7780.5875.56
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Teacher Quality

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Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
 2014-20152015-2016
Provisional Special Education2%4%
Provisional0%2%
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentage of teachers teaching with provisional or provisional special education credentials.

Percentage of Core Academic Classes Taught by Teachers Not Meeting the Federal Definition of Highly Qualified

Percentage of Core Academic Classes Taught by Teachers Not Meeting the Federal Definition of Highly Qualified
 2013-20142014-20152015-2016
School
This school-1%-
Division
All Schools-1%-
High Poverty---
Low Poverty---
State
All Schools1%1%1%
High Poverty2%2%2%
Low Poverty1%1%1%
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table provides data on the percentage of classes not taught by teachers meeting the federal definition of highly qualified.

Federal education law defines a highly qualified teacher as a teacher who is fully licensed by the state, has at least a bachelor’s degree, has demonstrated competency in each subject taught, and is teaching in his or her area of endorsement.

Virginia’s licensure regulations – which emphasize content knowledge as well as pedagogy – require new teachers to far exceed the federal highly qualified standard.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2015-2016

The Virginia Department of Education reports annually on the percentage of teachers with bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate degrees in schools, school divisions, and the state by highest degree earned.

Teacher Educational Attainment
 Bachelor's DegreeMaster's DegreeDoctoral DegreeOther
2013-201462%38%0%0%
2014-201560%40%0%0%
2015-201662%36%0%2%
LEGEND< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
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