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Oak Hill Elementary

General school information

Category: Elementary (PK-06) School
Phone: 703-467-3500
Address: 3210 Kinross Circle Herndon, VA 20171-3300
Principal: Ms. Holly E DeVore
Superintendent: Dr. Scott S. Brabrand
Region: 4
Division: Fairfax County Public Schools
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Accreditation

Performance Snapshot

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

State Accreditation Status

Accredited

Reward School Status


ACCREDITATION

Accreditation Status This Year: Accredited
Annual Waiver: 2016 through 2018

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel One
MathematicsLevel One

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One

Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level One Level One
Economically Disadvantaged Level One Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level Two Level Two
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading

Reading Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view the results for a specific reading test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 44 94 50 6 42 93 50 7 37 91 54 9
Female 48 96 48 4 46 92 46 8 40 89 50 11
Male 41 92 51 8 38 93 55 7 35 94 58 6
Asian 51 98 47 2 51 98 47 2 48 97 49 3
Black 23 69 46 31 - 69 69 31 18 55 36 45
Hispanic 30 87 57 13 41 85 44 15 25 75 50 25
White 42 92 50 8 36 89 53 11 29 90 60 10
Two or more races 33 93 60 7 34 93 59 7 32 87 55 13
Students with Disabilities 18 70 52 30 18 74 55 26 13 52 39 48
Students without Disabilities 47 97 49 3 45 95 50 5 40 96 56 4
Economically Disadvantaged 20 67 47 33 9 70 61 30 15 58 42 42
Not Economically Disadvantaged 45 95 50 5 44 94 50 6 39 93 55 7
English Learners 22 89 67 11 31 92 61 8 26 81 55 19
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 31 90 59 10 28 86 59 14 30 89 60 11
Female 31 93 63 7 31 84 53 16 35 91 57 9
Male 32 88 56 12 24 89 64 11 25 88 63 12
Asian 27 98 71 2 31 94 63 6 35 98 63 2
Black < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Hispanic < < < < < < < < < < < <
White 34 86 51 14 24 82 58 18 27 86 59 14
Two or more races < < < < < < < < 27 91 64 9
Students with Disabilities 6 63 56 38 20 67 47 33 6 56 50 44
Students without Disabilities 34 94 60 6 28 89 60 11 33 94 61 6
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < < < < < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 31 91 60 9 29 90 60 10 31 93 61 7
English Learners 13 87 73 13 25 80 55 20 8 67 58 33
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 35 93 58 7 46 93 47 7 36 92 56 8
Female 36 92 55 8 49 94 46 6 36 88 52 12
Male 34 94 60 6 44 92 48 8 36 95 59 5
Asian 50 98 48 2 54 100 46 0 48 97 49 3
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Hispanic < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
White 23 89 67 11 42 88 45 12 24 89 65 11
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 20 60 40 40 20 65 45 35 6 67 61 33
Students without Disabilities 37 97 60 3 50 97 47 3 40 95 55 5
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < 100 < 0 20 70 50 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 36 94 58 6 47 93 46 7 37 93 56 7
English Learners 30 100 70 0 44 94 50 6 33 86 52 14
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 58 97 39 3 45 93 49 7 45 93 48 7
Female 61 99 38 1 47 90 43 10 51 90 40 10
Male 55 96 41 4 42 97 55 3 41 95 54 5
Asian 67 98 31 2 57 98 42 2 61 97 36 3
Black < 100 < 0 < < < < < 100 < 0
Hispanic 36 93 57 7 < 100 < 0 30 80 50 20
White 55 97 42 3 34 91 57 9 36 92 56 8
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < < < < 25 83 58 17
Students with Disabilities 25 81 56 19 15 69 54 31 29 47 18 53
Students without Disabilities 62 99 37 1 48 96 48 4 47 98 51 2
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 59 97 38 3 45 94 49 6 46 94 48 6
English Learners 31 94 63 6 36 100 64 0 39 83 44 17
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 53 95 42 5 50 98 47 2 37 92 55 8
Female 62 99 36 1 58 100 42 0 36 87 51 13
Male 44 92 47 8 42 96 54 4 38 97 59 3
Asian 60 98 39 2 66 100 34 0 47 97 50 3
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Hispanic < < < < 38 92 54 8 < 100 < 0
White 58 97 39 3 42 96 54 4 29 91 62 9
Two or more races 27 91 64 9 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 23 77 54 23 18 94 76 6 13 38 25 63
Students without Disabilities 56 97 41 3 55 98 43 2 40 98 58 2
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < 100 < 0 10 60 50 40
Not Economically Disadvantaged 55 97 42 3 52 98 45 2 39 94 55 6
English Learners < < < < 24 100 76 0 9 82 73 18
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Math

Math Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of the following secondary mathematics courses: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific mathematics test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

The content of the Standards of Learning for mathematics supports the following five goals for students: becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections, and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

Throughout a student’s mathematics schooling from kindergarten through grade eight, specific content strands or topics are included. These content strands are Number and Number Sense; Computation and Estimation; Measurement; Geometry; Probability and Statistics; and Patterns, Functions, and Algebra. The Standards of Learning for each strand progress in complexity at each grade level and throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Math Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 49 93 44 7 45 91 45 9 38 91 52 9
Female 48 93 45 7 41 87 47 13 33 89 56 11
Male 49 92 43 8 50 93 44 7 44 93 49 7
Asian 66 98 32 2 63 98 35 2 54 97 44 3
Black 8 67 58 33 8 54 46 46 9 55 45 45
Hispanic 27 77 50 23 26 79 53 21 27 67 39 33
White 36 91 54 9 31 87 56 13 26 89 63 11
Two or more races 50 93 43 7 52 86 34 14 34 87 53 13
Students with Disabilities 17 63 47 37 21 60 39 40 16 51 35 49
Students without Disabilities 52 96 44 4 48 95 46 5 41 96 55 4
Economically Disadvantaged 6 56 50 44 8 67 58 33 18 65 47 35
Not Economically Disadvantaged 50 94 44 6 47 92 45 8 40 92 53 8
English Learners 26 89 64 11 40 82 42 18 27 81 54 19
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 39 90 51 10 33 81 48 19 36 91 55 9
Female 42 90 48 10 21 74 53 26 31 91 60 9
Male 37 91 53 9 45 89 44 11 40 90 51 10
Asian 46 98 52 2 47 96 49 4 50 95 45 5
Black < 100 < 0 < < < < < 100 < 0
Hispanic < < < < < < < < < < < <
White 33 85 52 15 24 70 46 30 25 92 66 8
Two or more races < < < < < < < < 27 91 64 9
Students with Disabilities 13 44 31 56 27 40 13 60 24 59 35 41
Students without Disabilities 43 96 53 4 34 86 52 14 37 95 58 5
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < < < < < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 40 91 51 9 35 85 49 15 38 93 56 7
English Learners 19 94 75 6 33 71 38 29 8 62 54 38
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 54 88 34 12 54 93 39 7 46 91 45 9
Female 47 86 39 14 50 91 41 9 35 88 54 12
Male 61 90 28 10 58 94 36 6 56 93 37 7
Asian 70 97 27 3 67 97 30 3 65 97 32 3
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Hispanic < < < < < < < < < < < <
White 41 86 45 14 42 92 50 8 30 91 61 9
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities 27 53 27 47 19 57 38 43 17 56 39 44
Students without Disabilities 57 92 35 8 60 99 39 1 50 96 46 4
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < < < < 30 60 30 40
Not Economically Disadvantaged 56 90 34 10 55 93 38 7 47 93 46 7
English Learners 27 82 55 18 44 81 38 19 38 86 48 14
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 31 90 59 10 26 81 55 19 15 82 68 18
Female 37 93 56 7 29 76 47 24 8 73 65 27
Male 26 87 61 13 21 88 67 13 19 88 69 12
Asian 77 92 15 8 69 100 31 0 13 88 75 13
Black < 100 < 0 < < < < < 100 < 0
Hispanic < < < < < < < < < < < <
White 20 90 70 10 13 84 71 16 15 85 69 15
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities - 62 62 38 9 64 55 36 - 25 25 75
Students without Disabilities 40 98 58 2 30 85 55 15 18 95 77 5
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 33 89 56 11 27 82 55 18 16 84 69 16
English Learners 33 93 60 7 < < < < 9 73 64 27
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 49 97 48 3 35 95 60 5 30 89 59 11
Female 46 99 53 1 36 95 59 5 22 87 65 13
Male 53 95 42 5 34 96 62 4 39 92 53 8
Asian 71 100 29 0 57 98 41 2 38 100 62 0
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Hispanic < < < < 20 90 70 10 < < < <
White 32 96 64 4 16 93 76 7 22 85 63 15
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 50 90 40 10
Students with Disabilities 9 91 82 9 7 67 60 33 17 50 33 50
Students without Disabilities 53 97 45 3 39 99 61 1 32 94 62 6
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < 100 < 0 20 80 60 20
Not Economically Disadvantaged 50 98 48 2 36 95 59 5 31 90 59 10
English Learners < < < < 42 92 50 8 31 94 63 6
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 63 99 36 1 75 100 25 0 67 100 33 0
Female 64 100 36 0 70 100 30 0 69 100 31 0
Male 63 98 35 2 81 100 19 0 65 100 35 0
Asian 78 100 22 0 84 100 16 0 79 100 21 0
White 50 98 48 2 67 100 33 0 46 100 54 0
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Students with Disabilities < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Students without Disabilities 63 99 36 1 75 100 25 0 68 100 32 0
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Not Economically Disadvantaged 64 99 35 1 76 100 24 0 68 100 32 0
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Science

Science Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of the following secondary courses: Earth Science, Biology, and Chemistry. Before 2014, students also were assessed in science in grade 4. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select results for a specific science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s Science Standards of Learning identify academic content for essential components of the science curriculum at different grade levels. Standards are identified for kindergarten through grade five, for middle school, and for a core set of high school courses — Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Throughout a student’s science schooling from kindergarten through grade six, content strands, or topics are included. The Standards of Learning in each strand progress in complexity as they are studied at various grade levels in grades K-6, and are represented indirectly throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 53 97 43 3 39 88 49 12 49 93 45 7
Female 54 97 43 3 37 82 46 18 49 92 42 8
Male 53 96 43 4 42 94 52 6 48 95 46 5
Asian 77 98 22 2 57 98 42 2 59 97 38 3
Black < 100 < 0 < < < < < 100 < 0
Hispanic 14 93 79 7 < < < < 50 80 30 20
White 40 95 55 5 25 83 58 17 38 92 53 8
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < < < < 50 92 42 8
Students with Disabilities 13 69 56 31 15 38 23 62 6 47 41 53
Students without Disabilities 58 100 42 0 42 94 52 6 54 99 45 1
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 55 97 42 3 41 89 48 11 49 94 45 6
English Learners 25 94 69 6 18 91 73 9 33 83 50 17
Grade 5 Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 53 97 43 3 39 88 49 12 49 93 45 7
Female 54 97 43 3 37 82 46 18 49 92 42 8
Male 53 96 43 4 42 94 52 6 48 95 46 5
Asian 77 98 22 2 57 98 42 2 59 97 38 3
Black < 100 < 0 < < < < < 100 < 0
Hispanic 14 93 79 7 < < < < 50 80 30 20
White 40 95 55 5 25 83 58 17 38 92 53 8
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < < < < 50 92 42 8
Students with Disabilities 13 69 56 31 15 38 23 62 6 47 41 53
Students without Disabilities 58 100 42 0 42 94 52 6 54 99 45 1
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 55 97 42 3 41 89 48 11 49 94 45 6
English Learners 25 94 69 6 18 91 73 9 33 83 50 17
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

History

History Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in history and social science following instruction in Virginia Studies in elementary school, Civics and Economics in middle school, and at the conclusion of the following secondary courses: World History and Geography to 1500, World History and Geography 1500 to the Present, World Geography, and Virginia and U.S. History. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific history or social science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s History and Social Science Standards of Learning are designed to

  • develop the knowledge and skills of history, geography, civics, and economics that enable students to place the people, ideas, and events that have shaped our state and our nation in perspective;
  • instill in students a thoughtful pride in the history of America through an understanding that what “We the People of the United States” launched more than two centuries ago was not a perfect union, but a continual effort to build a “more perfect” union, one which has become the world’s most successful example of constitutional self-government;
  • enable students to understand the basic values, principles, and operation of American constitutional democracy;
  • prepare students for informed, responsible, and participatory citizenship;
  • develop students’ skills in debate, discussion, and writing; and
  • provide students with a framework for continuing education in history and the social sciences.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: History Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 67 92 25 8 64 95 31 5 59 94 35 6
Female 65 88 23 12 62 94 32 6 45 94 49 6
Male 69 96 26 4 66 96 30 4 72 95 23 5
Asian 81 98 17 2 71 100 29 0 75 97 23 3
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Hispanic < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
White 58 88 30 12 55 92 36 8 46 94 48 6
Two or more races < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 40 47 7 53 32 74 42 26 29 71 41 29
Students without Disabilities 70 97 27 3 69 98 30 2 63 98 34 2
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 69 93 24 7 64 95 31 5 60 95 34 5
English Learners 70 80 10 20 58 100 42 0 68 95 26 5
VA Studies Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 67 92 25 8 65 95 31 5 59 94 35 6
Female 65 88 23 12 63 94 31 6 45 94 49 6
Male 69 96 26 4 66 96 30 4 72 95 23 5
Asian 81 98 17 2 71 100 29 0 75 97 23 3
Black < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Hispanic < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
White 58 88 30 12 56 92 36 8 46 94 48 6
Two or more races < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 40 47 7 53 33 72 39 28 29 71 41 29
Students without Disabilities 70 97 27 3 69 98 30 2 63 98 34 2
Economically Disadvantaged < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Not Economically Disadvantaged 69 93 24 7 65 95 30 5 60 95 34 5
English Learners 70 80 10 20 58 100 42 0 68 95 26 5
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

2015-20162016-20172017-2018
State3,4624,2272,762
Division1,0321,256850
School010
Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Pre-kindergarten142325
Kindergarten757570
Grade 1769088
Grade 21057796
Grade 3138142109
Grade 4156142150
Grade 5139166151
Grade 6140147170
Total Students843862859
Fall Membership by Grade
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2018 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status.

The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports.

A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:

  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.

.

Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2016-20172017-20182018-2019
All Students843862859
Female413407389
Male430455470
Asian343364357
Black232523
Hispanic585965
White372360355
Two or more races475458
Students with Disabilities92112111
Students without Disabilities751750748
Economically Disadvantaged275149
Not Economically Disadvantaged816811810
English Learners109116130
Not English Learners734746729
Military Connected172123
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Multiple factors should be considered when comparing the level of school division expenditures for instruction and expenditures for non-instructional costs, such as administration, health services and pupil transportation. These factors include economies of scale, geographic size, and the number of students requiring special services. For example:

  • Smaller school divisions may have similar administrative and support costs as larger divisions but these non-instructional costs are spread over a smaller expenditure base.
  • Geographically large but sparsely populated school divisions may have higher per-pupil transportation costs because of travel distances and mountainous topography.
  • Divisions with large populations of at-risk or special needs students must provide support services that are required or that raise student achievement.
School Division - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year division
operating expenditures for instructional costs
67.8 68 68.8

Statewide Expenditures

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves.

Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.

School State - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
67.1 66.9 67.2

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances.

School Quality Profiles for the 2018-2019 school year will include additional information about per-pupil expenditures for the commonwealth, school divisions and schools. VDOE is working with school divisions to gather this information as required under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015.

Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates.

The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.

School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-201510,428.003,212.00579.00
2015-201610,542.003,252.00606.00
2016-201710,901.003,346.00649.00

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth’s public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources.

Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality’s share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth’s Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. .

While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.

School Quality Profiles for the 2018-2019 school year will include additional information about per-pupil expenditures for the commonwealth, school divisions and schools. VDOE is working with school divisions to gather this information as required under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015.

State - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20155,950.004,802.00771.00
2015-20166,101.004,831.00812.00
2016-20176,268.005,033.00871.00

Learning Climate

Chronic Absenteeism

Chronic Absenteeism 2017-2018 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she is absent for 10 percent or more of the school year, regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:

  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can’t read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.

The calculation for chronic absenteeism only includes students enrolled for at least half of the school year.

Absenteeism by Subgroup
2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Subgroup Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above
All Students851337795681825
Female430183862739211
Male421153932942614
Asian35213326203489
Black231233232
Hispanic483506552
White384123372434111
Two or more races444433511
Students with Disabilities837879897
Economically Disadvantaged283374504
English Learners818104111143
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2017-2018 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses <
Other Offenses Against Persons <
Technology Offenses <
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Short Term Suspensions

Short Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Short Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions
American Indian
Asian40.68842.22722.22
Black2.72822.222.911.11
Hispanic6.8822.226.84511.11
Native Hawaiian
White44.12855.5641.76355.56
Two or more races5.5756.265
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Long Term Suspensions

Long Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Long Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions
American Indian
Asian40.68842.227
Black2.7282.9
Hispanic6.886.845
Native Hawaiian
White44.12841.763
Two or more races5.5756.265
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Expulsions
  2016-20172017-2018
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian
Asian40.68842.227
Black2.7282.9
Hispanic6.886.845
Native Hawaiian
White44.12841.763
Two or more races5.5756.265
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.

 

At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division.

Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals.

See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 3.683.574.15
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level.

Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health.

Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children.

The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 24.242525.71
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program.

School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children.

Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 72.7371.8882.86
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality
Teachers Not Properly Licensed or Endorsed​ Provisionally Licensed Teachers​ Inexperienced Teachers​
Title I Not Title I Title I Not Title I Title I Not Title I
School
This School - 1.6% - - - 6.3%
Division
All Schools 1.9% 3.2% 7.4% 8% 4.8% 4.3%
High Poverty 1.5% 8.6% 7.1% 10.3% 4.9% 5.2%
Low Poverty - 2.3% - 7.7% - 4.5%
State
All Schools 1.6% 2.6% 7.1% 7% 6.4% 4.5%
High Poverty 2% 5.1% 8% 11.5% 7.4% 7.6%
Low Poverty 1.1% 1.6% 2.8% 5.7% 4.2% 3.6%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
This table reports the percentages of teachers at the school, division and state levels who are not properly licensed or endorsed for the content they are teaching, who are provisionally licensed, or who are inexperienced (less than one year of classroom experience). Percentages are reported for Title I schools, non-Title I schools, all schools and for high-poverty and low-poverty schools.

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  2016-20172017-2018
Provisional Special Education2%0%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentage of teachers teaching with provisional or provisional special education credentials.

This table provides data on the percentage of classes not taught by teachers meeting the federal definition of highly qualified.

Federal education law defines a highly qualified teacher as a teacher who is fully licensed by the state, has at least a bachelor’s degree, has demonstrated competency in each subject taught, and is teaching in his or her area of endorsement.

Virginia’s licensure regulations – which emphasize content knowledge as well as pedagogy – require new teachers to far exceed the federal highly qualified standard.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2017-2018

The Virginia Department of Education reports annually on the percentage of teachers with bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate degrees in schools, school divisions, and the state by highest degree earned.

Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2015-201613%84%3%0%
2016-201714%85%2%-1%
2017-201814%85%2%-1%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

Every Student Succeeds Act

ESSA Status: Not Identified for Support and Improvement
Accreditation Status: Accredited

ESSA School Quality Indicators Summary
Student GroupEnglish Reading PerformanceMathematics PerformanceEnglish Learner ProgressChronic AbsenteeismFederal Graduation Indicator
All StudentsYesYes-Yes-
AsianYesYes-Yes-
BlackYesTS-Yes-
HispanicYesYes-Yes-
WhiteYesYes-Yes-
Economically DisadvantagedYesYes-Yes-
English LearnersYesYesYesYes-
Students with DisabilitiesYesYes-Yes-

Yes = Annual target met
No = Annual target not met
TS = Too few students to evaluate
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) requires states to set annual and long-term targets for raising the achievement of all students. Virginia schools are focused on the following school quality indicators in meeting the objectives of the federal law:
  • Reading performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in reading
  • Mathematics performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in mathematics
  • Growth in reading and mathematics — percentage of students in the school either passing state tests in reading and mathematics or making significant progress toward passing
  • English learner progress — percentage of English learners making progress toward English-language proficiency
  • Chronic absenteeism — percentage of students missing 10 percent or more of the school year, regardless of reason (students receiving homebound and home-based instruction excluded)
  • Federal Graduation Indicator — percentage of students graduating within four years of entering the ninth grade with a Standard Diploma or Advanced Studies Diploma
More information about ESSA implementation in Virginia is available on the Virginia Department of Education website. Detailed state assessment results — including results by test type and student groups — are available on VDOE’s Test Results Build-A-Table data tool.
ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Reading
Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong Term Goal
All Students91%93%73%75%
Asian97%98%87%75%
Black49%63%60%75%
Hispanic75%82%63%75%
White90%90%81%75%
Economically Disadvantaged57%62%62%75%
English Learners81%87%53%75%
Students with Disabilities52%65%39%75%

< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in reading in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 75 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state reading tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance as compared to the previous year. Note: Reading pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.
ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Mathematics
Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong Term Goal
All Students90%91%74%70%
Asian97%98%89%70%
Black46%55%60%70%
Hispanic67%74%64%70%
White89%89%81%70%
Economically Disadvantaged61%63%63%70%
English Learners78%83%57%70%
Students with Disabilities51%58%42%70%

< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in mathematics in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 70 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state mathematics tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance during the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance compared to the previous year. Note: Mathematics pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time on one of the following state tests: Algebra I, Geometry or Algebra II.
ESSA Pass Rates: Science
Student GroupCurrent Rate
All Students93%
Asian97%
Black<
Hispanic80%
White92%
Economically Disadvantaged<
English Learners79%
Students with Disabilities47%

< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires that students take state tests in science at least once during elementary school, once during middle school and once during high school. Note: Science pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance on the state Biology test of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.
Growth in Reading and Mathematics
Student GroupGrowth English ReadingGrowth Mathematics
All Students92%92%
Asian98%98%
Black73%54%
Hispanic75%79%
White90%90%
Economically Disadvantaged64%69%
English Learners82%82%
Students with Disabilities55%62%

< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students

Under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015, growth in reading and mathematics is a factor in identifying elementary and middle schools for improvement and increased state support. The percentage of students showing growth in reading and mathematics includes students passing state tests and non-passing students who are making significant progress toward passing.
Chronic Absenteeism
Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong Term Goal
All Students3%4%9%10%
Asian3%4%5%10%
Black8%8%9%10%
Hispanic4%7%9%10%
White3%4%9%10%
Economically Disadvantaged7%9%13%10%
English Learners3%7%8%10%
Students with Disabilities7%8%14%10%

< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she is absent for 10 percent or more of the school year, regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:
  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can't read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
The calculation for chronic absenteeism only includes students enrolled for at least half of the school year. The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual and long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, no more than 10 percent of all students, and of students in the student groups listed in this table, will be chronically absent. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line data from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism must improve performance compared to the previous year.
English Learner Progress and Proficiency
English LearnersPercentAnnual TargetLong Term Goal
English Learner Progress54%46%58%
English Learner Proficiency13%--
< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students
The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual targets and long-term goals for increasing the percentage of English learners making progress toward attaining English-language proficiency. Virginia also reports on the percentage of English learners who attain proficiency.
English LearnersNumeratorDenominatorRate
English Learner Progress254654%
English Learner Proficiency96813%
ESSA Participation Rates
Student GroupEnglish Reading ParticipationMathematics ParticipationScience Participation
All Students100%100%100%
Asian100%100%100%
Black100%100%<
Hispanic100%100%100%
White100%100%100%
Economically Disadvantaged100%100%<
Not Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
English Learners100%100%100%
Students with Disabilities100%100%100%
Students without Disabilities100%100%100%
Female100%100%100%
Male100%100%100%
Migrant---

< = Results suppressed to protect student privacy
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to assess at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics in grades 3-8, and to test at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics at least once during their high school careers. States also report on the percentage of students assessed in science in elementary school, middle school and in high school (Biology).
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