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Yorktown Middle

General school information

Category: Middle (06-08) School
Phone: 757-898-0360
Address: 11201 Geo Wash Mem Hwy Yorktown, VA 23692
Principal: Dr. Susan Hutton
Superintendent: Dr. Victor D. Shandor
Region: 2
Division: York County Public Schools
Division Website (opens new window)

Map results may not reflect school division or attendance zone boundaries.

Performance Snapshot

Accountability

Assessments

Assessments

Enrollment

Enrollment

Finance

School Finance

Learning Climate

Learning Climate

Teacher Quality

Teacher Quality

State Accreditation Status

Accredited

Reward School Status


ACCREDITATION

Accreditation Status This Year: Accredited
Annual Waiver: 2016 through 2018

School Quality Indicators

Academic Achievement

English Level One
Mathematics Level One
Science Level One

Achievement Gaps

EnglishLevel One
MathematicsLevel One

Student engagement & Outcomes

Chronic Absenteeism Level One

Accredited: All indicators at Level One or Level Two or Waiver
Accredited With Conditions: One or more indicators at Level Three
Accreditation Denied: Under State Sanction

Achievement Gaps: English and Mathematics

Reporting on the achievement and progress of student groups allows schools to identify learners in need of additional support and resources.

Student Group Achievement Gap - English Achievement Gap - Math
Asian Level One Level One
Black Level One Level One
Economically Disadvantaged Level One Level One
English Learners Level One Level One
Hispanic Level One Level One
Students with Disabilities Level One Level Two
White Level One Level One

18.28% of the students in this school were chronically absent.

Assessments

Student Achievement by Proficiency Level

Reading

Reading Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia students are assessed annually in reading in grades 3-8 and once in high school with an end-of-course reading test. Use the drop down menu above the chart to view the results for a specific reading test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 19 86 67 14 21 86 65 14 19 89 70 11
Female 19 87 68 13 21 88 66 12 19 90 72 10
Male 19 84 66 16 20 83 63 17 19 87 68 13
American Indian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Asian 29 80 51 20 29 90 61 10 27 87 60 13
Black 11 76 64 24 16 70 54 30 9 76 66 24
Hispanic 16 88 72 13 21 89 68 11 18 82 64 18
White 21 88 67 12 22 87 65 13 21 92 71 8
Two or more races 8 86 78 14 10 86 76 14 11 94 83 6
Students with Disabilities 15 53 38 47 19 53 34 48 13 63 51 37
Economically Disadvantaged 11 72 62 28 18 70 53 30 10 78 68 22
English Learners 15 62 46 38 6 75 69 25 - 50 50 50
Grade 6 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 24 86 62 14 26 86 60 14 24 89 65 11
Female 19 88 69 12 27 87 60 13 23 91 68 9
Male 30 85 54 15 24 85 61 15 24 87 62 13
Asian 36 79 43 21 < < < < 33 75 42 25
Black 12 82 70 18 26 71 46 29 7 67 60 33
Hispanic 21 88 67 13 22 87 65 13 12 94 82 6
White 27 88 61 12 29 90 61 10 29 92 63 8
Two or more races 14 86 71 14 6 78 72 22 16 100 84 0
Students with Disabilities 11 53 42 47 20 54 34 46 - 55 55 45
Economically Disadvantaged 16 78 62 22 29 76 47 24 5 75 70 25
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Grade 7 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 16 88 71 12 23 89 67 11 22 89 67 11
Female 17 89 72 11 21 89 68 11 25 93 68 7
Male 16 87 71 13 24 90 65 10 20 85 66 15
Asian 20 80 60 20 43 100 57 0 < 100 < 0
Black 12 69 58 31 13 81 69 19 18 79 62 21
Hispanic 13 94 81 6 30 89 59 11 26 74 48 26
White 18 89 71 11 23 89 67 11 24 92 68 8
Two or more races - 94 94 6 14 95 81 5 10 95 85 5
Students with Disabilities 15 52 37 48 12 65 53 35 22 67 44 33
Economically Disadvantaged 10 69 59 31 12 77 65 23 20 84 64 16
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Grade 8 English Reading Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 16 83 67 17 15 82 67 18 11 88 77 12
Female 20 84 64 16 16 87 71 13 10 88 78 12
Male 13 82 69 18 13 77 64 23 12 88 76 12
Asian 27 82 55 18 21 86 64 14 27 93 67 7
Black 10 74 65 26 5 50 45 50 3 79 76 21
Hispanic 13 83 71 17 9 91 83 9 15 81 65 19
White 17 85 68 15 17 84 67 16 11 91 80 9
Two or more races 11 79 68 21 10 85 75 15 8 88 79 13
Students with Disabilities 18 55 36 45 21 43 21 57 10 67 57 33
Economically Disadvantaged 4 70 65 30 11 55 45 45 6 77 70 23
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Writing

Writing Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in writing in grade 8 and once in high school with an end-of-course writing test. Prior to 2014, students also took a writing test in grade 5. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific writing test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s English Standards of Learning prepare students to participate in society as literate citizens, equipped with the ability to communicate effectively in their communities, in the workplace, and in postsecondary education. As students progress, they become active and involved listeners and develop a full command of the English language, evidenced by their use of standard English and their growing spoken and written vocabularies.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Writing Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 18 73 55 27 21 74 53 26 26 80 53 20
Female 27 80 53 20 27 81 54 19 28 82 54 18
Male 11 68 56 32 16 67 52 33 24 77 53 23
Asian 45 82 36 18 29 71 43 29 67 93 27 7
Black 9 73 64 27 14 55 41 45 8 53 44 47
Hispanic 25 75 50 25 29 76 48 24 31 77 46 23
White 19 72 53 28 21 76 54 24 27 83 56 17
Two or more races - 74 74 26 15 80 65 20 17 91 74 9
Students with Disabilities 14 18 5 82 15 31 15 69 9 36 27 64
Economically Disadvantaged 9 60 51 40 16 55 39 45 15 64 49 36
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
Grade 8 Writing Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 18 73 55 27 21 74 53 26 26 80 53 20
Female 27 80 53 20 27 81 54 19 28 82 54 18
Male 11 68 56 32 16 67 52 33 24 77 53 23
Asian 45 82 36 18 29 71 43 29 67 93 27 7
Black 9 73 64 27 14 55 41 45 8 53 44 47
Hispanic 25 75 50 25 29 76 48 24 31 77 46 23
White 19 72 53 28 21 76 54 24 27 83 56 17
Two or more races - 74 74 26 15 80 65 20 17 91 74 9
Students with Disabilities 14 18 5 82 15 31 15 69 9 36 27 64
Economically Disadvantaged 9 60 51 40 16 55 39 45 15 64 49 36
English Learners < < < < < < < < < < < <
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Math

Math Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students assessed in mathematics in grades 3-8 and at the end of the following secondary mathematics courses: Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific mathematics test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

The content of the Standards of Learning for mathematics supports the following five goals for students: becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections, and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

Throughout a student’s mathematics schooling from kindergarten through grade eight, specific content strands or topics are included. These content strands are Number and Number Sense; Computation and Estimation; Measurement; Geometry; Probability and Statistics; and Patterns, Functions, and Algebra. The Standards of Learning for each strand progress in complexity at each grade level and throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Math Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 17 89 71 11 17 90 72 10 15 89 73 11
Female 16 89 73 11 16 89 73 11 13 89 76 11
Male 18 88 70 12 19 90 71 10 17 88 70 12
American Indian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Asian 35 92 57 8 13 97 84 3 32 90 58 10
Black 9 85 76 15 16 81 65 19 8 73 65 27
Hispanic 15 91 75 9 22 89 68 11 14 83 69 17
White 18 90 72 10 19 91 72 9 16 92 76 8
Two or more races 17 77 60 23 7 90 83 10 13 92 79 8
Students with Disabilities 14 61 46 39 20 66 46 34 14 57 43 43
Economically Disadvantaged 12 78 66 22 15 79 64 21 9 78 69 22
English Learners 7 100 93 0 6 100 94 0 10 90 80 10
Grade 6 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 36 96 60 4 37 95 57 5 31 94 63 6
Female 30 95 65 5 38 94 56 6 28 93 65 7
Male 44 97 53 3 37 96 59 4 34 96 61 4
Asian 57 93 36 7 < 100 < 0 42 75 33 25
Black 13 97 84 3 34 94 60 6 10 83 73 17
Hispanic 32 96 64 4 35 91 57 9 24 100 76 0
White 40 96 56 4 42 95 53 5 36 97 61 3
Two or more races 36 93 57 7 11 100 89 0 32 95 63 5
Students with Disabilities 16 84 68 16 29 79 50 21 5 64 59 36
Economically Disadvantaged 24 91 67 9 33 89 56 11 14 89 75 11
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < < < <
Grade 7 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 7 78 71 22 10 80 70 20 8 76 68 24
Female 4 81 77 19 8 80 72 20 6 80 74 20
Male 11 75 64 25 11 80 68 20 9 71 62 29
Asian < < < < < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black 5 64 59 36 4 68 64 32 16 55 39 45
Hispanic 8 75 67 25 19 81 62 19 5 65 60 35
White 8 81 73 19 10 81 71 19 6 80 74 20
Two or more races - 69 69 31 13 88 75 13 5 89 84 11
Students with Disabilities 15 44 30 56 12 53 41 47 22 50 28 50
Economically Disadvantaged 7 63 57 37 4 73 69 27 12 56 44 44
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Grade 8 Mathematics Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 5 80 76 20 4 77 73 23 2 79 77 21
Female 5 76 71 24 - 80 80 20 2 80 78 20
Male 4 83 78 17 7 74 67 26 2 78 76 22
Asian < < < < < < < < < 100 < 0
Black 12 71 59 29 8 67 58 33 - 73 73 27
Hispanic < < < < 9 82 73 18 15 77 62 23
White 4 85 81 15 3 78 75 22 - 82 82 18
Two or more races < < < < < < < < < < < <
Students with Disabilities 15 55 40 45 16 56 40 44 12 59 47 41
Economically Disadvantaged 3 67 63 33 6 67 61 33 3 79 76 21
Algebra I Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 8 93 85 7 3 95 92 5 6 96 90 4
Female 8 93 85 7 2 93 91 7 7 96 88 4
Male 7 93 86 7 5 98 93 3 5 97 92 3
Asian 27 100 73 0 23 100 77 0 < 100 < 0
Black - 100 100 0 - 82 82 18 - 92 92 8
Hispanic 9 91 82 9 14 100 86 0 - 90 90 10
White 6 93 88 7 1 96 95 4 7 98 90 2
Two or more races 17 75 58 25 - 86 86 14 - 92 92 8
Students with Disabilities < 100 < 0 < < < < < < < <
Economically Disadvantaged 5 95 89 5 - 83 83 17 - 95 95 5
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Geometry Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 25 100 75 0 24 100 76 0 22 100 78 0
Female 31 100 69 0 22 100 78 0 18 100 82 0
Male 17 100 83 0 26 100 74 0 27 100 73 0
Asian < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Black < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Hispanic < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
White 28 100 72 0 28 100 72 0 17 100 83 0
Two or more races < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Economically Disadvantaged < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Science

Science Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in science in grades 5 and 8 and at the end of the following secondary courses: Earth Science, Biology, and Chemistry. Before 2014, students also were assessed in science in grade 4. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select results for a specific science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s Science Standards of Learning identify academic content for essential components of the science curriculum at different grade levels. Standards are identified for kindergarten through grade five, for middle school, and for a core set of high school courses — Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Throughout a student’s science schooling from kindergarten through grade six, content strands, or topics are included. The Standards of Learning in each strand progress in complexity as they are studied at various grade levels in grades K-6, and are represented indirectly throughout the high school courses.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 8 84 76 16 12 85 73 15 9 87 78 13
Female 11 81 70 19 9 84 75 16 6 84 78 16
Male 6 87 81 13 15 85 70 15 11 90 78 10
Asian 27 91 64 9 7 93 86 7 13 93 80 7
Black 3 71 69 29 5 64 59 36 - 76 76 24
Hispanic 4 88 83 13 13 87 74 13 19 92 73 8
White 8 87 78 13 13 86 72 14 8 87 79 13
Two or more races 5 74 68 26 10 90 80 10 13 92 79 8
Students with Disabilities - 45 45 55 14 50 36 50 10 57 48 43
Economically Disadvantaged - 67 67 33 9 70 62 30 6 77 70 23
English Learners < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
Grade 8 Science Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 8 84 76 16 12 85 73 15 9 87 78 13
Female 11 81 70 19 9 84 75 16 6 84 78 16
Male 6 87 81 13 15 85 70 15 11 90 78 10
Asian 27 91 64 9 7 93 86 7 13 93 80 7
Black 3 71 69 29 5 64 59 36 - 76 76 24
Hispanic 4 88 83 13 13 87 74 13 19 92 73 8
White 8 87 78 13 13 86 72 14 8 87 79 13
Two or more races 5 74 68 26 10 90 80 10 13 92 79 8
Students with Disabilities - 45 45 55 14 50 36 50 10 57 48 43
Economically Disadvantaged - 67 67 33 9 70 62 30 6 77 70 23
English Learners < < < < < 100 < 0 < < < <
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

History

History Performance: All Students

Note: Calculations for 2017-2018 annual pass rates on Standards of Learning tests in reading, writing, mathematics, science and history were modified to reflect new federal reporting requirements.

Virginia public school students are assessed in history and social science following instruction in Virginia Studies in elementary school, Civics and Economics in middle school, and at the conclusion of the following secondary courses: World History and Geography to 1500, World History and Geography 1500 to the Present, World Geography, and Virginia and U.S. History. Use the drop down menu above the chart to select a specific history or social science test. Use the menu below the chart to select assessment results for a specific group of students.

Virginia’s History and Social Science Standards of Learning are designed to

  • develop the knowledge and skills of history, geography, civics, and economics that enable students to place the people, ideas, and events that have shaped our state and our nation in perspective;
  • instill in students a thoughtful pride in the history of America through an understanding that what “We the People of the United States” launched more than two centuries ago was not a perfect union, but a continual effort to build a “more perfect” union, one which has become the world’s most successful example of constitutional self-government;
  • enable students to understand the basic values, principles, and operation of American constitutional democracy;
  • prepare students for informed, responsible, and participatory citizenship;
  • develop students’ skills in debate, discussion, and writing; and
  • provide students with a framework for continuing education in history and the social sciences.

Recently retired SOL tests representative of the content and skills included in current SOL tests are available on the Virginia Department of Education website to assist in understanding the format of the tests and questions.

Overall Student Performance: History Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 21 92 71 8 25 87 62 13 19 92 73 8
Female 18 92 74 8 24 88 64 12 14 93 79 7
Male 23 91 68 9 26 86 60 14 24 91 67 9
Asian 55 91 36 9 21 93 71 7 33 87 53 13
Black 9 91 82 9 14 64 50 36 6 85 79 15
Hispanic 21 100 79 0 26 91 65 9 31 100 69 0
White 21 91 70 9 27 88 61 12 20 93 72 7
Two or more races 21 84 63 16 15 90 75 10 4 91 87 9
Students with Disabilities 17 57 39 43 7 43 36 57 10 81 71 19
Economically Disadvantaged 9 78 70 22 6 68 62 32 13 84 72 16
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
Civics & Econ Performance 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Student Subgroup Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed Advanced Passed Proficient Failed
All Students 20 91 72 9 25 87 62 13 18 92 74 8
Female 18 92 74 8 24 88 64 12 13 93 80 7
Male 22 91 69 9 26 86 59 14 24 91 67 9
Asian 55 91 36 9 21 93 71 7 33 87 53 13
Black 3 91 88 9 14 62 48 38 6 85 79 15
Hispanic 21 100 79 0 27 91 64 9 25 100 75 0
White 21 91 70 9 27 88 61 12 20 93 72 7
Two or more races 21 84 63 16 15 90 75 10 4 91 87 9
Students with Disabilities 5 50 45 50 4 33 29 67 - 79 79 21
Economically Disadvantaged 7 78 71 22 7 67 60 33 11 84 73 16
English Learners < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0 < 100 < 0
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

2015-20162016-20172017-2018
State3,4624,2272,762
Division91918
School100
Number of recently arrived English language learners exempted from state reading assessments

Enrollment

Fall Membership by Grade

Grade 2015-20162016-20172017-2018
Grade 6248255235
Grade 7270255249
Grade 8250279262
Total Students768789746
Fall Membership by Grade
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

Fall Membership by Subgroups

2017 Fall Membership By Subgroup: Racial and Ethnic Groups

The Virginia Department of Education annually collects statistics on the number of students enrolled in public schools on September 30.  Student counts are reported by grade assignment, race, ethnicity, disability, English proficiency, and economic status.

The collection of race and ethnicity information as specified by the U.S. Department of Education is required for eligibility for federal education funds and for accountability reports.

A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she meets any one of the following criteria:

  • Is eligible for Free/Reduced Meals;
  • Receives Temporary Assistance for Needy Families;
  • Is eligible for Medicaid; or
  • Is a migrant or is experiencing homelessness.

.

Fall Membership by Subgroup
Subgroup 2015-20162016-20172017-2018
All Students768789746
Female380415387
Male388374359
American Indian112
Asian353231
Black938898
Hispanic657165
White525538488
Two or more races495957
Students with Disabilities688380
Not Students with Disabilities700706666
Economically Disadvantaged180161193
Not Economically Disadvantaged588628553
English Learners121612
Not English Learners756773734
Homeless327
Military Connected153180159
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

School Finance

Percentage of Expenditures

Division Expenditures

Multiple factors should be considered when comparing the level of school division expenditures for instruction and expenditures for non-instructional costs, such as administration, health services and pupil transportation. These factors include economies of scale, geographic size, and the number of students requiring special services. For example:

  • Smaller school divisions may have similar administrative and support costs as larger divisions but these non-instructional costs are spread over a smaller expenditure base.
  • Geographically large but sparsely populated school divisions may have higher per-pupil transportation costs because of travel distances and mountainous topography.
  • Divisions with large populations of at-risk or special needs students must provide support services that are required or that raise student achievement.
School Division - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year division
operating expenditures for instructional costs
63.9 65.7 66.1

Statewide Expenditures

The state Board of Education prescribes the following major classifications for expenditures of school funds: instruction; administration, attendance and health; pupil transportation; operation and maintenance; school food services and other non-instructional operations; facilities, debt and fund transfers; technology; and contingency reserves.

Instructional costs include the salaries and benefits paid to teachers, teacher aides, principals, assistant principals, librarians, and guidance counselors; expenditures for textbooks; and expenditures for students to participate in regional and virtual instructional programs.

School State - Percentage of Expenditures
  2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Percentage of fiscal year state
operating expenditures for instructional costs
67.1 66.9 67.2

Sources of Financial Support and Total Per Pupil Expenditures for Operations

Division Per-Pupil Spending

School divisions report annually on expenditures and appropriations to meet each locality’s required local effort in support of the Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. The amount by which school divisions exceed these required minimums varies based on local decisions and circumstances.

Most state support for public education is equalized to reflect each division’s capacity to support the required educational program. The Composite Index of Local Ability-to-Pay determines state and local shares of Standards of Quality costs for each division and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. A portion of state sales tax revenues is distributed in support of public education based on school-age population estimates.

The federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates, such as instructional services for economically disadvantaged students and students with disabilities.

School Division - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20154,388.004,688.001,198.00
2015-20163,893.004,747.001,565.00
2016-20174,203.004,906.001,238.00

Statewide Per-Pupil Spending

The apportionment of the state funds for public education is the responsibility of the General Assembly, through the Appropriations Act. General fund appropriations serve as the mainstay of state support for the commonwealth’s public schools, augmented by retail sales and use tax revenues, state lottery proceeds, and other sources.

Counties, cities and towns comprising school divisions also support public education by providing the locality’s share to maintain an educational program meeting the commonwealth’s Standards of Quality and local match requirements for incentive and lottery-funded programs. .

While public education is primarily a state and local responsibility, the federal government provides assistance to state and local education agencies in support of specific federal initiatives and mandates.

 

State - Per-Pupil Spending
  Local Funding State Federal
2014-20155,950.004,802.00771.00
2015-20166,101.004,831.00812.00
2016-20176,268.005,033.00871.00

Learning Climate

Percent of Students Absent

Percent of Students Absent 2017-2018 School Year:

NOTE TO USERS: THIS DATA AND PRESENTATION ABOVE DO NOT REFLECT THE FORMULA USED TO CALCULATE CHRONIC ABSENTEEISM INDICATORS FOR STATE ACCREDITATION AND ESSA. THIS PRESENTATION WILL BE REVISED WITH THE ADDITION OF ESSA INDICATORS ON DECEMBER 31, 2018.

Daily attendance is critical to success in school. A student is considered chronically absent if he or she misses two or more instructional days per month (18 days, or 10 percent of a 180-day school year) regardless of whether the absences are excused or unexcused. According to the U.S. Department of Education:

  • Children who are chronically absent in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade are much less likely to read on grade level by the third grade.
  • Students who can’t read at grade level by the third grade are four times more likely to drop out of high school.
  • By high school, regular attendance is a better dropout indicator than test scores.
  • A student who is chronically absent in any year between the eighth and twelfth grade is seven times more likely to drop out of school.
Absenteeism by Subgroup
2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018
Subgroup 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+% 0%-10%10%-15%15%-20%20+%
All Students75527121076124151077426101572144710
Female3621241378128641012293792013
Male3931589383127436414863422467
American Indian0000000000000000
Asian33000381003300031000
Black876229422386523881324
Hispanic58020653027322261612
White52619785121613552218584732343
Two or more races49210512005911262201
Students with Disabilities775247433188324721012
Economically Disadvantaged15619104159118614711691612375
English Learners15000121001501012000
Homeless0000000000000000
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Standards of Accreditation (SOA) Offenses Data

2016-2017 Offenses
  Number of Offenses
Offenses Against Student 15
Offenses Against Staff <
Weapons Offenses <
Property Offenses <
All Other Offenses <
Other Offenses Against Persons 26
Disorderly or Disruptive Behavior Offenses 18
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Offenses <
Technology Offenses <
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Short Term Suspensions

Short Term Suspensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A short-term suspension (10 days of less) may be imposed by a principal, an assistant principal, or a designee teacher in the principal’s absence. The principal or assistant principal must tell the student of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his version of what occurred. Notice to the parent may be oral or written, depending on local school board policy, and must include information on the length of the suspension, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired.  A parent may ask for a short-term suspension decision to be reviewed by the superintendent or his designee. Local school board policy will determine whether the superintendent’s decision is final or can be appealed to the local school board. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Short Term Suspensions
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
Subgroup % Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions% Population% Short Term Suspensions
American Indian0.2590.130.127
Asian3.8814.55710.424.0562.27
Black11.90227.4212.1092511.15327.27
Hispanic7.1158.4644.178.9996.82
Native Hawaiian
White70.24661.2968.3595068.18852.27
Two or more races6.59811.296.3810.427.47811.36
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Long Term Suspensions

Long Term Supensions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

A long-term suspension (more than 10 school days and less than 365 calendar days)  is usually imposed by a disciplinary hearing officer upon recommendation of a principal. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred. Notice to the parent (and child) must be in writing and must include information on the length of and reason for the suspension, the right to a hearing in accordance with local school board policy, the availability of community-based educational options, and the student’s right to return to regular school attendance when the suspension period has expired or to attend an appropriate alternative education program approved by the school board during the suspension or after the suspension period expires. Costs for any community-based educational programs or alternative programs that are not part of the program offered by the school division are the financial responsibility of the parent. A parent has the right to appeal a long-term suspension decision in accordance with local school board policy. The appeal may first go to the local superintendent or his or her designee or to a sub-committee of the local school board; final appeal is to the full school board. The appeal must be decided by the school board within 30 days. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Long Term Suspensions
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
Subgroup % Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions% Population% Long Term Suspensions
American Indian0.2590.130.127
Asian3.8814.5574.056
Black11.90212.10911.153
Hispanic7.1158.4648.999
Native Hawaiian
White70.24668.35968.188100
Two or more races6.5986.387.478
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Expulsions

Expulsions:

Increasingly, Virginia schools are implementing Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, a nationally-recognized approach to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for students. This positive approach to discipline prepares teachers and principals to implement new techniques that reduce disruptive student behaviors that lead to suspensions and decrease instructional time.

An expulsion (removal from school for 365 calendar days) may only be imposed by a local school board. The student must be told of the charges against him or her. If the student denies them, he or she is given an explanation of the facts as known to the school and an opportunity to present his or her version of what occurred.  The parent (and child) must be noticed in writing of the proposed expulsion, the reasons the expulsion is being proposed, and of the right to a hearing before the school board or a sub-committee of the school board, depending on local policy. If the student is expelled, the parent is sent a written notification of the length of the expulsion and information on the availability of community-based educational, training, and intervention programs. The notice must state whether the student is eligible to return to regular school or to attend an approved alternative education program or an adult education program offered during or after the period of expulsion. The student may apply for readmission to be effective one calendar year from the date of his or her expulsion. For more information, see A Parent’s Guide To Understanding Student Discipline Policies and Practices In Virginia Schools.

Expulsions
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
Subgroup % Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions% Population% Expulsions
American Indian0.2590.130.127
Asian3.8814.5574.056
Black11.90212.10911.153
Hispanic7.1158.4648.999
Native Hawaiian
White70.24668.35968.188
Two or more races6.5986.387.478
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility:

School divisions that choose to take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated commodities from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements, and they must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children. The School Breakfast Program operates by supporting breakfasts in the same manner as the National School Lunch Program.

 

At the beginning of each school year, letters and meal applications are distributed to households of children attending school. This letter informs households that school nutrition programs are available and that free and reduced-price meals are available based on income criteria. Applications have been eliminated totally in divisions that implement the community eligibility provision for all schools within the division.

Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level are eligible for free meals. Those between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level are eligible for reduced-price meals, for which students can be charged no more than 40 cents for lunch and 30 cents for breakfast. All other students pay the full price for meals.

See the Virginia Department of Education website for more information about school nutrition programs.

Free and Reduced Meal Eligibility
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 27.9426.625.41
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation of Eligible Students :

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Breakfast Program. The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program that provides nutritious breakfast meals to students. The Virginia Department of Education administers the program at the state level and school divisions administer the program at the local level.

Participation in the School Breakfast Program has been linked increased achievement, reduced absenteeism and tardiness, fewer disciplinary problems, and better student health.

Breakfast menus must provide one-fourth of the daily recommended levels for protein, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and calories. Participating schools must serve breakfasts that meet Federal nutrition standards – one quarter of daily recommended levels of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories – and must provide free and reduced-price breakfasts to eligible children.

The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Breakfast Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 22.3721.5620.45
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation of Eligible Students:

The above pie graph displays the average daily percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price meals who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture School Lunch Program.

School divisions that take part in the National School Lunch Program get cash subsidies and donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for each meal served. In return, schools must serve lunches that meet federal requirements, and must offer free or reduced-price lunches to eligible children.

Studies show that well-nourished students are better learners. The No Kid Hungry Virginia campaign and the Virginia 365 Project are key state initiatives to increase participation in school nutrition programs and eliminate childhood hunger.

 

Free and Reduced Lunch Participation
  2014-20152015-20162016-2017
  PercentagePercentagePercentage
All Students 62.2865.655.91
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
Unduplicated = Students are able to be in two gap groups

Teacher Quality

Provisionally Licensed Teachers

Provisionally Licensed Teachers
  2016-20172017-2018
Provisional Special Education0%0%
Provisional2%3%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available

This table reports the percentage of teachers teaching with provisional or provisional special education credentials.

This table provides data on the percentage of classes not taught by teachers meeting the federal definition of highly qualified.

Federal education law defines a highly qualified teacher as a teacher who is fully licensed by the state, has at least a bachelor’s degree, has demonstrated competency in each subject taught, and is teaching in his or her area of endorsement.

Virginia’s licensure regulations – which emphasize content knowledge as well as pedagogy – require new teachers to far exceed the federal highly qualified standard.

Teacher Educational Attainment

Teacher Educational Attainment: 2017-2018

The Virginia Department of Education reports annually on the percentage of teachers with bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate degrees in schools, school divisions, and the state by highest degree earned.

Teacher Educational Attainment
  Bachelor's Degree Master's Degree Doctoral Degree Other
2015-201633%63%2%2%
2016-201737%60%2%1%
2017-201836%61%2%1%
LEGEND < = A group below state definition for personally identifiable results
- = No data for group
* = Data not yet available
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