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Rockhill Elementary

General school information

Category: Elementary (PK-05) School
Phone: 540-658-6360
Address: 50 Wood Dr Stafford, VA 22556
Principal: Ms. Terri L. Rivero
Superintendent: Dr. Scott R. Kizner
School Number: 60
Region: 3
Division: Stafford County Public Schools
Division Number: 89
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Accreditation

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

School Readiness

School Readiness

ACCREDITATION

2019 Accreditation Status: Accredited
Accreditation Status Last Year: Accredited
Annual Waiver: 2019 through 2021

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel One
MathematicsLevel One

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One
  • Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
  • Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
  • Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level One Level One
Economically Disadvantaged Level One Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level Two Level One
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state reading tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course (EOC) reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 26 57 84 16 24 60 84 16 20 62 83 17
Female 28 55 83 17 26 58 84 16 23 59 82 18
Male 25 59 85 15 22 61 83 17 18 65 83 17
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 36 45 82 18
Black 28 51 78 22 17 60 77 23 15 69 85 15
Hispanic 16 71 87 13 27 56 83 17 17 59 76 24
Native Hawaiian < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
White 27 57 83 17 27 60 87 13 23 62 85 15
Two or more races 33 57 90 10 20 63 83 17 22 70 91 9
Students with Disabilities 18 44 62 38 28 36 64 36 20 40 60 40
Students without Disabilities 28 59 87 13 24 63 87 13 20 67 87 13
Economically Disadvantaged 24 57 81 19 20 60 80 20 10 60 70 30
Not Economically Disadvantaged 27 57 84 16 26 59 86 14 23 63 86 14
English Learners 12 65 76 24 < < < < 11 17 28 72
Military Connected 30 61 91 9 18 68 87 13
Grade 3 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 16 61 77 23 19 65 84 16 20 60 80 20
Female 15 62 77 23 16 67 84 16 24 64 88 12
Male 18 60 78 22 22 63 84 16 17 57 74 26
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < < <
Black 13 56 69 31 20 50 70 30 21 58 79 21
Hispanic 6 82 88 12 25 54 79 21 12 60 72 28
White 17 58 75 25 20 72 91 9 24 60 83 17
Two or more races < < < < 9 73 82 18 < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities 18 36 55 45 17 58 75 25 21 37 58 42
Students without Disabilities 16 64 80 20 20 66 85 15 19 66 86 14
Economically Disadvantaged 11 67 78 22 20 56 76 24 16 42 58 42
Not Economically Disadvantaged 19 59 77 23 19 68 87 13 21 65 86 14
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 25 67 92 8 20 67 87 13
Grade 4 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 34 50 84 16 18 61 79 21 19 63 83 17
Female 36 47 84 16 20 61 80 20 17 60 77 23
Male 32 53 85 15 16 61 78 22 21 66 88 13
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black 32 36 68 32 - 73 73 27 8 83 92 8
Hispanic 29 71 100 0 25 55 80 20 23 54 77 23
Native Hawaiian < < < <
White 34 51 85 15 20 59 80 20 19 64 83 17
Two or more races < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities 31 31 62 38 33 17 50 50 19 31 50 50
Students without Disabilities 35 53 88 12 16 67 83 17 20 69 89 11
Economically Disadvantaged 30 56 85 15 12 67 79 21 - 57 57 43
Not Economically Disadvantaged 36 48 84 16 21 58 79 21 22 64 87 13
English Learners < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 36 55 91 9 8 69 77 23
Grade 5 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 28 61 89 11 34 54 88 12 22 63 85 15
Female 30 57 87 13 38 50 88 12 27 55 82 18
Male 26 64 90 10 29 59 88 13 17 70 88 13
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < < <
Black 32 61 93 7 25 57 82 18 14 71 86 14
Hispanic 14 57 71 29 32 58 89 11 16 64 80 20
White 29 61 89 11 39 50 89 11 25 62 87 13
Two or more races < < 100 0 36 55 91 9 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 10 57 67 33 33 33 67 33 20 53 73 27
Students without Disabilities 32 62 94 6 34 57 91 9 22 65 87 13
Economically Disadvantaged 35 45 80 20 26 58 84 16 11 74 85 15
Not Economically Disadvantaged 26 65 91 9 37 53 90 10 25 60 85 15
English Learners < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 30 61 91 9 30 70 100 0
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
EOC English Reading Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Writing Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state writing tests. Virginia students are assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in most high schools with a state end-of-course (EOC) writing test. If a high school administers a locally developed writing assessment, results are not included in this chart as scores on locally developed writing assessments are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
EOC Writing Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Math Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state mathematics tests. Virginia students are assessed annually in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of secondary courses (Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 26 57 84 16 27 55 82 18 20 67 88 13
Female 22 58 81 19 25 53 79 21 16 74 90 10
Male 30 56 87 13 28 57 85 15 24 61 86 14
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 27 64 91 9
Black 20 50 70 30 21 52 73 27 12 71 83 17
Hispanic 22 67 89 11 21 57 78 22 21 62 83 17
Native Hawaiian < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
White 27 59 86 14 31 56 87 13 25 66 91 9
Two or more races 38 52 90 10 30 50 80 20 8 83 92 8
Students with Disabilities 18 51 69 31 26 46 72 28 22 45 67 33
Students without Disabilities 28 58 86 14 27 57 83 17 20 71 91 9
Economically Disadvantaged 15 66 81 19 22 57 79 21 7 77 83 17
Not Economically Disadvantaged 30 55 84 16 29 55 83 17 23 65 88 12
English Learners 17 56 72 28 < < < < 11 61 72 28
Military Connected 33 63 96 4 16 79 95 5
Grade 3 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 24 58 81 19 23 56 80 20 14 70 85 15
Female 19 55 74 26 19 56 74 26 16 74 91 9
Male 28 60 88 12 27 57 84 16 13 67 80 20
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < < <
Black 6 50 56 44 40 30 70 30 5 79 84 16
Hispanic 18 71 88 12 17 58 75 25 20 56 76 24
White 27 58 85 15 28 61 89 11 17 71 88 12
Two or more races < < < < 9 55 64 36 < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities - 73 73 27 17 33 50 50 25 25 50 50
Students without Disabilities 27 56 83 17 24 60 84 16 12 82 94 6
Economically Disadvantaged 15 67 81 19 28 44 72 28 5 63 68 32
Not Economically Disadvantaged 27 54 81 19 22 61 83 17 17 72 88 12
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 42 50 92 8 13 87 100 0
Grade 4 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 20 62 83 17 17 57 74 26 24 64 88 12
Female 20 60 80 20 16 55 71 29 13 70 83 17
Male 21 65 85 15 19 58 77 23 34 59 93 7
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black 19 42 62 38 - 57 57 43 17 58 75 25
Hispanic 7 93 100 0 20 50 70 30 27 62 88 12
Native Hawaiian < < < <
White 23 62 85 15 19 57 76 24 28 64 92 8
Two or more races < < 100 0 < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities 31 31 62 38 25 50 75 25 13 50 63 38
Students without Disabilities 19 67 86 14 16 57 74 26 26 67 93 7
Economically Disadvantaged 7 74 81 19 13 63 75 25 - 71 71 29
Not Economically Disadvantaged 25 58 83 17 19 54 73 27 28 63 91 9
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 9 91 100 0 23 62 85 15
Grade 5 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 34 52 87 13 37 53 91 9 22 68 89 11
Female 28 60 87 13 38 50 88 12 18 77 95 5
Male 40 47 86 14 36 57 93 7 25 59 84 16
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black 29 57 86 14 25 57 82 18 14 71 86 14
Hispanic 43 36 79 21 26 63 89 11 16 68 84 16
White 32 57 89 11 45 50 95 5 27 65 92 8
Two or more races < < < < 55 36 91 9 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 19 52 71 29 33 53 87 13 27 67 93 7
Students without Disabilities 38 52 90 10 38 53 91 9 21 68 89 11
Economically Disadvantaged 25 55 80 20 26 61 87 13 11 89 100 0
Not Economically Disadvantaged 36 52 88 12 42 50 92 8 25 61 86 14
English Learners < < < < < < 100 0
Military Connected 39 57 96 4 10 90 100 0
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Algebra I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Geometry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Algebra II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Science Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state science tests. Virginia students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of secondary courses (Earth Science, Biology and Chemistry) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 30 63 92 8 28 62 91 9 17 64 81 19
Female 32 57 89 11 30 62 92 8 14 68 82 18
Male 28 67 95 5 27 63 89 11 19 61 80 20
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < < <
Black 18 75 93 7 29 50 79 21 14 57 71 29
Hispanic 21 57 79 21 25 70 95 5 20 56 76 24
White 38 57 95 5 30 64 95 5 17 68 85 15
Two or more races < < 100 0 27 64 91 9 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 5 81 86 14 40 47 87 13 20 47 67 33
Students without Disabilities 36 58 94 6 27 64 91 9 16 67 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 15 75 90 10 26 63 89 11 15 63 78 22
Not Economically Disadvantaged 33 60 93 7 29 62 91 9 17 65 82 18
English Learners < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 22 65 87 13 30 60 90 10
Grade 5 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 30 63 92 8 28 62 91 9 17 64 81 19
Female 32 57 89 11 30 62 92 8 14 68 82 18
Male 28 67 95 5 27 63 89 11 19 61 80 20
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < < <
Black 18 75 93 7 29 50 79 21 14 57 71 29
Hispanic 21 57 79 21 25 70 95 5 20 56 76 24
White 38 57 95 5 30 64 95 5 17 68 85 15
Two or more races < < 100 0 27 64 91 9 < < < <
Students with Disabilities 5 81 86 14 40 47 87 13 20 47 67 33
Students without Disabilities 36 58 94 6 27 64 91 9 16 67 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 15 75 90 10 26 63 89 11 15 63 78 22
Not Economically Disadvantaged 33 60 93 7 29 62 91 9 17 65 82 18
English Learners < < < < < < < <
Military Connected 22 65 87 13 30 60 90 10
Grade 8 Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Biology Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Chemistry Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Earth Science Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

History Performance: All Students

This chart displays the percentage of students passing state tests in history/social science. Virginia students are assessed in history/social science once in elementary school (Virginia Studies), once in middle school (Civics and Economics) and at the end of secondary courses (Geography, World History I, World History II and Virginia and United States History) as needed to meet graduation requirements. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view results for a specific test. Use the menu below the chart to select results for a specific group of students. Practice test items representative of the content and skills included in current Standards of Learning assessments are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.
overall Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 39 53 92 8 24 66 90 10 29 52 81 19
Female 27 60 87 13 21 65 85 15 20 57 76 24
Male 52 46 98 2 27 67 94 6 38 48 86 14
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black 32 44 76 24 7 79 86 14 17 50 67 33
Hispanic 47 53 100 0 24 71 94 6 36 56 92 8
Native Hawaiian < < < <
White 36 60 96 4 22 67 89 11 30 47 77 23
Two or more races < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities 31 54 85 15 25 50 75 25 27 47 73 27
Students without Disabilities 40 53 93 7 24 68 92 8 30 53 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 39 43 82 18 10 76 86 14 - 54 54 46
Not Economically Disadvantaged 39 57 96 4 30 61 91 9 34 52 85 15
English Learners < < 100 0 < < < <
Military Connected 45 55 100 0 23 38 62 38
VA Studies Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
All Students 37 55 92 8 23 67 89 11 28 53 81 19
Female 26 60 87 13 21 64 85 15 18 58 76 24
Male 50 48 98 2 24 70 93 7 36 49 85 15
Asian < < 100 0 < < 100 0 < < 100 0
Black 30 43 74 26 7 79 86 14 17 50 67 33
Hispanic 43 57 100 0 25 69 94 6 33 58 92 8
Native Hawaiian < < < <
White 35 62 96 4 21 68 89 11 29 48 77 23
Two or more races < < 100 0 < < < < < < 100 0
Students with Disabilities < < < < < < < < 15 54 69 31
Students without Disabilities 40 53 93 7 24 68 92 8 30 53 83 17
Economically Disadvantaged 35 46 81 19 7 78 85 15 - 54 54 46
Not Economically Disadvantaged 38 58 96 4 29 62 91 9 32 53 85 15
English Learners < < 100 0 < < < <
Military Connected 45 55 100 0 23 38 62 38
VA & US History Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
World History I Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
World History II Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Geography Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
Civics & Econ Performance 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Student Subgroup Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed Advanced Proficient Passed Failed
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

2016-20172017-20182018-2019
School---
Division383228
State4,2272,7623,719
Number of Recently Arrived English Language Learners Exempted From State Reading Assessments

Virginia Alternate Assessment Program Participation Rates

Reading
Subject Area Number of Students Taking VAAP Tests Total Number of Students Percent of Students Taking VAAP Tests
Number and percentage of students participating in the Virginia Alternate Assessment Program.

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2017-20182018-20192019-2020
Pre-kindergarten6259-
Kindergarten769690
Grade 19083107
Grade 28495108
Grade 391100122
Grade 410299110
Grade 5113118123
Total Students618650660

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2019 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status. The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:
  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.
.
Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2017-20182018-20192019-2020
All Students618650660
Female293311334
Male325339326
Asian121816
Black10310987
Hispanic118145160
Native Hawaiian333
White329330349
Two or more races534545
Students with Disabilities10612189
Students without Disabilities512529571
Economically Disadvantaged185210151
Not Economically Disadvantaged433440509
English Learners354554
Not English Learners583605606
Military Connected887466
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Statewide Expenditures

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances. Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates. The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.
School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Type Local Funding State Federal
2015-2016Division4,444.005,119.00568.00
State6,084.004,849.00812.00
2016-2017Division4,683.005,244.00607.00
State6,248.005,052.00871.00
2017-2018Division4,212.005,400.00632.00
State6,462.005,219.00867.00

Learning Climate

Chronic Absenteeism

Chronic Absenteeism 2018-2019 School Year:

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:
  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can't read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Subgroup Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above Below 10% 10% or Above
All Students513415312654744
Female245222571127020
Male268192741527724
American Indian<<----
Asian91<<160
Black994922932
Hispanic97110721298
Native Hawaiian<<<<<<
White269292791927432
Two or more races355432322
Students with Disabilities6486677312
Economically Disadvantaged144201571317524
English Learners340361452
Homeless<<--<<
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2018-2019 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses <
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses <
Technology Offenses <

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Short-Term Suspensions

Short-Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Short-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions% Population% Short-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.2----
Asian2.22.13
Black19.95.318.133.318.3
Hispanic18.126.320.824.316.7
Native Hawaiian0.70.50.533.3
White58.352.657.955.655.433.3
Two or more races7.315.89.311.17.616.7
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Long-Term Suspensions

Long-Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Long-Term Suspensions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Long-Term Suspensions% Population% Long-Term Suspensions% Population% Long-Term Suspensions
American Indian0.2
Asian2.22.13
Black19.918.118.3
Hispanic18.120.824.3
Native Hawaiian0.70.50.5
White58.357.910055.4
Two or more races7.39.37.6
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time. An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.
Expulsions
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.2----
Asian2.22.13
Black19.918.118.3
Hispanic18.120.824.3
Native Hawaiian0.70.50.5
White58.357.955.4
Two or more races7.39.37.6
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.   At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division. Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals. See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.
Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 2327.626.7
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level. Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health. Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.  
Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 5044.944.6
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program. School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.  
Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2016-20172017-20182018-2019
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 82.970.270.6
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Civil Rights Data Collection

The Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) is a survey of all public schools and school districts in the United States. The CRDC includes data on student access to courses, programs, staff, and resources relevant to educational equity and opportunity for students.​

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights reports information collected through the CRDC in carrying out its mission “to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights.”​

More information about the Civil Rights Data Collection is available on the Virginia Department of Education website.

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality All Schools
Poverty Level Out-of-Field Teachers Inexperienced Teachers Out-of-Field and Inexperienced Teachers

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentages of teachers who are teaching out of field (not fully endorsed for the content they are teaching) or who are inexperienced (less than one year of classroom experience). Percentages are reported for Title I schools, non-Title I schools, all schools and for high-poverty and low-poverty schools.

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  All Teachers Special Education Teachers
This School5.4%0%
Division9.6%1.3%
State7.3%1.8%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentages of all teachers and special education teachers who are teaching with a provisional license.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2018-2019

No additional explanation available.
Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2016-201738%59%0%3%
2017-201844%54%3%-1%
2018-201945%53%3%-1%
< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Every Student Succeeds Act

2019 ESSA Status: Not Identified for Support and Improvement
2019 Accreditation Status: Accredited

ESSA School Quality Indicators Summary

Student GroupEnglish Reading PerformanceMathematics PerformanceEnglish Learner ProgressChronic AbsenteeismFederal Graduation Indicator
All StudentsYesYes-Yes-
AsianTSTS-Yes-
BlackYesYes-Yes-
HispanicYesYes-Yes-
WhiteYesYes-Yes-
Economically DisadvantagedYesYes-Yes-
English LearnersYesYesTSYes-
Students with DisabilitiesYesYes-Yes-

Yes = Annual target met
Yes - CP = Annual target met and improved from previous year
Yes - No CP = Annual target met and did not improve from previous year
No = Annual target not met
TS = Too few students to evaluate
— = Not applicable or no students

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) requires states to set annual and long-term targets for raising the achievement of all students. Virginia schools are focused on the following school quality indicators in meeting the objectives of the federal law:
  • Reading performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in reading
  • Mathematics performance — percentage of students in the school passing state tests in mathematics
  • Growth in reading and mathematics — percentage of students in the school either passing state tests in reading and mathematics or making significant progress toward passing
  • English learner progress — percentage of English learners making progress toward English-language proficiency
  • Chronic absenteeism — percentage of students missing 10 percent or more of the school year, regardless of reason (students receiving homebound and home-based instruction excluded)
  • Federal Graduation Indicator — percentage of students graduating within four years of entering the ninth grade with a Standard Diploma or Advanced Studies Diploma
More information about ESSA implementation in Virginia is available on the Virginia Department of Education website. Detailed state assessment results — including results by test type and student groups — are available on VDOE’s Test Results Build-A-Table data tool.

ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Reading

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students84%84%73%75%
Asian82%91%87%75%
Black85%80%60%75%
Hispanic78%82%63%75%
White86%85%81%75%
Economically Disadvantaged71%78%62%75%
English Learners55%65%53%75%
Students with Disabilities60%61%39%75%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in reading in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 75 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state reading tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance as compared to the previous year. Note: Reading pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.

ESSA Annual Targets and Long-Term Goals: Mathematics

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students88%85%74%70%
Asian91%95%89%70%
Black84%76%60%70%
Hispanic84%83%64%70%
White91%88%81%70%
Economically Disadvantaged86%82%63%70%
English Learners75%71%57%70%
Students with Disabilities67%68%42%70%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires annual testing in mathematics in grades 3-8 and once during high school. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, at least 70 percent of all students, and of all students in the student groups listed in this table, will be able to demonstrate grade-level proficiency by passing state mathematics tests. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line performance during the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets must improve performance compared to the previous year. Note: Mathematics pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time on one of the following state tests: Algebra I, Geometry or Algebra II.

ESSA Pass Rates: Science

Student GroupCurrent Rate
All Students82%
Asian<
Black71%
Hispanic79%
White85%
Economically Disadvantaged81%
English Learners64%
Students with Disabilities71%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires that students take state tests in science at least once during elementary school, once during middle school and once during high school. Note: Science pass rates reported for high schools reflect the performance on the state Biology test of a 12th-grade class of students who entered the ninth grade at the same time.

Growth in Reading and Mathematics

Student GroupGrowth English ReadingGrowth Mathematics
All Students85%89%
Asian82%91%
Black87%86%
Hispanic81%87%
White87%92%
Economically Disadvantaged76%88%
English Learners61%81%
Students with Disabilities64%69%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

Under the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015, growth in reading and mathematics is a factor in identifying elementary and middle schools for improvement and increased state support. The percentage of students showing growth in reading and mathematics includes students passing state tests and non-passing students who are making significant progress toward passing.

Chronic Absenteeism

Student GroupCurrent RateThree-Year RateAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
All Students7%7%9%10%
Asian-3%5%10%
Black2%3%9%10%
Hispanic6%3%9%10%
White10%9%9%10%
Economically Disadvantaged12%11%13%10%
English Learners4%3%8%10%
Students with Disabilities14%12%14%10%

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual and long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism. Virginia’s ESSA implementation plan expects that by the 2023-2024 school year, no more than 10 percent of all students, and of students in the student groups listed in this table, will be chronically absent. Annual targets for student groups reflect improvement upon base-line data from the 2015-2016 school year. Student groups meeting or exceeding annual or long-term targets for reducing chronic absenteeism must improve performance compared to the previous year.

English Learner Progress and Proficiency

English LearnersPercentAnnual TargetLong-Term Goal
English Learner Progress57%46%58%
English Learner Proficiency13%--

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to set annual targets and long-term goals for increasing the percentage of English learners making progress toward attaining English-language proficiency. Virginia also reports on the percentage of English learners who attain proficiency.
English LearnersNumeratorDenominatorRate
English Learner Progress132357%
English Learner Proficiency43113%

ESSA Participation Rates

Student GroupEnglish Reading ParticipationMathematics ParticipationScience Participation
All Students100%100%100%
Asian100%100%<
Black100%100%100%
Hispanic100%100%100%
White100%100%100%
Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
Not Economically Disadvantaged100%100%100%
English Learners100%100%100%
Students with Disabilities100%100%100%
Students without Disabilities100%100%100%
Female100%100%100%
Male100%100%100%
Migrant---

< = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
— = Not applicable or no data for group
* = Data not yet available

The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 requires states to assess at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics in grades 3-8, and to test at least 95 percent of students in reading and mathematics at least once during their high school careers. States also report on the percentage of students assessed in science in elementary school, middle school and in high school (Biology).

School Readiness

Kindergarten Students' Public Preschool Experience

This chart displays the percentage of kindergarten students who were previously enrolled in a public preschool within a Virginia school division. Students who were enrolled in a public preschool program administered by a non-governmental agency — such as a Head Start program administered by a local nonprofit organization — are not included.
Percent of Kindergarten Students​​
Public Preschool​
School 20%
Division 20%
State 33%

Kindergarten Students Meeting Fall Literacy Benchmarks

This chart presents the percentage of kindergarten students scoring at or above the benchmark on the fall Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) assessment. Note: Fairfax County Public Schools administers an alternate literacy assessment and school-level results for Fairfax County kindergarten students are not reported to the Virginia Department of Education.
Percent of Kindergarten Students Meeting Fall Literacy Benchmarks​​​
School 89%
Division 83%
State 81%
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